Directly Observed Hepatitis C Treatment in Methadone Clinics

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified September 2011 by Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01442311
First received: September 27, 2011
Last updated: NA
Last verified: September 2011
History: No changes posted
  Purpose

Drug users account for a disproportionately large burden of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. However, HCV treatment adherence rates in drug users may be suboptimal in patients who use drugs regularly during HCV treatment. Because HCV treatment is most effective when patients adhere to at least 80% of the prescribed treatment regimen, interventions to improve HCV treatment adherence need to be developed and evaluated. The investigators designed the HCV DOT trial to test the efficacy of two versions of modified directly observed HCV therapy provided on-site at a methadone clinic. The primary objective of this trial is to determine whether enhanced DOT with both pegylated interferon alfa-2a plus ribavirin (PEG/RBV-DOT) is more efficacious than standard DOT with weekly provider-administered pegylated interferon (PEG-DOT) and self-administered ribavirin for increasing adherence and improving HCV treatment outcomes. The investigators hypothesize that PEG/RBV-DOT is associated with increased adherence and rates of sustained viral response compared with PEG-DOT.


Condition Intervention
Hepatitis C
Medication Adherence
Other: enhanced DOT (both pegylated interferon alfa-2a and ribavirin)
Other: standard DOT (PEG-DOT control arm)

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Directly Observed Hepatitis C Treatment in Methadone Clinics

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Adherence [ Time Frame: 24 -48 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Adherence assessed by pill count, self-report, and medical records.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • sustained viral response (SVR) [ Time Frame: 24 weeks after treatment completion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • end of treatment response (ETR) [ Time Frame: 24 - 48 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • treatment completion [ Time Frame: 24 - 48 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    completion of at least 80% of planned duration of HCV treatment.


Estimated Enrollment: 80
Study Start Date: October 2007
Estimated Study Completion Date: March 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date: March 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: enhanced DOT (PEG/RBV-DOT)
Subjects randomized to the PEG/RBV-DOT arm receive weekly provider-administered pegylated interferon alfa-2a injections plus modified directly observed ribavirin therapy. We describe this as modified because ribavirin ingestion is observed at the methadone window three to six days per week based on the participants' methadone pick-up schedule, and only one of two daily doses is observed.
Other: enhanced DOT (both pegylated interferon alfa-2a and ribavirin)
Subjects randomized to the PEG/RBV-DOT arm receive weekly provider-administered pegylated interferon alfa-2a injections plus modified directly observed ribavirin therapy. We describe this as modified because ribavirin ingestion is observed at the methadone window three to six days per week based on the participants' methadone pick-up schedule, and only one of two daily doses is observed.
Active Comparator: standard DOT (PEG-DOT)
Subjects randomized to the Peg-DOT arm receive standard on-site treatment (weekly provider-administered pegylated interferon alfa-2a injections) and self-administered twice-daily oral ribavirin. Subjects in the PEG-DOT arm are dispensed monthly medication bottles of ribavirin, and ingest the ribavirin at home.
Other: standard DOT (PEG-DOT control arm)
Subjects randomized to the Peg-DOT arm receive standard on-site treatment (weekly provider-administered pegylated interferon alfa-2a injections) and self-administered twice-daily oral ribavirin. Subjects in the PEG-DOT arm are dispensed monthly medication bottles of ribavirin, and ingest the ribavirin at home.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • HCV-infected
  • receive HCV medical care at the methadone clinic
  • plan to initiate HCV treatment on-site within the next 3 months
  • psychiatrically stable as determined by HCV treatment provider and/or on-site psychiatrist
  • attend the methadone clinic between three and six days per week to receive methadone
  • stable dose fo methadone for two weeks prior to the baseline visit

Exclusion Criteria:

  • unable or unwilling to provide informed consent
  • currently receiving HCV treatment
  • primary HCV care provider does not agree to their participation in the trial
  • psychiatrically unstable
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01442311

Contacts
Contact: Alain Litwin, MD, MPH 718-944-3862 alitwin@montefiore.org
Contact: Jennifer Hidalgo, BA 718-944-3856 jehidalg@montefiore.org

Locations
United States, New York
Albert Einstein College of Medicine Division of Substance Abuse Recruiting
Bronx, New York, United States, 10461
Contact: Alain Litwin, MD, MPH    718-944-3862    alitwin@montefiore.org   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Alain Litwin, MD, MPH Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University
  More Information

No publications provided by Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01442311     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2006-224, K23DA022454-01A1
Study First Received: September 27, 2011
Last Updated: September 27, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University:
Hepatitis C Virus
Chronic Hepatitis C
Methadone
Injection Drug User
Adherence
Directly Observed Treatment

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hepatitis
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis C
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
Interferon-alpha
Interferon Alfa-2a
Interferons
Ribavirin
Peginterferon alfa-2a
Methadone
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents
Analgesics, Opioid
Analgesics

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014