Afatinib With CT and RT for EGFR-Mutant NSCLC

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified February 2014 by Massachusetts General Hospital
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Lecia V. Sequist, Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01553942
First received: March 5, 2012
Last updated: February 2, 2014
Last verified: February 2014
  Purpose

This research study is a Phase II clinical trial. Phase II clinical trials test the effectiveness of an investigational drug to learn whether the drug works in treating a specific cancer. "Investigational" means that the drug is still being studied and that study doctors are trying to find out more about it-such as the safest dose to use, the side effects it may cause, and if the drug is effective for treating different types of cancer. It also means that the FDA has not yet approved the drug for the patients type of cancer or for any use outside of research studies.

Chemotherapy and radiation is the standard treatment for the patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). For people with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations, adding a type of drug called a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) can help increase the response to treatment.

Afatinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor. It has been studied in a previous research study in participants with more advanced NSCLC. Results from that study indicate it may be helpful in treating NSCLC with EGFR mutations.

In this study, patients with stage III NSCLC and EGFR mutations will receive the standard treatment of radiation and chemotherapy. If possible, the patients tumor will be removed by surgery. Afatinib will be given before radiation and chemotherapy and after surgery. The aim of giving afatinib before radiation therapy is to try to shrink the tumor. This may make the radiation therapy more effective since radiation therapy tends to work better on smaller tumors.

The goal of this study is to see if adding afatinib to standard treatment helps to improve the response to treatment.


Condition Intervention Phase
Lung Cancer
Drug: Afatinib
Radiation: Radiation
Drug: Cisplatin
Drug: Pemetrexed
Procedure: Surgery
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Afatinib Sequenced With Concurrent Chemotherapy and Radiation in EGFR-Mutant Non-Small Cell Lung Tumors: The ASCENT Trial

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Massachusetts General Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Response Rate [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assess the response rate to induction afatinib.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • 2 Year Progression-Free Survival [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Estimate the 2-year progression-free survival (PFS)

  • Number of Participants with Adverse Events as a Measure of Safety and Tolerability [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Describe the number of patients that have side effects of various types from the study treatment

  • Unresectable Disease Converted to Operable Cases [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Estimate the proportion of patients with initially unresectable disease that can be converted to operable cases

  • Locoregional Tumor Control Rates [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Estimate 2-year locoregional tumor control rates, distant metastasis rates and overall survivial rates, as well as median overall survivial (OS)

  • Evaluation of EGFR Mutation Status and other genotypes [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Evaluate the status of various relevent genes such as EGFR, MET, and other genes that might be related to response or resistance to afatinib, and assess relationship to clinical outcomes


Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: April 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date: April 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Afatinib
Afatinib
Drug: Afatinib
induction phase-two 4 week cycles. consolidation phase-twenty six 4 week cycles
Radiation: Radiation
Daily, Monday-Friday
Drug: Cisplatin
Day 1 of each cycle, IV infusion over 60 minutes
Drug: Pemetrexed
Day 1 of each cycle, given as IV infusion over 10 minutes after cisplatin infusion
Procedure: Surgery
Surgery to remove tumor

Detailed Description:

Study treatment will be divided into 5 stages:

Stage 1-induction, consisting of afatinib for two 4-week cycles. Afatinib is a pill that the patient takes by mouth once per day. The patient will receive a study drug diary in which to record the doses of afatinib.

Stage 2-concurrent radiation and chemotherapy with cisplatin/pemetrexed for two 3-week cycles.

Stage 3-Surgery to remove tumor for participants whose tumor can be removed by surgery. This will be done about 4-6 weeks after finishing radiation and chemotherapy. The exact timing will depend upon how quickly the patient recovers from side effects of the radiation and chemotherapy. The investigators will use a piece of the patients tumor removed by surgery for research tests to look for biomarkers such as genes and proteins that may be associated with response to afatinib, chemotherapy or radiation.

Stage 4-Chemotherapy after surgery (adjuvant chemotherapy). The patients doctor will decide if the patient will receive chemotherapy after the patients surgery but before receiving consolidation with afatinib. If the patient does receive this, it will start 6-12 weeks after surgery or finishing radiation if the patient does not have surgery. The chemotherapy will be the same as that received along with the radiation therapy.

Stage 5-Consolidation with afatinib for twenty-six 4-week cycles (2 years) for participants who responded to the 2 cycles of induction afatinib.

The investigators would like to keep track of the patients medical condition and status of the patients disease for up to 5 years after the patient stops study treatment. Keeping in touch with the patients and checking on the patients condition every year helps the investigators look at the long-term effects of the research study. The patients will be asked to have CT scans as follows:

  • Every 3 months for the first year after stopping study treatment
  • Every 6 months for years 2-4 after stopping study treatment
  • Once per year in year 5 after stopping study treatment
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed stage IIIA NSCLC
  • Measurable disease
  • Have lung cancer harboring an EGFR mutation
  • Must be evaluated by a medical oncologist, radiation oncologist and thoracic surgeon within 4 weeks of enrollment into study to document that they are a candidate for chemoradiation and for consideration of surgical resection (not required to be a surgical candidate)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Prior EGFR TKI therapy
  • Prior treatment with radiation to the thoracic region (including breast irradiation)
  • Known pre-existing interstitial lung disease
  • Significant or recent gastrointestinal disorders with diarrhea as a major symptom
  • History or presence of relevant cardiovascular abnormalities
  • Any other concomitant serious illness or organ system dysfunction
  • Active hepatitis B, C or known HIV carrier
  • Known or suspected active drug or alcohol use
  • Known hypersensitivity to afatanib, cisplatin, or pemetrexed
  • Concomitant treatment with strong inhibitor of P-gp
  • History of an active malignancy within the last 3 years
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01553942

Contacts
Contact: Lecia V Sequist, MD MPH 617-724-4000 lvsequist@partners.org

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Contact: Geoffrey Oxnard, MD    617-632-6049    goxnard@partners.org   
Principal Investigator: Geoffrey Oxnard, MD         
Massachusetts General Hospital Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Contact: Lecia V Sequist, MD MPH    617-724-4000    lvsequist@partners.org   
Principal Investigator: Lecia V Sequist, MD MPH         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Massachusetts General Hospital
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Lecia V Sequist, MD MPH Massachusetts General Hospital
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Lecia V. Sequist, Principal Investigator, Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01553942     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 11-464
Study First Received: March 5, 2012
Last Updated: February 2, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Massachusetts General Hospital:
NSCLC

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cisplatin
Antineoplastic Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 28, 2014