Photonic Needle and Paravertebral Space Detection (OTS-PS)
For effective anesthesia and interventional pain treatments, correct needle placement is crucial. Currently used methods to guide needle placement and confirm the actual treatment location before injection of the medication include: image-guidance, loss-of-resistance, and electrical stimulation. However, accuracy of needle placement could be improved if information would be available that would complement the current methods. We have developed the so-called "photonic needle" technology based on optical spectroscopy that has the potential to provide such complementary information.
This study is an observational study in a limited number of patients. A common ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia procedure has been selected, during which data will be acquired with the photonic needles at a number of points along the needle trajectory that allow for confirmation by imaging.
Rationale for this study is to investigate the potential of the technology to discriminate tissues that are relevant to distinguish during the procedure.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
|Official Title:||Optical Tissue Stylet (OTS) - Descriptive Observational Study Into Paravertebral Space (PS) Detection in Humans|
- Identification of the thoracic paravertebral space [ Time Frame: Day 0 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Statistical analysis of the difference between diffuse reflectance spectra obtained at non-paravertebral and paravertebral measurement locations
|Study Start Date:||January 2012|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
patients scheduled for elective unilateral thoracic surgery under paravertebral block and general anesthesia
Procedure: thoracic surgery
unilateral thoracic surgery under paravertebral block and general anesthesia
The primary objective of the trial is to investigate if the photonic needle technology can reliably identify the thoracic paravertebral space. Diffuse reflectance spectra will be acquired during needle advancement, with custom-made needle stylets that contain optical fibers.
Main study parameters are:
- Successfully acquired diffuse reflectance spectra obtained in the thoracic paravertebral space, and spectra obtained during needle advancement.
- Confirmation of sonographic thoracic paravertebral localization, defined as tissue imaging in all locations of the needle where the diffuse reflectance spectra have been collected .
- Recordings of reaction to a small test dose of lidocaine 2% with epinephrine 1:200.000 at target position for regional anesthesia (to exclude vascular localization of the needle)
- "certainty score" on a 3-point scale (1 = uncertain, 2 = certain, 3 = very certain) provided by the physician for assignment of the type of tissue present at the needle tip, based on the information available from imaging and/or aspiration and/or reaction to a small injection of epinephrineOther study parameters
The endpoint of the study is a statistical analysis of the difference between diffuse reflectance spectra obtained at non-paravertebral and paravertebral measurement locations.
|Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre|
|Nijmegen, Netherlands, 6525 GA|
|Principal Investigator:||Gert-Jan Scheffer, PhD, MD||Radboud University|