Assess the Safety and Efficacy of NKPL66 (CaPre™) in the Treatment of Mild-to-high Hypertriglyceridemia

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
JSS Medical Research Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Acasti Pharma Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01516151
First received: January 19, 2012
Last updated: January 7, 2014
Last verified: January 2014
  Purpose

To evaluate the efficacy of 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 and 4.0 g/ day of CaPre™ in reducing fasting plasma serum triglycerides over a four week period in patients with mild-to-high hypertriglyceridemia as compared to the standard of care alone.


Condition Intervention Phase
Hypertriglyceridemia
Dietary Supplement: CaPre™
Drug: Lipid Lowering Medication
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Open-label Dose-ranging, Multi-center Trial to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of NKPL66(CaPre™) in the Treatment of Mild-to-high Hypertriglyceridemia

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Acasti Pharma Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percent change in fasting blood circulating serum TGs [ Time Frame: Between baseline and 4 weeks of treatment. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The percent change in fasting blood circulating serum TGs between baseline and 4 weeks of treatment.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Absolute change in fasting plasma TGs [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 4 and Week 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Absolute change in fasting plasma TGs;

  • Patients achieving target TG fasting plasma levels [ Time Frame: Baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage (%) of patients achieving target TG fasting plasma levels (TG<1.7 mmol/L);

  • Change in fasting plasma LDL-C, VLDL-C, HDL-C, total cholesterol, hs-CRP and non-HDL [ Time Frame: Between baseline and 4 and 8 weeks of treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Absolute change in fasting plasma LDL-C, VLDL-C, HDL-C, total cholesterol, hs-CRP and non-HDL

  • Change in fasting plasma concentrations of LDL-C, VLDL-C, HDL-C, total cholesterol, hs-CRP and non-HDL [ Time Frame: Between baseline and 4 and 8 weeks of treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage (%) change in fasting plasma concentrations of LDL-C, VLDL-C, HDL-C, total cholesterol, hs-CRP and non-HDL;

  • Calculated ratios [ Time Frame: The percent change in fasting blood circulating serum TGs Between baseline and 4 and 8 weeks of treatment. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Calculated Ratios:

    1. Total cholesterol : HDL-C
    2. LDL-C : HDL-C
    3. TGs : HDL-C

  • Change in fasting plasma concentrations of biomarkers [ Time Frame: Between baseline and 4 and 8 weeks of treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Absolute and percent (%) change in fasting plasma concentrations of biomarkers;

    1. Glycated Hemoglobin (HbA1c)
    2. Glucose
    3. Creatinine phosphokinase (CPK)


Enrollment: 289
Study Start Date: December 2011
Study Completion Date: September 2013
Primary Completion Date: May 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Group A
0.5g total CaPre™ from baseline to week 4 and 1.0g total CaPre™ from week 4 to week 8
Dietary Supplement: CaPre™
1 capsule of 0.5g total CaPre™ for 4 weeks followed by one 1.0g capsule per day for an additional 4 weeks
Dietary Supplement: CaPre™
1 capsule of 1.0g total CaPre™ for 4 weeks followed by two 1.0g capsules per day for an additional 4 weeks
Dietary Supplement: CaPre™
2 capsules of 1.0g total CaPre™ for 4 weeks followed by 4 capsules of 1.0g total per day for an additional 4 weeks.
Dietary Supplement: CaPre™
4 capsules of 1 g total per day for 8 weeks.
Active Comparator: Group B
1.0g total CaPre™ from baseline to week 4 and 2.0g total CaPre™ from week 4 to week
Dietary Supplement: CaPre™
1 capsule of 0.5g total CaPre™ for 4 weeks followed by one 1.0g capsule per day for an additional 4 weeks
Dietary Supplement: CaPre™
1 capsule of 1.0g total CaPre™ for 4 weeks followed by two 1.0g capsules per day for an additional 4 weeks
Dietary Supplement: CaPre™
2 capsules of 1.0g total CaPre™ for 4 weeks followed by 4 capsules of 1.0g total per day for an additional 4 weeks.
Dietary Supplement: CaPre™
4 capsules of 1 g total per day for 8 weeks.
Active Comparator: Group C
2.0g total CaPre™ from baseline to week 4 and 4.0g total CaPre™ from week 4 to week 8
Dietary Supplement: CaPre™
1 capsule of 0.5g total CaPre™ for 4 weeks followed by one 1.0g capsule per day for an additional 4 weeks
Dietary Supplement: CaPre™
1 capsule of 1.0g total CaPre™ for 4 weeks followed by two 1.0g capsules per day for an additional 4 weeks
Dietary Supplement: CaPre™
2 capsules of 1.0g total CaPre™ for 4 weeks followed by 4 capsules of 1.0g total per day for an additional 4 weeks.
Dietary Supplement: CaPre™
4 capsules of 1 g total per day for 8 weeks.
Group D
Standard of care
Drug: Lipid Lowering Medication
Patient will be treated as per the Standard of care.
Active Comparator: Group E
4.0g total CaPre™ from baseline to week 8
Dietary Supplement: CaPre™
1 capsule of 0.5g total CaPre™ for 4 weeks followed by one 1.0g capsule per day for an additional 4 weeks
Dietary Supplement: CaPre™
1 capsule of 1.0g total CaPre™ for 4 weeks followed by two 1.0g capsules per day for an additional 4 weeks
Dietary Supplement: CaPre™
2 capsules of 1.0g total CaPre™ for 4 weeks followed by 4 capsules of 1.0g total per day for an additional 4 weeks.
Dietary Supplement: CaPre™
4 capsules of 1 g total per day for 8 weeks.

