Outcome Predictors of a Cognitive Intervention in aMCI (OutPreC MCI)
Cognitive training has been shown to be successful in patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), a group at high-risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Moreover, in a randomized controlled trial, the investigators recently found that aMCI patients receiving a cognitive intervention showed stable hypometabolism in FDG-PET, whereas patients in an active control group showed pronounced hypometabolism on follow-up scans in regions typically affected in AD.
Previous studies indicate that not all patients respond equally well to a cognitive intervention. Identifying factors that predict response to treatment could help selecting patients for a targeted intervention. A potentially important predictor is cognitive reserve defined as premorbid cognitive performance. The hypothesis is that different levels of cognitive reserve (high cognitive reserve vs. low cognitive reserve) have different neurostructural and neurofunctional correlates and influence treatment response in a different way. Moreover, the impact of white matter lesions on treatment effects will be investigated.
The investigator will perform a complex cognitive training program. Forty patients with aMCI (20 with high cognitive reserve, 20 with low cognitive reserve) will be recruited in this study. Since the patients are recruited consecutively, an estimated overall number of 80 will be included and receive the training of whom about 40 will meet the inclusion criteria for our cognitive-reserve-study (high or low cognitive reserve). Data of the whole group will be used to analyze the potential impact of white matter lesions on response to the intervention. Cognitive effects of the intervention will be evaluated by neuropsychological testing. Neurofunctional and neurostructural changes depending on cognitive reserve will be measured using resting state fMRI and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI).
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Outcome Predictors of a Complex Cognitive Intervention in Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (aMCI)|
- Change in California Verbal Learning Test [ Time Frame: month 0 and month 6 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Change in overall cognition (ADAScog) [ Time Frame: month 0 and month 6 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Change in appraisal of quality of life (SF-36) [ Time Frame: month 0 and 6 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Change in neurofunctional MRT (resting state fMRI) [ Time Frame: month 0 and 6 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Change in depression scores (Beck Depression Inventory) [ Time Frame: month 0 and month 6 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Change in working memory (Digit Span) [ Time Frame: month 0 and month 6 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Change in attention (Trail Making Test) [ Time Frame: month 0 and month 6 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Change in executive functions (Stroop Test) [ Time Frame: month 0 and month 6 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Change in neurostructural MRI (diffusion tensor imaging) [ Time Frame: month 0 and month 6 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||September 2010|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||September 2012|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||September 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Experimental: cognitive intervention||
Behavioral: cognitive intervention
Complex modular cognitive intervention focussing on memory aspects (e.g. internal memory strategies, external memory aids), other cognitive functions (e.g. attention) as well as social interactions.
|Contact: Katharina Buerger, MD||+49 89 7095 email@example.com|
|Institute for Stroke and Dementia Research, Campus Grosshadern, Ludwig-Maximilian University||Recruiting|
|Munich, Germany, 81377|
|Contact: Martin Dichgans, MD +49 89 7095 7801 firstname.lastname@example.org|