Heparin's Influence on ROTEM® Analysis
Coagulopathy with transfusion requirements is frequent during cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary Bypass. Rotational thromboelastrometry (ROTEM®) is a viscoelastic whole blood point of care test used to assess the patient's coagulation status.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of ROTEM® analysis in the presence of very high heparin concentrations as seen during cardiopulmonary bypass.
Coronary Artery Disease
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Evaluation of the Feasibility of Rotational Thromboelastrometry During Cardiopulmonary Bypass Using a Heparinase Modified ROTEM® Assay|
- Change from baseline ROTEM® measurements after the administration of heparinBaseline ROTEM® measurement will be compared to ROTEM® measurements after the administration of heparin, at the end of cardiopulmonary bypass and after the administration of protamine.
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
|Study Start Date:||September 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
coronary artery disease
patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting using cardiopulmonary bypass
The Society of Cardiothoracic surgeons suggest that 50% of patients undergoing cardiac surgery have a blood transfusion.
Several studies indicate an increase in morbidity and mortality related to blood transfusions.
Traditionally, the coagulation tests are performed in the hematology laboratory.
Rotational thromboelastrometry is a useful method of assessing perioperative coagulation function in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.
The presence of significant amounts of heparin in blood samples during cardiopulmonary bypass induces artifactual errors when thromboplastin is used as a reagent. For this reason, whole blood coagulation monitoring with ROTEM® has not been feasible during cardiopulmonary bypass with heparin anticoagulation. Recently recombinant thromboplastin has come available. It's stability is guaranteed by the manufacturer for plasmatic heparin concentrations up to 5UI/l .
Three of the available ROTEM®-tests are EXTEM (activation by recombinant thromboplastin), INTEM (activation by elagic acid) and HEPTEM. In the latter, heparinase, added to the INTEM reagent, eliminates heparin to reveal underlying coagulopathies.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of ROTEM® analysis in the presence of very high concentration of heparin and to evaluate whether heparinase could reverse heparin's effect on EXTEM and INTEM during cardiopulmonary bypass.
Arterial blood samples were drawn for analysis after induction of anesthesia (T0),10 minutes after the administration of heparin (T1), at unclamping of the aorta (T2) and after heparin reversal with protamine (T3). The following tests will be performed: EXTEM, INTEM, HEPTEM and a heparinase modified EXTEM. For the latter, recombinant thromboplatin instead of the elagic acid is used in the HEPTEM test. Heparin concentrations are measured at T1 and at the end of bypass (T2). HEPCON® was used for heparin management.
|University of Lausanne Hospitals|
|Lausanne, Vaud, Switzerland, 1011|
|Principal Investigator:||Carlo E Marcucci, MD||University of Lausanne Hospitals|