A Pragmatic Trial of the Effect of a Mailed Patient Flyer About Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Testing Prior to an Annual Exam
- Does a one-page American College of Physicians educational flyer about the pros and cons of prostate cancer screening sent to men within two weeks of their scheduled annual health examinations in a general medicine clinic result in a different rate of prostate cancer screening than among men who were not sent the flyer?
- Do patients find the flyer useful and understandable?
Context: The use of prostate specific antigen (PSA) screening for prostate cancer is controversial because of a lack of evidence that such screening saves lives when applied within a population and because such testing can lead to invasive downstream biopsies and aggressive treatment that is associated with a high risk of permanent side effects (e.g. impotence, incontinence). Almost all professional societies (American Cancer Society, American Urologic Association, American College of Physicians, United States Preventive Services Task Force) advocate that patients receive education and complete an informed decision-making discussion with their medical providers about the pros and cons of the PSA test, as well as their personal preferences, before proceeding with this test. Unfortunately, despite these recommendations, there is seldom sufficient time during clinic visits to achieve this goal.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Screening
|Official Title:||A Pragmatic Randomized Trial of the Effect of a Mailed Patient Flyer About PSA Testing Prior to an Annual Exam|
- Rate of PSA testing [ Time Frame: At the time of the annual exam (within two weeks of their annual physical) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Rate of PSA testing will be determined by reviewing the chart of enrolled patients within two weeks of their annual physical
- Rate of documented PSA discussions [ Time Frame: At the time of the annual exam (within two weeks of their annual physical) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Rate of documented PSA discussions will be determined through chart review within two weeks of the annual physical.
- Flyer acceptability [ Time Frame: Within two weeks of the annual exam ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The acceptability of the flyer will be assessed through a follow-up phone interview of patients who had received the flyer.
- Perceived participation [ Time Frame: Within two weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Perceived participation will be assessed in a follow-up phone interview within two weeks of the annual physical using validated measures of particiption in decision making.
- Prostate Cancer Screening knowledge [ Time Frame: Within two weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Prostate cancer screening knowledge will be assessed using 5 knowledge questions surrounding PSA testing during a follow-up interview 2 weeks after the annual physical
|Study Start Date:||October 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||August 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||August 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Experimental: PSA flyer||
Other: PSA flyer
A mailed low-literacy informational patient flyer about the PSA test
|No Intervention: Control|