Detailed Description:

The data generated from preclinical studies, as well as data accumulated from preclinical and clinical studies conducted with the precursor of CaPre™, NKO® , a natural health product (NPN: 80006416), have shown that CaPre™ is a safe product and well tolerated. In addition, there are preclinical data demonstrating that CaPre™ is effective in reducing circulating plasma concentrations of triglycerides. This effect is also accompanied by the regulation of other blood lipids, glucose tolerance and inflammatory biomarkers. These studies have been conducted in several preclinical adult phenotypes: (1) Healthy Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats, (2) obese and dyslipidemic Zucker Diabetic Fatty (ZDF) rats and(3-5) in three distinct murine phenotypes (normal wild-type C57BL/6, human ApoA-I transgenic mice and homozygous LDL-receptor knockout).

As the prevalence of cardiometabolic disorders progressively increase over the years, it is expected that there will be an augmentation in the necessity for new anti-dyslipidemic medications that can most importantly be added in combination to other treatments. Current treatment methods address a specific target indication, but do not offer complete management of dyslipidemia.

We are now left with the option to either inadequately treat patients suffering from cardiovascular and metabolic disorders or, to prescribe combination treatments hoping to address the risk factors while mitigating their known side effects. A treatment gap exists since there is no medication that increases HDL-cholesterol and reduces triglycerides while reducing LDL-cholesterol without side effects.

At present there is a need to assess the effectiveness of CaPre™ in reducing triglycerides in patients with high hypertriglyceridemia. The current study will address these issues and will generate the evidence that will be required to determine whether this product could be effectively used in the clinical management of this patient population.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male and female adults aged 18 to 75 years;
  • Fasting plasma levels of TG > 2.28 and < 10 mmol/L (200 and 877 mg/dL) on two occasions within 2 weeks (screening and baseline/part 1 visits).
  • Patients who are currently not on pharmacotherapy for hyperlipidemia and according to the judgement of the physician and Canadian Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Dyslipidemia initiation of drug therapy is not indicated for the duration of the study.

OR

  • Patients currently treated with statins and according to the judgement of the physician and the Canadian Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Dyslipidemia a change in their current drug regimen is not indicated for the duration of the study.
  • Patients treated with statin must be on stable dose for at least 6 weeks prior to screening;
  • Patients are willing to follow the NCEP Step 1 Diet (see Appendix 4) for the duration of the study;
  • Female participants of childbearing potential (i.e. not surgically sterilized or post-menopausal greater than one year) must have negative serum pregnancy test and must be using an effective birth control method, defined as:

    • continuous use of oral or long acting injected contraceptive for at least 2 months prior to study entry, or;
    • use of an intra-uterine device or implantable contraceptive, or;
    • use of double barrier methods of birth control

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any concomitant medication which in the opinion of the investigator would preclude the patient from successfully participating in the study;
  • Women who are pregnant or that are breast feeding;
  • Participation in another clinical trial within 30 days from initiation of the study;
  • Participants with a high risk for cardiovascular disease; (The definition of high-risk individuals will follow that of the 2009 Canadian Guidelines and include a) FRS >= 20% 10-year risk; b) All patients with uncontrolled diabetes (DCA guidelines) and c) Evidence of atherosclerosis -when this evidence was ascertained when clinically indicated);
  • Systolic blood pressure > 140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure > 90 mmHg. In diabetic patients, systolic blood pressure > 130 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure > 90 mmHg.
  • History of stroke, intermittent claudication or transient ischemic attack;
  • Known unstable (uncontrolled) cardiac disease, within the last 6 months:
  • Patient with a clinically significant abnormal ECG at screening.
  • Patients with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, with HbA1c > 7.0%;
  • Known diagnosis of hypoglycemia
  • Evidence of active renal disease indicated by a fasting estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of < 60 ml/min per 1.73 m2;
  • Increased plasma levels (>ULN) of amylase (as per respective lab upper limits) and / or lipase (>160 IU/L) or any indication of pancreatitis (increased alcohol consumption, gallstones);
  • History of pancreatitis;
  • Use of any lipid lowering medication other than statins (e.g niacin, fibrates or ezetimibe) and/or lipid lowering NHP within 6 weeks prior to the screening visit;
  • Intake of > 2 servings per week of fish or regimented use of fish oil/omega-3 supplements within 6 weeks prior to the screening visit;
  • Intake of fortified foods containing plant sterols within 6 weeks prior to the screening visit;
  • Known HIV or Hepatitis B or C positive;
  • Patients with osteoporosis and hormone sensitive conditions;
  • Patients with uncontrolled asthma as defined by the 2010 Consensus Summary of the Canadian Thoracic Society;
  • Known seafood allergy or allergy to any of the medicinal or non-medicinal ingredients of the study medication, including:

    • Omega-3 fatty acids (including EPA and DHA)
    • Phospholipids (mainly phosphatidylcholine)
    • Astaxanthin
    • Bovine gelatin
  • Coagulopathy or on anticoagulants. Platelet aggregation inhibitors (such as aspirin or clopidogrel but not heparin) are permitted in the study; patients taking both aspirin and clopidogrel are not permitted in the study;
  • Unable or unwilling to comply with the protocol;
  • Patient reported weight must be stable for the past 6 months (within 3kg variation);
  • Consumption of more than 14 standard alcoholic drinks a week.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01516151

  Show 38 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Acasti Pharma Inc.
JSS Medical Research Inc.
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Robert Dufour, M.D. Institut de Recherches Cliniques de Montreal
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Acasti Pharma Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01516151     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PRT-API-NKPL66-CT-PIIB
Study First Received: January 19, 2012
Last Updated: January 7, 2014
Health Authority: Canada: Health Canada

Keywords provided by Acasti Pharma Inc.:
Hypertriglyceridemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hypertriglyceridemia
Hyperlipidemias
Dyslipidemias
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 20, 2014