Integrated Diagnostics Characterization of Right Ventricular Diastolic Flow Dynamics in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a condition in which high blood pressure develops in the lungs and right side of the heart. People with PH suffer from shortness of breath, chest pain, heart failure, heart rhythm problems, and fainting. PH is diagnosed using a test called a cardiac catheterization where blood pressure is measured directly using a tube placed in the right side of the heart and lung arteries. Because a cardiac catheterization is invasive, researchers are investigating ways to diagnose PH using imaging tests that are not invasive. The study will evaluate whether or not a magnetic resonance image (MRI) of the heart, and blood tests can detect PH.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
|Official Title:||Integrated Diagnostics Characterization of Right Ventricular Diastolic Flow Dynamics in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension|
- Correlation between RV diastolic function and vorticity [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
Biospecimen Retention: Samples Without DNA
|Study Start Date:||November 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Previous diagnosis of PH by right heart catheterization
Healthy controls without lung/heart conditions
The adaptive changes that result from chronic pressure overload in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) lead to myocardial hypertrophy, stiffening, and right ventricular diastolic dysfunction (RVDD). A growing body of evidence has identified RVDD as an important prognostic indicator for PAH.1 Diagnosis of RVDD relies upon 1) elevated brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), which correctly identifies RVDD in the PAH population but remains a nonspecific marker, and 2) echocardiography, as defined by reduced early (E') tricuspid annular velocity, elevated ratio of early filling tricuspid inflow peak velocity to E' (E/E'), and prolonged relaxation time (RT). 2 However, the right ventricle's unusual anatomy and susceptibility to altered loading conditions have raised questions about the ability of echo indices to accurately reflect complex diastolic mechanics. The development of a robust non-invasive application for RV diastolic assessment may improve the understanding, diagnosis, and management of RVDD and therefore PAH.
Similar to the left ventricle, rheological analysis of right ventricular inflow in canine models has identified the formation of diastolic vortex rings.3 Vortex rings develop from high velocity diastolic jet emanating from the valvular annulus interacting with stationary blood in the ventricle. Vortex ring formation time has successfully identified left ventricular diastolic dysfunction.4 Numerous additional vortex properties exist, including depth, transverse position, length, width, and sphericity index, that offer novel and robust diastolic flow characterization with the potential incremental diagnostic value to existing echo parameters. Vortex formation and analysis in RVDD has yet to be studied.
Vortex measurement can be performed using dimensional (4D) (time-resolved three-dimensional) cardiac MRI (CMR). 4D CMR captures the complex multidirectional nature of flow through volumetric rendering of fluid vectors and velocity using blood flow streamlines and particle traces. In contrast to echocardiography, 4D CMR is not limited by poor acoustic windows commonly seen in patients with respiratory disease and PAH, making it an ideal noninvasive modality for vortex characterization.
The biological adaptations resulting from chronic pressure overload in PAH might be correlated to the blood levels of different categories of biomarkers. They might play a role in the screening, diagnosis, monitoring or prognosis of patients with PAH and RVDD. Special mention can be made to the natriuretic peptides (BNP, NT-proBNP) based on their clinical value as hemodynamic markers in congestive heart failure. Cardiac markers of necrosis (asTroponin-I, and particularly the high sensitivity assays) might identify even minimal areas with such myocardial cell damage. The biological evaluation of cardiac fibrosis, might be assessed by markers of fibrosis, as Hyaluronic acid (HA), Procollagen III amino terminal peptide (PIIINP) and Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1). The potential role of the inflammatory component, can be evaluated with MPO (myeloperoxidase, pro-inflammatory enzyme), IL-6 (pro-inflammatory cytokine), C-RP (C-reactive protein)
The present study aims to:
- Characterize and quantify RV vortex flow in normal subjects and PAH subjects with RVDD
- Assess the feasibility of 4D CMR right ventricular diastolic vortex analysis for diagnosis of RVDD Hypothesis: 4D CMR vortex analysis accurately identifies RVDD, and the information provided by biomarkers helps by adding diagnostic information.
|United States, Colorado|
|National Jewish Health|
|Denver, Colorado, United States, 80206|
|Principal Investigator:||Brett Fenster, MD, FACC, FACP||National Jewish Health|