Withdrawal Study to Demonstrate the Maintenance Effect in the Treatment of Non-24-Hour Sleep-Wake Disorder

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Vanda Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01430754
First received: August 30, 2011
Last updated: October 8, 2014
Last verified: October 2014
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the maintenance effect and safety of 20 mg tasimelteon versus placebo in subjects suffering from Non-24-Hour Sleep-Wake Disorder.


Condition Intervention Phase
Non-24-Hour Sleep-Wake Disorder
Drug: tasimelteon
Drug: Placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Withdrawal Study to Demonstrate the Maintenance of Effect of 20 mg Tasimelteon in the Treatment of N24HSWD

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Vanda Pharmaceuticals:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maintenance of Entrainment (aMT6s) in Subjects With N24HSWD. [ Time Frame: Approximately 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Entrainment is a measure of synchronization of the master body clock to the 24-hour day. The circadian period (τ) was calculated using urinary aMT6s collected over four separate 48 hour periods, approximately 1 week apart, during the run-in and randomized phases of the trial. Maintenance of entrainment is defined as the proportion of subjects who become non-entrained to a 24 hour day after randomization to tasimelteon or placebo. Non-entrainment was defined as having a post-baseline τ value ≥ 24.1 or the lower bound of the 95% CI >24.0.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Maintenance of Entrainment (Cortisol) in Subjects With N24HSWD [ Time Frame: Approximately 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Entrainment is a measure of synchronization of the master body clock to the 24-hour day. The circadian period (τ) was calculated using urinary cortisol collected over four separate 48 hour periods, approximately 1 week apart, during the run-in and randomized phases of the trial. Maintenance of entrainment is defined as the proportion of subjects who become non-entrained to a 24 hour day after randomization to tasimelteon or placebo. Non-entrainment was defined as having a post-baseline τ value ≥ 24.1 or the lower bound of the 95% CI >24.0.

  • Change From Run-In in Subjective Nighttime Total Sleep Time in Lower Quartile of Days (LQ-nTST) During the Randomized Phase [ Time Frame: Approximately 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    LQ-nTST measures the average nighttime sleep during the patient's worst 25% of nights (shortest total nighttime sleep) from run-in and randomized phase. The higher number indicates improvement.

  • Change From Run-In in Total Daytime Sleep Duration in Lower Quartile of Days (UQ-dTSD) During the Randomized Phase [ Time Frame: Approximately 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    UQ-dTSD measures the average daytime sleep during the patient's worst 25% of days (longest total daytime sleep) from run-in and randomized phase. Lower number indicates improvement.

  • Change From Run-In in Midpoint of Sleep (MoST) During the Randomized Phase [ Time Frame: Approximately 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Midpoint of Sleep Timing (MoST) is the measurement of the average timing of sleep relative to bedtime. The average MoST value will trend to 0 as an individual's sleep becomes more fragmented. Improvement is defined as an increase in the average.

  • Change From Run-In in Circadian Time to Relapse During the Randomized Phase [ Time Frame: Approximately 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to relapse is defined as a 45 minute or greater decrement in the weekly average of subjective nighttime total sleep time (nTST) compared to the Run-in Phase.


Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: September 2011
Study Completion Date: December 2012
Primary Completion Date: December 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: tasimelteon
20 mg tasimelteon capsules
Drug: tasimelteon
20 mg tasimelteon capsules, daily
Other Name: VEC-162
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo capsules
Drug: Placebo
Placebo capsules, daily

Detailed Description:

Non-24-Hour Sleep-Wake Disorder (N24HSWD) occurs when individuals are unable to synchronize their endogenous circadian pacemaker to the 24-hour light-dark cycle, and the timing of their circadian rhythm instead reflects the intrinsic period of their endogenous circadian pacemaker. As a result, the circadian rhythm of sleep-wake propensity in these individuals moves gradually later and later each day if there circadian period is > 24 hours and earlier and earlier is < 24 hours. These individuals will be able to sleep well at night when their sleep-wake propensity rhythm is approximately aligned with the 24-hour light-dark and social cycle. However, after a short time, the endogenous sleep-wake propensity rhythm and the 24-hour light-dark cycle will move out of synchrony with each other, and they may have difficulty falling asleep until well into the night. In addition to problems sleeping at the desired time, the subjects experience daytime sleepiness and daytime napping. As time progresses, the endogenous circadian rhythm of sleep-wake propensity in these individuals moves further and further away from the 24-hour light-dark cycle and gradually, these individuals are unable to sleep at night and as a result experience extreme sleepiness during the daytime hours and more frequent naps with a longer duration. Eventually, the sleep-wake time moves back into alignment with the social time for sleep and the individuals sleep well at night and have decreased daytime napping. The alignment between their endogenous circadian rhythms and the 24-hour day is temporary as they are continually drifting later and later each day.

