Metal Ions in Ceramic on Metal Total Hip Arthroplasty (COM)
The investigators aim to measure the blood levels of certain metals in a group of patients all of whom have had a ceramic on metal total hip replacement. This new bearing surface (joint) is relatively new and the investigators are currently following up the largest cohort in the world. Clinical results are currently excellent at 2 years in all patients, however the investigators are mindful of the lessons learned from the high failure rate of several designs of metal on metal hip replacements as well as several in vitro reports and one in vivo case report of elevated metal levels in this particular implant. The investigators feel it is important to measure the metal ion levels in our group to ascertain and compare these with reference standards. Once performed the investigators can relate ion levels to function and x ray changes and provide useful longterm data to the patients and the wider medical community as to whether this bearing surface is safe in the long term or whether it's use should be abandoned. This is useful as there are numerous groups implanting this device in the UK and in addition it has just been awarded FDA approval in the USA - its use is likely to flourish.
Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Measurement of Metal Ion Levels and Chromosome Abnormalities in Ceramic on Metal Total Hip Arthroplasty in Vivo|
- Cobalt chromium levels [ Time Frame: 2 years post THR ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]Serum cobalt chromium levels post THR
- Chromosomal abnormality [ Time Frame: 2 years post THR ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]Deviation of karyotype from normal 2 years post THR
|Study Start Date:||October 2011|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2012|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||October 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Ceramic on metal THA
Those who have received a ceramic on metal total hip replacement
PURPOSE & DESIGN:
The investigators are currently following up a cohort of patients all of whom have had a metal on ceramic total hip arthroplasty.
This new bearing couple has been approved for use in the UK for some time and has recently achieved USA FDA approval.
The attraction of this bearing couple is a low rate of wear with reduced complications associated with ceramic on ceramic bearing such as bearing fracture.
Of recent media attention has been the unacceptably high failure of the DePuy ASR metal on metal hip resurfacing. This metal on metal bearing couple has been associated with increased ion levels and chromosome abnormalities in vivo.
In vitro studies and small in vivo studies have revealed much lower wear, particle numbers and ion levels in ceramic on metal studies than in metal on metal bearing surfaces; however there is no large scale evidence that this is the case.
The investigators currently are following up the largest worldwide series of ceramic on metal bearings and clinical results are excellent. It is important however to obtain hard data on metal ion levels in this population firstly to ensure the long term function and health of this cohort but also to provide a barometer for other surgeons who will be using a prosthesis that as yet has little in the way of long term follow up and data on ion levels in a large cohort.
If the ion levels are unacceptably high then the investigators will need to follow these patients closely and offer revision surgery if there are clinical concerns.
For similar reasons it is important to monitor for chromosomal abnormalities.
|Contact: Fintan A Carroll, MBBS,FRCS||+44(0)firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Hussain A Kazi, MBChB,FRCS||+44(0)email@example.com|
|Wirral University Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust||Enrolling by invitation|
|Wirral, Merseyside, United Kingdom, CH49 5PE|
|Study Director:||Fintan A Carroll, MBBS, FRCS||Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon|
|Principal Investigator:||Hussain A Kazi, MBChB,FRCS||Specialist Registrar, Trauma & Orthopaedics|