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Increasing the Variety of Vegetables and Fruits Served to Preschool Children at a Snack

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Barbara J. Rolls, Penn State University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01557218
First received: March 15, 2012
Last updated: February 14, 2013
Last verified: February 2013
  Purpose

Intake of vegetables and fruits in preschool children is less than recommended amounts. Although offering a variety of foods has been shown to increase intake, this effect has not been well studied for low-energy-dense foods. The purpose of this study was to test whether increasing the variety of vegetables and fruits served to preschool children affected the amount eaten. The hypotheses were that increasing the variety of vegetables and fruits would increase both the amount selected and the amount eaten.


Condition Intervention
Obesity
Feeding Behaviors
Other: Cucumber snack
Other: Pepper snack
Other: Tomato snack
Other: Vegetable variety snack
Other: Apple snack
Other: Peach snack
Other: Pineapple snack
Other: Fruit variety snack

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Penn State University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Intake of vegetables and fruit [ Time Frame: One month ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 61
Study Start Date: January 2011
Study Completion Date: May 2011
Primary Completion Date: April 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Cucumber Other: Cucumber snack
Three 300-g bowls of vegetables per table: three of cucumber slices
Experimental: Pepper Other: Pepper snack
Three 300-g bowls of vegetables per table: three of yellow pepper strips
Experimental: Tomato Other: Tomato snack
Three 300-g bowls of vegetables per table: three of grape tomatoes
Experimental: Vegetable variety Other: Vegetable variety snack
Three 300-g bowls of vegetables per table: one each of cucumber slices, pepper strips, and grape tomatoes
Experimental: Apple Other: Apple snack
Three 300-g bowls of fruits per table: three of apple wedges
Experimental: Peach Other: Peach snack
Three 300-g bowls of fruits per table: three of peach slices
Experimental: Pineapple Other: Pineapple snack
Three 300-g bowls of fruits per table: three of pineapple half-rings
Experimental: Fruit variety Other: Fruit variety snack
Three 300-g bowls of fruits per table: of each of apple wedges, peach slices, and pineapple half-rings

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years to 6 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • attenders at the relevant child care center

Exclusion Criteria:

  • allergy or sensitivity to any test food
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01557218

Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
Penn State University Laboratory for the Study of Human Ingestive Behavior
University Park, Pennsylvania, United States, 16802
Sponsors and Collaborators
Penn State University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Barbara J. Rolls, PhD Penn State University
  More Information

No publications provided by Penn State University

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Barbara J. Rolls, Professor of Nutrition and Director of the Laboratory for the Study of Human Ingestive Behavior, Penn State University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01557218     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ChildFood101, R01DK082580
Study First Received: March 15, 2012
Last Updated: February 14, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Penn State University:
Dietary variety
Vegetable intake
Fruit intake

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 27, 2014