This will be a multicenter, randomized withdrawal, double-masked, placebo-controlled, parallel study. The study has three phases: the tasimelteon run-in phase, the tau estimation phase, and the randomized withdrawal phase. Subjects who have participated in study VP-VEC-162-3201 that meet the entry criteria for this study will be eligible for the run-in phase The run-in phase comprises a screening visit where subject's initial eligibility will be evaluated. Subjects that meet the inclusion/exclusion criteria at screening will enter the run-in phase and will be dosed with 20 mg of tasimelteon daily for 6 weeks. The tau estimation phase (48 hour urine collection samples to evaluate response to tasimelteon) will follow the run-in phase and will last approximately 6 weeks long. The randomized withdrawal phase comprises approximately eight weeks of treatment with either placebo or tasimelteon 20 mg taken approximately 1 hour prior to their target bedtime in a double-masked fashion.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Ability and acceptance to provide informed consent;
  2. Males, non-fecund females (i.e., surgically sterilized, if procedure was done 6 months before screening or subject is postmenopausal, without menses for 6 months before screening), or females of child-bearing potential using an acceptable method of birth control for a period of 35 days before the first dosing and must have a negative pregnancy test at the screening and baseline visits; Note: Women using hormonal methods of birth control must use an additional method of birth control during the study and for one month after the last dose.
  3. Willing and able to comply with study requirements and restrictions including a commitment to a fixed 9-hour sleep opportunity during the study;
  4. Diagnosis of N24HSWD in a previous clinical trial as measured by a tau value of > 24.1 and the lower bound of the 95% CI is > 24.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. History (within the 12 months prior to screening) of psychiatric disorders including Major Depressive Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Axis II Disorders, delirium or any other psychiatric disorder, that is not being successfully treated or has not been resolved and that in the opinion of the clinical investigator would affect participation in the study or full compliance with study procedures;
  2. History of intolerance and/or hypersensitivity to melatonin or melatonin agonists;
  3. History of drug or alcohol abuse as defined in DSM-IV, Diagnostic Criteria for Drug and Alcohol Abuse, within the 12 months prior to screening and/or regular consumption of alcoholic drinks (> 2 drinks/day or > 14 drinks/week);

    a. Note: A standard drink is equal to 13.7 grams (0.6 ounces) of pure alcohol or

    • 12-ounces of beer
    • 8-ounces of malt liquor
    • 5-ounces of wine
    • 1.5-ounces or a "shot" of 80-proof distilled spirits or liquor (e.g., gin, rum, vodka, or whiskey);
  4. Subject is at risk of suicide, in the opinion of the Investigator. Evidence of suicide risk could include any suicide attempt within the past year or any other suicidal behavior within the past year;
  5. Current clinically significant cardiovascular, respiratory, neurologic, hepatic, hematopoietic, renal, gastrointestinal or metabolic dysfunction unless currently controlled and stable;
  6. Subjects who have estimated creatinine clearance (CLcr; based on the Cockcroft-Gault equation) ≤ to 55 mL/min;
  7. Clinically significant deviation from normal in clinical laboratory results, vital signs measurements, or physical examination findings at screening as determined by the clinical investigator;
  8. Indication of impaired liver function (values for AST, ALT or bilirubin > 2 times Upper Limit of Normal);
  9. Pregnant or lactating females;
  10. A positive test for drugs of abuse at the screening visit; Note: A positive drug screen at Visit 1 needs to be discussed with the medical monitor and will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis.
  11. Smoke more than 10 cigarettes/day;
  12. Worked night, rotating, or split (period of work, followed by break, and then return to work) shift work within 1 month of the screening visit or plan to work these shifts during the study;
  13. Unwilling or unable to follow the medication restrictions described in Section 8.2., or unwilling or unable to sufficiently wash-out from use of a restricted medication
  14. Unable to perform calls to the study IVR system to report questionnaire results;
  15. Any other sound medical reason as determined by the clinical investigator;
  16. Legal incompetence or limited legal competence, detainment in an institution for official or legal reasons.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01430754

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Vanda Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
Study Director: Vanda Pharmaceuticals Vanda Pharmaceuticals
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Vanda Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01430754     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: VP-VEC-162-3203
Study First Received: August 30, 2011
Results First Received: August 8, 2014
Last Updated: October 8, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Vanda Pharmaceuticals:
Blindness
Eye Diseases
Nap Disorders
Circadian Rhythm Disorders
Sleep Disorders
Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders
Dyssomnias
Nervous System Diseases

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Disease
Sleep Disorders, Circadian Rhythm
Chronobiology Disorders
Dyssomnias
Mental Disorders
Nervous System Diseases
Occupational Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Sleep Disorders

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 22, 2014