WR 279, 396 Open Label Treatment Protocol in Tunisia
The U.S. Army has recently completed a Phase 3 clinical trial in Tunisia. This is an open-label single site trial designed to expand our safety database and capture additional efficacy (final clinical cure rate of an index lesion) of WR 279,396 Topical Cream in Tunisian subjects with non-complicated, non-severe Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL). Subjects will be patients who visit Ministry of Health sponsored clinics in Tunisia who present with at least one CL lesion that is ulcerated and amenable to topical treatment. Potential trial subjects will be consented and screened for eligibility including medical history, physical exam, lesion parasitology, and renal and liver function tests. If eligible for the study, subjects will receive WR 279,396 (15% paromomycin + 0.5% gentamicin topical cream) (target n = 110). The cream will be applied topically to all CL lesions once daily for 20 days by an investigator or study nurse. If a subject develops a new lesion during the study, the new lesion may also be treated with the topical cream.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Open-label Treatment of Non-complicated, Non-severe, Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Tunisia With WR 279,396 (Paromomycin + Gentamicin Topical Cream) )|
- Final clinical cure rate for the index lesion [ Time Frame: Final clincial cure is measured at day 98 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Number of index lesions with 100% reepithelialization at Day 98 divided by the total number of index lesions that received any treatment.
- Number of participants with adverse events as a measure of safety and tolerability [ Time Frame: Adverse events graded 1-4 captured during treatment day 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18 ,19 and 20; also on follow up day 28 +/-, 42+/- 4 and 98 +/- 8 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]Safety endpoints include all AEs including application site reactions graded 1-4 as per the predefined toxicity grading scale in the protocol.
- Lesion healing characteristics [ Time Frame: Measured at day 28, 42, and 98 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Area of index lesion at each measurement time point.
- Lesion healing characteristics-early reepithelialization [ Time Frame: Measured at day 28, 42 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Proportion of index lesions with 100% reepithelialization at Days 28 and 42.
- Lesion Healing Characteristics [ Time Frame: Measured at day 28, 42 and 98 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Area of all ulcerated lesions at each measurement time point.
- Lesion Healing characteristics [ Time Frame: Measured at day 98 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Final cure rate for all ulcerated lesions (100% reepithelialization for ulcerative lesions) at Day 98
- Lesion healing characteristics [ Time Frame: Measured at day 98 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Loss of all lesion activity for non-ulcerative lesions at Day 98
|Study Start Date:||December 2011|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||November 2013|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||August 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
120 subjects will be enrolled to this open label study to receive WR 279,396 topical cream
Drug: WR 279,396 topical cream
WR 279,396 is a topical antibiotic cream containing paromomycin and gentamicin that will be applied to each lesion once a day for 20 days and covered with a sterile gauze and tape dressing.
Subjects will have an in-clinic follow-up on Days 28 +/- 2 days, 42 +/- 4 days and 98 +/- 8 days to assess safety and cure rates. Safety variables including adverse events (AEs) and serious adverse events (SAEs) will be collected through Day 98. For the primary efficacy evaluation, the index ulcerative lesion will be assessed for clinical response by measurement of the length and width of area of ulceration. All other treated lesions will also be assessed for cure as secondary efficacy endpoints with ulcerated and non-ulcerated lesions being evaluated independently. An ulcerated lesion will be considered to be completely cured if 100% reepithelialization is observed. The length and width of non-ulcerated lesions (nodules, plaques) will also be measured and evaluated for cure (ie, absence of signs of an active lesion). The primary efficacy endpoint is the final clinical cure rate calculated by the number of index lesions that had 100% reepithelialization at Day 98 divided by the total number of index lesions that received at least one topical treatment of WR 279,396.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01494350
|Central Clinic-Sidi Bouzid|
|Principal Investigator:||Afif Ben Salah, M.D., Ph.D.||Institute Pasteur Tunisia|