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Lenalidomide and Gemcitabine as First-line Treatment in Patients With Pancreatic Cancer (LENAGEM)

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified March 2012 by Karolinska University Hospital.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Karolinska University Hospital
Karolinska Institutet
Celgene Corporation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Maria Liljefors, Karolinska University Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01547260
First received: February 28, 2012
Last updated: March 2, 2012
Last verified: March 2012
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to ascertain whether treatment with lenalidomide or lenalidomide in combination with gemcitabine induces modulation of immune effector functions and to characterize the nature of immune functions.


Condition Intervention Phase
Pancreatic Carcinoma.
Drug: Gemzar
Drug: Revlimid
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Study of Lenalidomide and Gemcitabine as First-line Treatment in Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Karolinska University Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety (phase I). [ Time Frame: Within the first day after start of treatment until 30 days post the last dose of study drug. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    In the phase I part of the study, the primary outcome is to determine the MTD and safety of the regimen lenalidomide and gemcitabine in combination. Data from all subjects who receive any study drug will be included in the safety analyses, according to the NCI CTCAE v3.0.

  • Immunomodulatory effect (phase II). [ Time Frame: Within the first day of treatment until 60 days after start of treatment. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    In the phase II part, the primary endpoint is to evaluate assessment of immunological reaction.The changes in immune responses at the end of cycle 1 (single lenalidomide or single gemcitabine) and cycle 2 (lenalidomide combined with gemcitabine) will be described in relation to baseline within the individual patient.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Clinical efficacy [ Time Frame: Within start of treatment until start of therapy until clinical and/or radiological signs of progression of the disease by treatment group together. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Progression-free survival (PFS) will be presented as time from start of therapy until clinical and/or radiological signs of progression of the disease by treatment group together.

    Survival rate at 12 months will be presented as rate of patients still alive at 12 months after start of therapy by treatment group together.

    Overall survival (OS) will be presented as time from start of therapy until death by treatment group together.



Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: October 2009
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Lenalidomide
Phase I; Lenalidomide capsules will be taken orally each day on days 1-21 of each 28-day cycle. 3 subjects will be enrolled into each dose cohort for 15, 20 and 25 mg/day. Gemcitabine, 1000 mg/m2 in 0.9% sodium chloride will be administered iv over 30 minutes, at days 1, 8, 15 of each 28-day cycle. Phase II: Every other consecutive included subject in phase II part will be treated with either single lenalidomide (days 1-21 of 28) or single gemcitabine (days 1, 8, 15 of 28) during Cycle 1. The first included patient in phase II part will start with single lenalidomide. From treatment cycle number 2 and beyond, all subjects in the phase II part of the study will be treated with lenalidomide in combination with gemcitabine.
Drug: Gemzar
Gemcitabine (Gemzar®), 1000 mg/m2 in 0.9% sodium chloride will be administered as intravenous infusion over 30 minutes, weekly for 3 weeks then rest for 1 week (days 1, 8, 15 of each 28-day cycle).
Other Names:
  • Gemzar
  • Revlimid
Experimental: gemcitabine
Gemcitabine, 1000 mg/m2 in 0.9% sodium chloride will be administered iv over 30 minutes, at days 1, 8, 15 of each 28-day cycle in both phase I and II. Phase I:Lenalidomide capsules will be taken orally each day on days 1-21 of each 28-day cycle. 3 subjects will be enrolled into each dose cohort for 15, 20 and 25 mg/day. Phase II: Every other consecutive included subject in phase II part will be treated with either single lenalidomide (days 1-21 of 28) or single gemcitabine (days 1, 8, 15 of 28) during Cycle 1. The first included patient in phase II part will start with single lenalidomide. From treatment cycle number 2 and beyond, all subjects in the phase II part of the study will be treated with lenalidomide in combination with gemcitabine.
Drug: Revlimid
Lenalidomide capsules will be taken orally in the morning each day on days 1-21 of each 28-day cycle. Phase I; Three subjects will be enrolled into each dose cohort for 15, 20 and 25 mg/day, respectively. Phase II; Lenalidomide at dose determined in Phase I, will be administered orally once daily for 21 days followed by 7 days rest.
Other Names:
  • Revlimid
  • Gemzar

Detailed Description:

