Octanoic Acid for Essential Tremor

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01468948
First received: November 8, 2011
Last updated: October 15, 2014
Last verified: July 2012
  Purpose

Background:

- Essential tremor (ET) is a condition of out-of-control shaking. Several drugs are used to treat ET. However, they are often only partly helpful and can have side effects. Many people with ET get some relief from drinking alcohol. Octanol, a food additive similar to alcohol, can improve tremor in animals and is less likely to make people feel drunk. One form of octanol, called 1-octanol, has been shown to improve tremor in some people and had few side effects. 1-octanol is converted to octanoic acid, and research suggests that octanoic acid itself might suppress ET with no significant side effects such as drunkenness. Researchers want to see what dose of octanoic acid is most useful in reducing ET.

Objectives:

- To test different doses of octanoic acid to treat essential tremor.

Eligibility:

  • Individuals at least 21 years of age who have ET that responds to treatment with alcohol.
  • Participants must be able to stop taking certain ET medications during the study.

Design:

  • This study requires three visits. Visit 1 is a screening visit that will take up to 5 hours. Visit 2 is a 2- to 3-day inpatient admission to the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center. Visit 3 is a followup outpatient visit 1 to 2 weeks after the hospital admission.
  • At the screening visit, participants will have a physical exam, neurological exam, and medical history. Blood and urine samples will be collected. Participants will also have an alcohol dose test to measure the tremor s response to alcohol.
  • For the study visit, participants will enter the hospital for testing. Participants will have the study drug and test the tremor's response to it. Frequent blood samples will be collected.
  • One to two weeks after leaving the hospital, participants will have a final followup study visit. Blood samples will be collected.

Condition Intervention Phase
Essential Tremor
Drug: Octanoic Acid
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Dose Escalation Study of Oral Octanoic Acid in Patients With Essential Tremor

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Dose-limiting toxicity [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Effect on tremor [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

Enrollment: 18
Study Start Date: October 2011
Study Completion Date: July 2012
Primary Completion Date: July 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: Octanoic Acid
    N/A
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the maximum tolerated dose of oral octanoic acid (OA) in patients with essential tremor. Further study objectives include the evaluation of the efficacy and tolerability of octanoic acid with escalation doses, as well as the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profile.

STUDY POPULATION:

Up to 30 subjects with ethanol-responsive essential tremor (ET) will be included in the study. Subjects will be recruited in groups of 6 per dose level.

DESIGN:

The study objectives will be tested using a 3+3 dose escalation design. Per dose level, 3 subjects will be recruited, and dose levels will be 8, 16, 32, 64, and 128 mg/kg, with additional 3 subjects at the same level if one of the three subjects exhibits dose limit toxicity. Subjects will undergo a screening visit, followed by a 2 to 3-day inpatient admission during which the study drug OA will be administered. An outpatient follow-up visit will conclude the study.

OUTCOME MEASURES:

The primary outcome will be measured by evaluating dose-limiting toxicity, which will be reached once 2 or more subjects exhibit a grade 2 adverse event (CTCAE) on the same dose-level, which is related to OA. The dose below the level at which 2 or more grade 2 OA-related adverse events have been observed, will then be defined as maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and the study stopped. Toxicity for the primary outcome will be monitored by an unblinded independent data safety monitoring board (DSMB), who will determine when the primary outcome is reached.

Secondary measures will include safety measures such as routine laboratory parameters, EKG measures, vital signs as well as a standardized assessment for signs of intoxication. Additional secondary outcome measures will include efficacy measures such as tremor accelerometry and digital spiral analysis, as well as a standardized clinical tremor rating scale. Furthermore, pharmacokinetic sampling will be performed.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:
  • Diagnosis of essential tremor with bilateral hand tremor as the predominant feature, which is known to be responsive to ethanol.
  • Unequivocal accelerometric tremor of both hands on screening examination (bilateral central tremor component during postural tremor accelerometry, consistent with ET)
  • Reduction of accelerometric tremor power of at least 35% following a formal ethanol challenge during the screening visit.
  • Subjects must be willing and safely able to abstain from any medication for the treatment of tremor for a period of at least 5 plasma half-lives of the individual drug prior to study participation. (For Propranolol/Inderal , Gabapentin/Neurontin this will be 1 day; for Primidone/Mysoline : 26 days).

Subjects must be willing to refrain from alcohol and drinks or food containing caffeine starting 48 hours prior to the study visits

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Patients with any other significant pathological finding in the neurological examination other than typical symptoms of ET
  • Acute or chronic severe medical conditions which would preclude the subject from participating (e.g., severe heart disease NYHA grade 3 or 4, renal failure, hepatic failure, lung disease, uncontrolled hyperthyroidism)
  • Subjects with concomitant therapy with warfarin or NSAIDs (other than aspirin), when taken on a regular basis and cannot be discontinued at least 14 days prior to study participation, because of potential interactions with octanoic acid (displacement of albumin binding in human serum)(Noctor et al. 1992)
  • Established diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, as fasting-periods of up to 12 hours are required in the protocol.
  • Subjects with active or past alcohol abuse or dependence (AUDIT score greater than or equal to 8)
  • Elevated liver function parameters (AST, ALT, GGT), higher than the 1.5 fold upper limit of the normal range (as defined by the NIH Clinical Center Laboratory Medicine Department), or any other clinically significant abnormalities on their baseline laboratory tests. The limit for AST therefore will be 51 U/l, for ALT 62 U/L, and GGT 128 U/l.
  • Female subjects who are pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Subjects aged < 21 years
  • Known flushing symptoms after alcohol intake or allergy to alcohol (any yes answer in the standardized Alcohol Flushing Questionnaire)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01468948

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Mark Hallett, M.D. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01468948     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 120024, 12-N-0024
Study First Received: November 8, 2011
Last Updated: October 15, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Essential Tremor
Tremor
Octanol
Octanoic Acid

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Essential Tremor
Tremor
Central Nervous System Diseases
Dyskinesias
Movement Disorders
Nervous System Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014