Thyroxin Treatment in Sub Clinical Hypothyroidism, on the Apnea Hypopnea Index Score, Lipids and Highly Sensitive CRP

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified December 2011 by King Saud University.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Anwar Ali Jammah, King Saud University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01486667
First received: December 3, 2011
Last updated: December 6, 2011
Last verified: December 2011
  Purpose

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and hypothyroidism are both commonly found in clinical practice, and share a number of symptoms and clinical features. It has been shown that hypothyroid subjects are at high risk of developing sleep disorder breathing and OSA, and adequate thyroxine treatment may reduce the sleep disordered breathing.. However, the time-course and effect of treating subclinical hypothyroidism in OSA patients on the respiratory events during sleep is not known.

Subclinical hypothyroidism is associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Dyslipidemia is a known complications of subclinical hypothyroidism and the effect of thyroxine treatment on lipid profile is controversial . Some reports suggested higher serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), than healthy subjects; however, the effect of levothyroxine is controversial.

This project will help us to know if the treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism will improve the symptoms and reduce the progression of OSA, which may improve patients' quality of life by reducing the complication of OSA (hypertension, , depression, Cardiovascular diseases, etc.) or may even reduce mortality.It will help us to know the effect of subclinical hypothyroidism treatment on of lipid profiles and hs-CRP.


Condition Intervention Phase
Dyslipidemia
Drug: levothyroxine
Drug: sugar pill
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effect of Thyroxin Treatment in Sub Clinical Hypothyroidism Patients, on the Apnea Hypopnea Index Score, Lipid Profiles and Highly Sensitive CRP : A Randomized Double Blind Controlled Trial

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by King Saud University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Effect of the treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism on the apnea hypopnea index (AHI) score. [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Effect of the treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism on the lipid profile in patient with dyslipidemia and on hs-CRP [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Estimated Enrollment: 200
Study Start Date: October 2011
Estimated Primary Completion Date: October 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: sugar pill Drug: sugar pill
Eligible patients will be randomized and be given 25 mcg of levothyroxine or identical placebo tablet at the beginning of the enrollment. The dosage of drug will subsequently be individualized for each patients according to Serum levels of TSH and FT4 which will be checked initially and then every 6 weeks until the end of the study. The investigators will attempt to maintain TSH levels between (0.25-2.5) mU/l which is the lower half of normal range by adding or reducing the dose of medication. Advice given to patient regarding whether to increase or decrease the dose of medications will be based on patient TSH level according to study protocol.
Active Comparator: Levothyroxine
Eligible patients will be randomized and be given 25 mcg of levothyroxine or identical placebo tablet at the beginning of the enrollment. The dosage of levothyroxine will subsequently be individualized for each patients. Serum levels of TSH and FT4 will be checked initially and then every 6 weeks until the end of the study. The investigators will attempt to maintain TSH levels between (0.25-2.5) mU/l which is the lower half of normal range. Advice given to patient regarding whether to increase or decrease the dose of medications will be based on patient TSH level according to study protocol.
Drug: levothyroxine
Eligible patients will be randomized and be given 25 mcg of levothyroxine or identical placebo tablet at the beginning of the enrollment. The dosage of levothyroxine will subsequently be individualized for each patients according to Serum levels of TSH and FT4 which will be checked initially and then every 6 weeks until the end of the study. The investigators will attempt to maintain TSH levels between (0.25-2.5) mU/l which is the lower half of normal range by adding or reducing the dose of levothyroxine. Advice given to patient regarding whether to increase or decrease the dose of medications will be based on patient TSH level according to study protocol.

Detailed Description:

Research Problem:

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and hypothyroidism are both commonly found in clinical practice, and share a number of symptoms and clinical features. It has been shown that hypothyroid subjects are at high risk of developing sleep disorder breathing and OSA, and adequate thyroxine treatment may reduce the sleep disordered breathing.. However, the time-course and effect of treating subclinical hypothyroidism in OSA patients on the respiratory events during sleep is not known.

