For Cause Prostate Biopsy in REDUCE Population Trial
The REDUCE trial was conducted to determine whether dutasteride reduces the risk of incident prostate cancer, as detected on biopsy, among men who are at increased risk for the disease. Dutasteride was compared with placebo for 4 years period. Results showed a relative risk reduction of 22.8 % (95% CI: 15.2 to 29.8)in prostate cancer.
For REDUCE, biopsies were defined as "protocol biopsy" if performed at certain timeframes, and "for cause" if outside these predetermined timeframes.
The investigators propose a post hoc analysis that would allow them to include biopsies that really justified a clinical indication, but were excluded from "for cause" analysis based on occurring at either the 2 or 4 year timeframes.
Thus the investigators propose analysis of both REDUCE groups by every yearly timeframe as:
Group 1--dutasteride group biopsied "for cause" using several definitions: biopsy of patients who received dutasteride whose PSA rose from nadir as defined in your own protocol,who had a PSA rise>0.2 ng/ml or who had a new abnormal DRE or had a free PSA<12% . The investigators define these as such because this would reasonably instigate biopsy if the clinician had a patient with this scenario in the non-study setting.
Group 2--placebo group biopsied "for cause" using several definitions, regardless of timeframe but reported at each year of the study and aggregate, with the aggregate number being the primary outcome. Thus the investigators would request results of biopsy of patients who received placebo To establish differences in biopsy positive rates the groups as per each definition listed, to determine if dutasteride decreased the likelihood of "for cause" biopsy compared to "not for cause" biopsy, and if there is a difference in cancer detection risk rate depending on cause vs. no cause in that group compared to placebo.
Early Detection of Cancer
|Study Design:||Time Perspective: Retrospective|
|Official Title:||Determining the Likelihood of Prostate Cancer Detection in Men Taking Dutasteride When Biopsy is Performed 'for Cause'.|
- Cancer detection risk among the groups in the "for cause" context [ Time Frame: 4 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Determination of differences in cancer detection risk rate depending on cause vs no cause in that group compared to placebo
- Dutasteride as a key factor in the likelihood of "for cause" biopsy [ Time Frame: 4 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Determination of dutasteride as an item in decreasing the likelihood of "for cause" biopsy compared to "not for cause" biopsy
|Study Start Date:||February 2012|
|Study Completion Date:||February 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Subjects have to meet the following criteria:
Patients on placebo treatment that meet the following criteria:
Subjects in the dutasteride treatment group who did not meet any of the 4 dutasteride criteria (ie, dutasteride subjects not in Group 1e).
Subjects in the placebo treatment group who did not meet any of the 7 placebo criteria (ie, placebo subjects not in Group 2h).
Purpose: Determining the likelihood of prostate cancer detection in men taking dutasteride when biopsy is performed 'for cause'.
Population: The population of interest is the REDUCE Biopsied population, that is, all subjects in the Efficacy population who have at least one post-baseline biopsy reviewed by the Central Pathology Laboratory.
Analyses: Initial interest will be focused on data from the Year 1-2 time period, to avoid the potential effect of the cancer diagnoses from the Year 2 scheduled biopsies on the assessments utilized in the "for cause" definitions. Only PSA data from Years 1-2 and baseline will be utilized in the computation of the various PSA metrics, and only Central Pathology results from Years 1-2 will be utilized to establish post-baseline diagnoses. PSA values on or within 42 days after date of biopsy will be excluded from the analyses, to avoid potential effects of biopsy on the PSA value.
For each of the 4 groups of subjects, the following will be summarized: number of subjects meeting the corresponding criteria, number and % of subjects diagnosed with prostate cancer, number and % of such subjects diagnosed with Gleason 7-10, and number and % of subjects diagnosed with either prostate cancer, HGPIN or ASAP. Summaries of the numbers of subjects meeting each of the specific criteria for group 1 (a through e) and Group 2 (a through h) will be provided.
In addition, summaries investigating the effect of baseline variables (such as age, family history of prostate cancer, prostate volume, percent free PSA, number of cores at the entry biopsy) on the occurrence of prostate cancer diagnoses and Gleason 7-10 diagnoses may be developed.
|United States, Ohio|
|Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195|
|Principal Investigator:||Stephen Jones, MD||The Cleveland Clinic|