Assessment of Exercise Intensity in Cardiac Rehabilitation Programmes for Patients With Chronic Heart Failure
Cardiac rehabilitation is the ideal comprehensive intervention for patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), since it addresses the complex interplay of medical, psychological and behavioural factors facing these individuals. Structured exercise training within a cardiac rehabilitation programme is firmly recommended for these patients. However, it is questionable whether patients are achieving an adequate dose of exercise to provide optimal benefits. The essential components for setting optimal training include the appropriate mode, duration, frequency and intensity of exercise. UK surveys of cardiac rehabilitation describe the frequency and duration of training, but here is scant information on exercise intensity. However, it is apparent that randomised controlled trials of exercise training use doses more than 4 times greater than in UK current practice. The Eastbourne Exercise Cardiology Research Group has demonstrated that although patients benefit from improved quality of life and submaximal fitness after a hospital outpatient cardiac rehabilitation programme, they do not achieve the increases in important prognostic indicators reported by the majority of exercise training trials.
The critical factor in terms of eliciting a sufficient training effect while minimising risk is the intensity of the exercise performed. It is now widely accepted that the traditional methods of using fixed percentages of maximal heart rate or oxygen uptake to set exercise intensity include serious errors. The European Society of Cardiology recommends that cardiopulmonary exercise testing should be used to provide an objective evaluation of the metabolic demand of exercise. This allows physiologically meaningful reference points to be established for aerobic exercise prescription and is the solution to defining safe and effective training intensities. The next step is to determine whether this information can be transferred to a practical cardiac rehabilitation environment to set and monitor exercise intensity
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Assessment of Exercise Intensity in Cardiac Rehabilitation Programmes for Patients With Chronic Heart Failure|
- The primary outcome measure is the oxygen uptake(VO2)during exercise [ Time Frame: 13 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Affective responses (e.g. feelings of pleasure/displeasure) [ Time Frame: 13 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Questionnaire used to measure affective responses (Feelings Scale, Felt Anxiety Scale and Activation/Deactivation )
- Weekly physical activity [ Time Frame: 13 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Average daily physical activity: Participants' freeliving activity will be classified by ActivPAL into periods spent sitting, standing and walking, and daily energy expenditure will also be estimated from this information.
|Study Start Date:||April 2012|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||April 2013|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||April 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Background Heart failure is a chronic, costly and life-threatening disorder that constitutes a significant burden for individuals and the National Health Service [There are 27,000 new cases reported per annum in the UK. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is recommended as the ideal comprehensive intervention since it addresses the complex interplay of medical, psychological and behavioural factors facing CHF patients and carers.
Study Aim Primary objective to describe the exercise intensity, defined by oxygen uptake (VO2) in terms of the individual physiological thresholds, in CHF patients undergoing CR according to current guidelines Primary end point: VO2 Secondary objectives Secondary objectives of this study are:-
- To measure resting and exercising energy expenditure in order to a) establish the value of 1 MET (resting metabolic rate) for patients with CHF, and b) to establish the MET value (defined as multiples of resting metabolic rate) for exercises performed in CR sessions
- To measure affective responses (feeling very bad - feeling very good; levels of energy - tiredness and tension - calmness) to exercise during CR sessions
- To measure weekly physical activity level in CHF patients undergoing Phase III and IV CR.
For the secondary analysis the following secondary end points and parameters will be established
- MET values, defined as multiples of resting oxygen uptake or resting metabolic rate (1 MET), for different CR exercises
- Ratings of affective response on the Feelings Scale (FS) and ratings of perceived activation on the Felt Arousal Scale (FAS).
- Average daily activity over 7 day period in terms of steps per day and periods spent sitting, standing and walking
|Contact: Jet van Zalen, MSc, BSc||01323417400 ext firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Eastbourne General Hospital||Not yet recruiting|
|Eastbourne, East Sussex, United Kingdom, BN21 2UD|
|Principal Investigator:||Guy W Lloyd, MD||Eastbourne General Hospital|