Enzyme Suppletion in Exocrine Pancreatic Dysfunction (SAPES)
Treatment of exocrine insufficiency (EPI) consists of pancreatic enzyme replacement according to the fat intake. Prescribing a sufficient dose of pancreatic enzymes is mandatory for the treatment to be effective. In addition, consultation of a specialized dietician is pivotal to educate patients about the proper use of pancreatic enzymes. However, based on a recent prospective survey in the Netherlands amongst chronic pancreatitis patients, it seems that enzymes are underused and a dietician is seldom consulted. The aim of this study is to assess if there is a difference in efficacy of pancreatic enzymes in a self-dosage regimen after extensive patient-education in comparison to the standard treatment for patients with EPI.
Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency
Drug: Panzytrat 25.000 FIP-E units of Lipase
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Enzyme Substitution in Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency; Self Administration Against a Fixed Dose Regimen|
- Fecal Fat percentage [ Time Frame: week 1, 5 and 9 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]difference in efficacy measured by the fecal fat content during treatment with pancreatic enzymes in a self-dosage regimen after extensive patient-education in comparison to the standard treatment for patients with EPI due to chronic pancreatitis
- enzyme dose [ Time Frame: On a weekly base during 9 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Change in enzyme dose
- Improvement of steatorrhea-related complaints [ Time Frame: On a weekly base during 9 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Improvement of complaints (e.g. steatorrhoea, abdominal cramps, abdominal pain).
- Change in dietary habits [ Time Frame: Week 1, 5 and 9 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Change in dietary habits by means of a food diary
- Patient satisfaction [ Time Frame: Week 4 and 9 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Patient satisfaction by means of a SF36 questionnaire
- Quality of life [ Time Frame: week 4 and 9 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Quality of life by means of a SF36 questionnaire
- Evaluation of the nutritional status [ Time Frame: week 5 and 9 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Evaluation of the nutritional status in the blood and calculating the Body Mass Index (BMI)
|Study Start Date:||October 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||February 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Panzytrat fixed dose vs. self-dosing
In Phase I (week 1-4) patients will use the fixed amount of lipase as was prescribed by their treating physician. Phase II (week 5-9) patients will start the self-dosage regimen with pancreatic enzymes (without exceeding the maximum amount of 16 capsules per day). They are properly educated by the researcher and dietician how to adjust the amount of pancreatic enzymes to the fat intake in their diet.
Drug: Panzytrat 25.000 FIP-E units of Lipase
patients will experiment with Panzytrat (containing 25.000 units of lipase) to a maximum of 16 capsules a day according to general guidelines.
Other Name: Pancreatine of porcine-origin
This is a prospective, open, comparative study with a linear design with two sequential phases (observatory, then patient-monitored).
The research population consists of patients who are treated with pancreatic enzymes (< 6 capsules p/d containing 25,000 units of lipase) for exocrine insufficiency caused by chronic pancreatitis.
After inclusion, patients will discontinue taking pancreatic enzymes during one week (wash-out period). The last four days of this week, a fecal fat balance test will be performed to quantify the fecal fat loss without enzyme correction. If the fecal fat excretion is less than 15%, this is considered normal and therefore the patient will be excluded from the study. Subsequently, the next three weeks of the trial the patient will restart using the same dose of pancreatic enzymes the way it was prescribed before inclusion. The last four days of the fourth week, a fecal fat balance test will be repeated to quantify the fecal fat loss with enzyme correction. After this test the intervention takes place, consisting of a standardised education of the patient by a dietician. In the second phase of four weeks, patients are stimulated to use this information to self-dose the amount of pancreatic enzymes according to the fat content of their diet. In the last week of the study a fecal fat balance test will be repeated.
The primary endpoint is the fecal fat excretion. Secondary endpoints are the change in enzyme dose after intervention, improvement of complaints (e.g. steatorrhoea related complaints, abdominal cramps, abdominal pain), change in dietary habits, patient satisfaction, quality of life, evaluation of the nutritional status, and the occurrence of side effects.
Because the maximum amount of 16 capsules of pancreatic enzymes a day according to the standard guidelines will not be exceeded in this trial, no risks are foreseen. The anticipated benefit of the study is that patients will be treated more effectively for their EPI. The burden of this trial for patients is the repeated fecal fat balance test.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01430234
|Erasmus Medical Center|
|Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands, 3000 WB|
|Principal Investigator:||Marco Bruno, MD, PhD||Department of Gastroeneterology and Hepatology, Erasmus University Medical Center|