Auto-trilevel Ventilator for Patients With Overlap Syndrome
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are two diseases that often coexist and are called overlap syndrome(OS). Compared to single OSAS, OS patients are more susceptible to serious hypoxia and hypercapnia especially during sleep, and are much more likely to result in pulmonary hypertension and cor-pulmonal.
With a more flexible expiratory positive airway pressure (EPAP), auto-trilevel ventilation may be superior to fixed bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP) ventilation in both removing residual obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea events and correcting hypercapnia simultaneously. The overall purpose of this study is to compare the curative effects between fixed BiPAP and auto-trilevel ventilations on OS patients.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Effect of Auto-Trilevel Ventilation on Patients With Overlap Syndrome|
- different effects between BiPAP and auto-Trilevel ventilators on OS [ Time Frame: Participants will be observed for the duration of hospital stay, an expected average of 1 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The overall purpose of this study is to determine the effects of auto-Trilevel ventilation on patients with overlap syndrome by comparison with BiPAP ventilation. The following parameters are compared such as apnea hypopnea index, lowest SPO2, arousal index, sleep efficiency, PaCO2, daytime sleepiness and so on.
|Study Start Date:||August 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
The comparison of the curative effect on OS between BiPAP and auto-trilevel ventilations
Device: BiPAP ventilation, auto-trilevel ventilation
Noninvasive ventilation including fixed BiPAP ventilation and auto-trilevel ventilation. Using the same IPAP, treatment include one night with BiPAP ventilation mode 1, one night with BiPAP ventilation mode 2 and one night with auto-trilevel ventilation mode. Each treatment last 8 hours for each night.
The contradiction in treatment for overlap syndrome is how to improve hypercapnia because of narrower difference between inspiratory positive airway pressure (IPAP) and expiratory positive airway pressure (EPAP), and meanwhile to eliminate apnea and popnea events which may easily occur at the end of expiration For ordinary Bipap ventilator. If the IPAP is set to higher, the patients may feel discomfort, if the pressure difference between IPAP and EPAP is too narrow or the expiratory positive airway pressure (EPAP) too high, hypercapnia may occur. If the EPAP is too low, redusual apnea and hypopnea event may become common.
Auto-trilevel ventilation, with a lower airway pressure at the beginning of expiration to prevent hypercapnia and a higher airway pressure at the end of expiration to prevent residual apnea events, should be able to provide a novel ventilation mode with a higher efficacy and lower average airway pressure for overlap syndrome. To prove the hypothesis, comparison is made between ordinary BiPAP and auto-Trilevel ventilation modes during treatment for patients with overlap syndrome.
In this study, the investigators compare the changes of related indexes including apnea hypopnea index、minimal pulse oxygen saturation、arousal index, sleep quality,PaCO2 and sleepiness scores) before and on treatment. Meanwhile, curative effects will be compared between BiPAP and auto-Trilevel ventilation modes. The investigators will analyze the changes and then confirm our hypothesis.
|The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University|
|Nanjing, Jiangsu, China|
|Study Director:||xilong zhang, MD||The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University|