Subclinical hypothyroidism is associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Dyslipidemia is a known complications of subclinical hypothyroidism (2)and the effect of thyroxine treatment on lipid profile is controversial . Some reports suggested higher serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), than healthy subjects ; however, the effect of levothyroxine is controversial .

Research Significance:

This project will help us to know if the treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism will improve the symptoms and reduce the progression of OSA, which may improve patients' quality of life by reducing the complication of OSA (hypertension, , depression, Cardiovascular diseases, etc.) or may even reduce mortality.

It will help us to know the effect of subclinical hypothyroidism treatment on of lipid profiles and hs-CRP.

Research Objectives:

Primary objective:

• Effect of the treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism on the apnea hypopnea index (AHI) score.

Secondary objectives:

  • Effect of the treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism on the lipid profile in patient with dyslipidemia.
  • Effect of the treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism on hs-CRP

Research Methodology:

Patients with subclinical hypothyroidism will undergo first Polysomnography (PSG) (night 0) and laboratory investigations including lipid profiles and hc-CRP and then they will be enrolled and randomly assigned to receive either levothyroxine replacement therapy or identical placebo tablets in a blinded manner. The starting dose will be 25 mcg/day and the dose will be adjusted every 6 weeks to target TSH level between (0.25 -2.5 IU/mL). We will keep all patients on replacement dose for duration of 24 weeks. PSG will be performed twice only for OSA patient, after 12 weeks (night 1) and after 24 weeks (night 2). Lipid profile and hs-CRP will be done at the end of 24th weeks.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients >18 years old
  • With Subclinical hypothyroidism defined as serum TSH concentration above 5.0 IU/mL when serum FT4 level is within the reference range
  • With OSA defined as mild OSA: AHI 5 to 15/h; moderate OSA:AHI 15 to 30/h; and severe OSA: AHI greater than 30/h (30) will be enrolled.
  • With confirmed sustained subclinical hypothyroidism, thus excluding patients with a temporary condition such as that in recovery from a non-thyroidal illness, measurement of TSH and FT4 will be conducted within four weeks before randomization.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current treatment with Levothyroxine and lipid lowering medications or within two months before randomization.
  • Conditions known to cause dyslipidemia e.g. uncontrolled diabetes mellitus (HbA1c >9), alcoholism and some medication use e.g. Estrogens. Glucocorticoids, Retinoids or Interferons.
  • Conditions indicating levothyroxine treatment (34); including TSH levels more than 10 mU/l, clear symptoms or signs associated with thyroid failure and not related to OSA . e.g. goiter.
  • State of pregnancy, Breast feeding or allergy to levothyroxine.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01486667

Contacts
Contact: Anwar A Jammah, MD, FACP, FRCP (+966) 1 467-7555 drjammah@gmail.com
Contact: Reda A AboAlsaud, MD +966509662742 rectoroffice(@)ksu.edu.sa

Locations
Saudi Arabia
University Sleep Disorders Center Recruiting
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 11472
Contact: Anwar A Jammah, MD, FACP,FRCPC    (+966 1) 467-11784; 467-9179    drjammah@gmail.com   
Contact: Reda AboAlsoud, MD    +966509662742    usdc@ksu.edu.sa   
Sub-Investigator: Ahmed S BaHammam, FRCP, FCCP         
Principal Investigator: Anwar A Jammah, MD, FACP, FRCPC         
Sub-Investigator: Muneer S Muhammad         
Sponsors and Collaborators
King Saud University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Anwar Ali Jammah, ASSISTANT PROFESSOR & CONSULTANT IN MEDICINE, ENDOCRINOLOGY, DIABETES & THYROID ONCOLOGY, King Saud University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01486667     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: E-11-465
Study First Received: December 3, 2011
Last Updated: December 6, 2011
Health Authority: Saudi Arabia: Ethics Committee

Keywords provided by King Saud University:
focus of study instead

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hypothyroidism
Dyslipidemias
Thyroid Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 26, 2014