Primary Outcome Measures:
- VO2 max on cardiopulmonary exercise test [ Time Frame: Baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Secondary Outcome Measures:
- Quality of life questionnaires [ Time Frame: Baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Echocardiogram [ Time Frame: Baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Dual Energy X-ray Absorbtiometry [ Time Frame: Baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Pulmonary Function Test [ Time Frame: Baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Although the burden of sickle cell anemia (SCA) on affected individuals is significant, few studies have examined the influence of having SCA on such measures of physical function as exercise capacity. Moreover, the physiologic basis of poor physical functioning in children with SCA is unknown and has not been studied extensively. The purpose of this proposal is to use cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) to gain a comprehensive understanding of longitudinal changes in exercise capacity, and the effect of poor exercise capacity on quality of life in children and young adults with SCA. The specific aims of this project are to: 1) Measure peak oxygen consumption (VO2), the reference standard for exercise capacity, in children and young adults with SCA classified by primary pathophysiologic contributor to their decreased exercise capacity, and 2) compare results of this exercise test with the results of previously completed exercise tests to determine longitudinal changes in exercise capacity. These aims will be performed in 60 subjects with SCA and 30 matched controls who participated in a previous study, IRB# 2009-13659; "The Physiologic Assessment of Exercise Capacity in Pediatric Sickle Cell Anemia". In a secondary analysis, we will also study the participants quality of life using a set of validated questionnaires. This study is essential because it will address several areas of exercise capacity, including the longterm effects of physiologic contributors to exercise limitation, that remain fundamental knowledge gaps in SCA.