Influence of Anesthesia Drugs on Impedance Aggregometry
Impedance aggregometry (IA) (Multiplate®)is a new whole blood platelet function test with potential use in anesthesia and intensive care. Most anesthetic drugs have been shown to have in vitro antiplatelet activity. The goal of this in vitro study is to evaluate the effect of several drugs, frequently used in cardiac anesthesia and intensive care, on platelet function as measured by IA
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||The Influence of Drugs Routinely Used in Cardiac Anesthesia on Impedance Aggregometry.|
- Drug induced platelet dysfunction as measured by impedance aggregometry.
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
|Study Start Date:||October 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Impedance aggregometry (IA) on the multiple platelet function analyzer (Multiplate®) ) is a whole blood point of care test evaluating platelet function. In IA, the increase in electrical impedance of whole blood is measured after the addition of a platelet activator. Some of the activators available are arachidonic acid (ASPI Test), ADP (ADP Test), TRAP-6 (TRAP Test) and collagen (COL TEST).
When an activator is added to the blood sample, the activated platelets will aggregate on the electrodes embedded in the test recipient. As platelets accumulate on the electrodes surface, the impedance will increase. The increase is measured and expressed in arbitrary units (AU). Reduced impedance implies platelet dysfunction or the presence of specific platelet inhibitors. For example, the ASPI test is inhibited in the presence of acetylsalicylic Acid and clopidrel inhibits the ADP test. Thrombin (TRAP) is an extremely potent agonist which can be used to monitor GpIIb/IIIa therapy.
The Multiplate® analyzer may have an important role in detecting and analyzing perioperative coagulopathies, but many drugs, routinely used in cardiac anesthesia or in the intensive care unit, have known in vitro antiplatelet effects, and may interfere with IA interpretation.
The goal of the study is to evaluate the influence of lidocaine, propofol, midazolam, and magnesium on the results of impedance aggregometry and to understand to which extent the tests are modified by the presence of one of these drugs.
20 healthy volunteers aged 18 to 65 years old will be recruited. Exclusion criteria are the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for 2 weeks prior to donation and known coagulation disorders. Whole blood is taken from the antecubital vein. Platelet count is measured. Blood samples for Multiplate® analysis are drawn in hirudin anticoagulated tubes. During storage, blood is gently moved in order to avoid sedimentation and spontaneous platelet aggregation.
For each sample baseline measurements are performed using ASPI Test, ADP Test, TRAP Test and COL Test.
The four study drugs are added to the blood samples, in isovolumic dilutions, to obtain subclinical, normal or near toxic plasma concentrations (table 1).
Study drugs low intermediate high Lidocaine (mcg/ml) 1 3 6 Magesium (mMol/l) 0.4 1 2.5 Midazolam (ng/ml) 150 250 500 Propofol (mcg/ml) 2 5 8 Table 1. Plasma concentration of the four study drugs
For every concentration, IA is measured using the 4 different activators. For every test and dose, the area under the curve is compared with the baseline.
|University of Lausanne Hospitals|
|Lausanne, Vaud, Switzerland, 1011|
|Principal Investigator:||Carlo E Marcucci, MD||University of Lausanne Hospitals|