Safety Study of Eltrombopag Combined With Azacitidine to Treat Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) (NMDSG10A)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
GlaxoSmithKline
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Nordic MDS Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01481220
First received: November 17, 2011
Last updated: May 2, 2013
Last verified: May 2013
  Purpose

Patients with Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS) often suffer from low platelet levels which may lead to bleeding complications. Treatment with cytotoxic agents can decrease the platelet levels further. Eltrombopag is a relatively new drug that increases the platelet level in the blood by working directly on the bone marrow. It is available for treatment of the disease Immunological Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP). In this study patients with MDS and low platelet levels that are treated with the cytotoxic agent Azacitidine will also receive Eltrombopag. The administration of Eltrombopag to MDS patients treated with Azacitidine may result in less dose reductions and less treatment delays for Azacitidine and may reduce the need for thrombocyte transfusions and lower the risk of bleeding complications.

This is a phase I study, meaning that our major goal is to investigate the safety and tolerability for Eltrombopag in this patient group. It will also generate a basis for a phase II-III-study.


Condition Intervention Phase
Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Thrombocytopenia
Drug: Eltrombopag
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Phase I Dose Finding Safety Study of a Thrombopoietin-receptor Agonist, Eltrombopag, in Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndrome Treated With Azacitidine

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Nordic MDS Group:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety and tolerability parameters [ Time Frame: week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    Including:

    • Non-hematological clinical, laboratory Grade 3/Grade 4 toxicities
    • Change in bone marrow or peripheral blood blast counts from baseline
    • Adverse events and interactions at increasing doses of eltrombopag


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Azacitidine treatment delays and dose reductions [ Time Frame: week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Need for thrombocyte transfusions [ Time Frame: week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Bleeding complications [ Time Frame: week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Possible signs of antineoplastic effects (blood values and bone marrow picture) [ Time Frame: week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 12
Study Start Date: October 2011
Study Completion Date: May 2013
Primary Completion Date: May 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Azacitidine + Eltrombopag Drug: Eltrombopag
In this study 4 different doses of oral eltrombopag (50mg, 100mg, 200mg and 300mg) will be tested. A modified 3+3 patient cohorts design will be used so no new patients are accepted to start on a higher dose without prior tolerance at the previous dose. Patients will be given eltrombopag once daily starting one week before the start of azacitidine treatment and then continue throughout the study, which duration will be approximately 3 months (three Azacytidine cycles). Patients will be evaluated continuously by clinical and laboratory assessments as well as bone marrow examinations during the treatment period until 4 weeks after discontinuation of Eltrombopag. Response, AEs/SAEs and DLTs will be monitored throughout the study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Adult subjects (18 years of age or older) with advanced MDS or sAML/MDS requiring treatment with Azacitidine as approved by EMEA:

    • MDS classified as Intermediate 2-risk or high risk according to the international prognostic scoring system (IPSS) or
    • Chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML) with 10-29% bone marrow blasts without myeloproliferative disease or
    • Acute myeloblastic leukaemia (AML) with 20-30% bone marrow blasts with multilineage dysplasia according to the WHO classification.
  2. Platelet counts < 75 x 109 /L at start of Azacitidine treatment.
  3. Subjects must have platelet count and platelet transfusion data available over a period of 4 weeks prior to inclusion.
  4. During the 8 weeks prior to inclusion in study, subjects must have a baseline bone marrow examination including all of the following:

    • cytomorphology to confirm bone marrow blasts
    • cytogenetics
  5. ECOG Status 0-2.
  6. Subject is able to understand and comply with protocol requirements and instructions.
  7. Subject has signed and dated informed consent.
  8. Adequate baseline organ function defined by the criteria below:

    • total bilirubin (except for Gilbert's Syndrome) </= 1.5xULN
    • ALT and AST </= 3xULN
    • creatinine </= 2.5 xULN
  9. Subject is practicing an acceptable method of contraception (documented in CRF).Female subjects (or female partners of male subjects) must either be of non childbearing potential (hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral tubal ligation or post-menopausal > 1 year), or of childbearing potential and use 1 of the following highly effective methods of contraception (i.e., Pearl Index < 1.0%) from 2 weeks prior to administration of study medication, throughout the study, and 28 days after completion or premature discontinuation from the study:

    • Complete abstinence from intercourse;
    • Intrauterine device (IUD);
    • Two forms of barrier contraception (diaphragm plus spermicide, and for males condom plus spermicide);
    • Male partner is sterile prior to entry into the study and is the only partner of the female;
    • Systemic contraceptives (combined or progesterone only).

Exclusion criteria:

  1. Subjects with a diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia.
  2. Patients with short life expectancy (less than 3 months)
  3. Patients with bone marrow fibrosis that does not allow bone marrow aspiration (so-called "dry tap") or fibrosis grade II or III (grading according to European consensus on grading bone marrow fibrosis.
  4. History of treatment for cancer other than MDS or sAML/MDS with systemic chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy within the last 2 years.
  5. Patients with clinically significant splenomegaly, or > 16 cm spleen in length measured by ultrasound
  6. Patients with known liver cirrhosis
  7. Patients with East Asian ancestry such as Chinese, Japanese, Taiwanese or Korean.
  8. History of treatment with romiplostim or other TPO-R agonists.
  9. subjects with a QTc > 450 msec (QTc > 480 msec for subjects with Bundle Branch Block).
  10. Subjects with known thrombophilic risk factors. Exception: Subjects for whom the potential benefits of participating in the study outweigh the potential risks of thromboembolic events, as determined by the investigator.
  11. Female subjects who are nursing or pregnant (positive serum or urine Beta-human chorionic gonadotropin [B-hCG] pregnancy test) at screening or pre-dose on Day 1.
  12. Current alcohol or drug abuse.
  13. Treatment with an investigational drug within 30 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) preceding the first dose of study medication.
  14. Active and uncontrolled infections.
  15. Subjects infected with Hepatitis B, C or Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01481220

Locations
Sweden
4 Locations
Uppsala, Stockholm, Göteborg, Umeå, Sweden
Sponsors and Collaborators
Nordic MDS Group
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: Tobias Svensson, M.D. Nordic MDS Group
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Nordic MDS Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01481220     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2010-023663-18
Study First Received: November 17, 2011
Last Updated: May 2, 2013
Health Authority: Sweden: Medical Products Agency

Keywords provided by Nordic MDS Group:
Myelodysplastic syndrome
azacitidine
Eltrombopag
Thrombopoietin-receptor agonist
Thrombocytopenia
Transfusion dependency
Safety study

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Preleukemia
Syndrome
Thrombocytopenia
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Neoplasms
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Blood Platelet Disorders
Azacitidine
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Enzyme Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 30, 2014