Pancreatic cancer is characterised by aggressive growth, treatment resistance and an extremely poor prognosis. In subjects with locally advanced or metastatic disease, the median survival is approximately 6 - 11 months and 2 - 6 months, respectively. The currently accepted treatment for this disease in EU is gemcitabine which supplanted treatment with 5-FU after it was shown that median survival duration was marginally improved (4.41 and 5.65 months respectively, p = 0,022). The reported median survival time for subjects treated with single-agent gemcitabine in randomized phase III studies ranged form 4.9 to 7.2 months. Despite these improvements in the treatment of pancreatic cancer, the prognosis remains very poor. Lenalidomide (Revlimid®) belongs to a proprietary class of compounds called immunomodulatory drugs (IMiDs). IMiDshave both immunomodulatory and anti-angiogenic properties which could confer antitumour and antimetastatic effects. Lenalidomide has been demonstrated to possess anti-angiogenic activity through inhibition of bFGF, VEGF and TNF-alpha induced endothelial cell migration, due at least in part to inhibition of Akt phosphorylation response to bFGF.In addition, lenalidomide has a variety of immunomodulatory effects. Gemcitabine (Gemzar®) is a synthetic pyrimidine nucleoside analogue that is used as standard treatment of advanced pancreatic cancer. Beside the cytotoxic activity of gemcitabine, accumulating evidence has indicated that the product promote specific anticancer immune responses that contribute to the therapeutic effects of conventional therapy.Down-regulation in survival rate of pancreatic cell lines has more recently been observed, when treated with lenalidomide and gemcitabine in sub-optimal concentrations.Those data supports a hypothesis of a potential hyper-additive affect of the treatments given in combination. Therefore lenalidomide and gemcitabine should be of major interest to explore for combination therapy.

This is a phase I/II open-label, multi-center study. It will consist of a phase I dose-finding part and a phase II part during which subjects will be treated at the MTD established during phase I. Lenalidomide will be administered by a stepwise dose-escalation schedule in the phase I part. Thus, the primary endpoint in the phase I part is to determine the MTD and safety of the regimen lenalidomide and gemcitabine as first-line treatment in subjects with advanced pancreatic cancer.In the phase II part, primary endpoint is to evaluate the immunomodulatory effects of lenalidomide in combination with gemcitabine in the same patient population.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed, unresectable, locally advanced, or metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas.
  • ECOG performance status of 0 or 1, see Appendix 1.
  • Life expectancy > 12 weeks.
  • Must understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent form.
  • Age > 18 years at the time of signing informed consent form.
  • Must be able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements.
  • Female subjects of childbearing potential† must:

    • Understand that the study medication is expected to have a teratogenic risk
    • Agree to use, and be able to comply with, effective contraception without interruption, 4 weeks before starting study drug, throughout study drug therapy (including dose interruptions) and for 4 weeks after the end of study drug therapy, even if she has amenorrhoea
  • Male subjects must:

    • Agree to use condoms throughout study drug therapy, during any dose interruption and for one week after cessation of study therapy if their partner is of childbearing potential and has no contraception.
    • Agree not to donate semen during study drug therapy and for one week after end of study drug therapy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior use of systemic chemotherapy for the treatment of adenocarcinoma of the pancreas (with the exception of gemcitabine, fluorouracil, or capecitabine in the adjuvant setting).
  • Laboratory abnormalities:
  • Prior history of malignancy within 5 years (except basal or squamous cell carcinoma or carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast, localized prostate cancer with PSA < 1,0 mg/dL).
  • Subjects with a history of or active DVT or PE that are not therapeutically managed on a stable dose of appropriate anticoagulant.
  • Brain metastases (subjects that are asymptomatic and do not require steroid control may be enrolled at the discretion of the investigator).
  • Surgery within 28 days prior to cycle 1 Day 1 (minimally invasive procedures for the purpose of diagnosis or staging of the disease are permitted, including stent placement and insertion of central venous access advice).
  • Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study or confounds the ability to interpret data from the study.
  • Any serious medical condition or psychiatric illness that places the subject at an unacceptable risk for study participation or would prevent the subject from signing the informed consent form.
  • Prior therapy with lenalidomide or thalidomide.
  • Use of any other experimental drug or therapy within 28 days prior to Cycle 1 Day 1.
  • Pregnant or lactating females.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01547260

Contacts
Contact: Maria Gustafsson Liljefors, Sen.consult. +46851776136 maria.gustafsson-liljefors@karolinska.se
Contact: Håkan Mellstedt, Prof +46851774308/4641 hakan.mellstedt@karolinska.se

Locations
Sweden
Karolinska University Hospital Recruiting
Stockholm, Solna, Sweden, 171 76
Contact: Maria Gustafsson Liljefors, Sen.consult    +46851776136    maria.gustafsson-liljefors@karolinska.se   
Contact: Håkan Mellstedt, Prof    +46851774308/4641    hakan.mellstedt@karolinska.se   
Principal Investigator: Maria Gustafsson Liljefors, Sen.consult.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Maria Liljefors
Karolinska University Hospital
Karolinska Institutet
Celgene Corporation
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Håkan Mellstedt, Prof. Karolinska University Hospital
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Maria Liljefors, MD, Senior consultant, Karolinska University Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01547260     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: LENAGEM-PANC
Study First Received: February 28, 2012
Last Updated: March 2, 2012
Health Authority: Sweden: Medical Products Agency
Sweden: Regional Ethical Review Board

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Digestive System Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Endocrine System Diseases
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Pancreatic Diseases
Gemcitabine
Lenalidomide
Thalidomide
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antimetabolites
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Growth Inhibitors
Growth Substances
Immunologic Factors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Leprostatic Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 20, 2014