Inflammatory Response Following Intraarticular Fracture (PTOA)
The purpose of the study is to investigate a relationship between the inflammatory response following intraarticular fracture and post-traumatic osteoarthritis. The investigators plan to evaluate the inflammatory cytokine profile in knee joint synovial fluid and blood serum in patients who sustain an intraarticular tibial plateau fracture and ankle joint synovial fluid and blood serum in patients who sustain an intraarticular tibial plafond fracture. This information will be combined with radiographs and patient outcome measures to determine a correlation between intraarticular inflammatory response and post-traumatic osteoarthritis.
Intraarticular Fracture and Post-traumatic Osteoarthritis
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Inflammatory Response Following Intraarticular Fracture|
- Post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Compare mean concentrations of inflammatory cytokines profiles between each patients' injured and uninjured joints.
Biospecimen Retention: Samples Without DNA
Synovial fluid and blood serum
|Study Start Date:||December 2011|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2014|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
tibial plateau or plafond fracture
Tibial plateau or plafond fracture based on radiographs and/or CT scan will have synovial fluid aspirated from both the injured and uninjured joints in either the operating room if a procedure is planned for within 24 hours or in the emergency department. While the patient is under anesthesia in the operating room, the investigators will obtain blood samples.
Post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) is a common cause of disability following a traumatic event involving a joint. It is estimated that PTOA may affect up to 12% of the population with symptomatic osteoarthritis, and it is associated with significant cost to the healthcare system. Given that the majority of trauma patients are younger, the impact of the condition can be particularly devastating for those in the prime of their working careers.
PTOA can develop following a variety of joint injuries, but it most predictably occurs with articular fracture. The initial traumatic injury involves a complex process of articular impaction or displacement and soft tissue disruption that leads to articular exposure to blood and marrow, a local inflammatory response, abnormal joint loading, and subsequent chondrocyte necrosis and apoptosis. However, the mechanism(s) that lead to progression from the initial injury to end-stage PTOA are largely unknown.
Inflammation can have deleterious effects on a joint. Though inflammatory cytokines have been shown to stimulate bone repair through osteoclastogenesis and recruitment of osteoblastic cells, multiple studies have demonstrated that these cytokines play a role in cartilage degradation. Increased IL-1 and TNF-a expression has been found in the cartilage of patients with osteoarthritis, and these cytokines are transiently increased after traumatic injury. Other matrix molecules including matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 and cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) can be persistently elevated in synovial fluid after ACL injury.
The effect of the initial inflammatory response after intraarticular fracture on the development of PTOA remains unknown. Several authors have found elevated levels of cytokines in joints affected by trauma. However, these studies evaluated patients following an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. An intraarticular fracture likely subjects the joint to more of an inflammatory response and may place the joint at greater risk for developing osteoarthritis. There are currently no studies that link elevated levels of the inflammatory cytokines and chemokines in the setting of intraarticular trauma with PTOA. Investigating the cytokine profile in a joint immediately following intraarticular injury could lead to early targeted drug therapy with cytokine inhibitors to modify the progression of PTOA.
|Contact: Nousheen Alastiemail@example.com|
|United States, Utah|
|University of Utah Orthopedics||Recruiting|
|Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84112|
|Contact: Nousheen Alasti 801-587-5488 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator: Thomas Higgins, MD|
|Principal Investigator:||Thomas Higgins, MD||University of Utah Orthopedics|