DElivery of Self Training and Education for Stressful Situations-Primary Care Version (DESTRESS-PC)
This study will compare a cognitive-behavioral online self-management intervention designed for primary care treatment of war-related PTSD to a control intervention, "optimized usual primary care PTSD treatment". Patients with PTSD will be trained to use the online PTSD treatment website and asked to do so three times per week for six weeks. They will have phone and email access to a nurse trained to assist them in their treatment program. Three scheduled phone check-ins during the six week treatment period will provide ongoing contact with patients during treatment. The investigators will assess PTSD symptoms, depression, anxiety and somatic symptoms, physical health status and occupational functioning on three occasions: before the intervention, at the end of the treatment period, and six weeks after the end of treatment.
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Other: Optimized Usual Primary Care PTSD treatment
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Online Early Resilience Intervention for Combat-Related PTSD in Military Primary Healthcare Settings: A Randomized Trial of "DESTRESS-PC"|
- PTSD Checklist (PCL) [ Time Frame: Baseline and 6 weeks, 12 weeks, and 18 weeks post randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Symptoms of PTSD were assessed using the PTSD Checklist-Military Version (PCL). The PCL is a self-report measure developed for measuring PTSD symptom severity and for estimating PTSD caseness when administration of a structured clinical interview is not feasible. Respondents rate PCL items on a 5-point scale ('not at all' through "extremely') to indicate the degree to which they have been bothered by each of 17 PTSD symptoms during the past month. Possible PCL scores range from 17 to 85.
- PRIME-MD PHQ [ Time Frame: baseline and 6 weeks,12 weeks, and 18 weeks post randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The PHQ is a brief self-report assessment of common mental disorders developed specifically for primary care. PHQ allows brief provisional primary care diagnoses of several disorders including major depression, panic disorder, other anxiety disorder, and multi-somatoform disorder. We used the PHQ for baseline and follow-up assessments of depression, anxiety (panic and generalized anxiety), and somatic symptom severity, assessments with excellent correspondence to DSM-IV diagnostic criteria.
- Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 (SF-36) [ Time Frame: baseline, 6 wks, 12 wks, and 18wks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The SF-36 is a widely used measure of health related quality of life with established reliability and validity. The SF-36 was used to describe the study sample, compare functional status of the intervention groups at baseline, and assess change in functional over the course of the study.
- Attitude Regarding Mental Health Treatments [ Time Frame: baseline, 6 weeks, 12 weeks, and 18 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]We used two questions from Hoge and colleagues (2004): 'I don't trust mental health professionals,' and 'Mental health care doesn't work.' Both questions are rated using a five-point Likert-type scale. We also used two questions that rate attitudes regarding psychotherapy treatment ('Psychotherapy patients are wasting money,' and 'Therapy can help an individual'). The latter two questions, rated on the same 5-point scale, were part of a longer measure used to evaluate stigma in primary care patients with anxiety disorders.
- World Health Organization Health and Performance Questionnaire (HPQ). [ Time Frame: baseline, 6 weeks, 12 weeks, and 18 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The HPQ is an assessment instrument to estimate the costs of workplace health problems using a self-report instrument. Specific areas assessed include job performance, absenteeism, and work related critical incidents.
|Study Start Date:||May 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||July 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
A brief, nurse-assisted, Internet-based online self-management tool for PTSD (DESTRESS-PC), based on empirically valid cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) strategies and designed for implementation in a primary care setting. DESTRESS-PC stands for DElivery of Self-TRaining and Education for Stressful Situations for Primary Care.
An online nurse-assisted, self-management intervention designed for primary care treatment of war-related PTSD, this intervention will consist of 3 weekly logins to a secure website for a period of 6 weeks. A "DESTRESS Nurse" will train the participant to use the website and will monitor their progress and report key information back to the primary care physician.
Active Comparator: OUC
Optimized Usual Care (OUC) for PTSD--usual PTSD treatment offered within the primary care setting, optimized by training PC providers in PTSD identification and treatment and providing basic care management including phone check-ins to monitor symptoms and feedback to providers.
Other: Optimized Usual Primary Care PTSD treatment
Participants receive usual Primary Care treatment that is administered by the primary care physician; the DESTRESS Nurse monitors the participants' progress throughout the study.
The study is a multi-site trial evaluating the efficacy of DESTRESS-PC (DElivery of Self-TRaining and Education for Stressful Situations, primary care version), a brief, web-based self-management intervention for PTSD designed for delivery in primary care. Participants randomized to DESTRESS-PC log on to a secure website for self-CBT 3 times per week for 6 weeks and receive RN nurse care manager ("DESTRESS Nurse") contact every two weeks. DESTRESS Nurses introduce the approach, monitor, answer questions, and insure primary care provider collaboration. The control intervention is optimized usual primary care. Blinded raters assess PTSD symptoms, depression, anxiety, somatic symptoms, physical health status, and occupational functioning at four timepoints. All study participants receive RN care management and are under the care of a primary care provider trained in evidence-based PTSD treatment who receives status reports from the DESTRESS nurse to include baseline psychiatric status.
|United States, Georgia|
|Savannah Primary Care Clinic (Charleston VA)|
|Savannah, Georgia, United States, 31406|
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Department of Veterans Affairs, Boston|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02130|
|United States, South Carolina|
|Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center/Goose Creek Primary Care Clinic (Charleston VA)|
|Charleston, South Carolina, United States, 29425|
|Womack Army Medical Center|
|Ft. Bragg, South Carolina, United States, 28310|
|Principal Investigator:||Charles C. Engel, M.D., M.P.H.||Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences|