Dentin Hypersensitivity Following Non-surgical Periodontal Therapy With Hand or Ultrasonic Instruments

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
ERICA DEL PELOSO RIBEIRO, Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saude Publica
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01427764
First received: August 24, 2011
Last updated: August 31, 2011
Last verified: August 2011
  Purpose

Periodontal instrumentation aims to remove plaque and calculus from the root surface. Both manual and ultrasonic instruments have been used for such decontamination; however, establishing a healthy periodontium can result in adverse effects, such as dentin hypersensitivity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of hand or ultrasonic instrumentation on dentin hypersensitivity in patients undergoing non-surgical periodontal treatment. For this controlled clinical trial of a "split mouth" design, 14 patients were selected with homologous teeth in the incisor to premolar region and probing depth ≥ 5 mm on the buccal aspect of the teeth. One side (control) was instrumented with hand instruments and the other side (test) with ultrasonic instruments. Dentin hypersensitivity was assessed in the baseline and during the follow 4 weeks after treatment, with a periodontal probe scratching the root surface and with an air jet. The patient's response was detected by a visual analog scale (VAS) of 10 cm.


Condition Intervention
Periodontal Disease
Dentin Sensitivity
Device: manual and ultrasonic instruments

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Dentin Hypersensitivity Following Non-surgical Periodontal Therapy With Hand or Ultrasonic Instruments

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saude Publica:

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in the clinical attachment level [ Time Frame: baseline and 4 weeks follow after treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Measured by a calibrated professional on baseline and 30 days after treatment - the distance from the cemental enamel junction to the bottom of the pocket.


Enrollment: 14
Study Start Date: February 2009
Study Completion Date: June 2010
Primary Completion Date: January 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Device: manual and ultrasonic instruments

    The individuals were instructed regarding causes and consequences of periodontal disease as well as prevention techniques, including the sulcular brushing technique and flossing. The retention factors of plaque (caries cavities, excess supragingival restorations and calculus) were removed during the initial visits. Clinical parameters were initially assessed 30 days after initial therapy.

    The quadrants were randomly assigned and a total of 28 teeth were examined and treated. One side was treated with Gracey curettes (Hu-Friedy™ - Chicago, IL, USA) - control group and the other side with ultrasonic instruments (Profi II Ceramic™, Dabi Atlante - Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil) - the test group, using the tip for subgingival instrumentation Perio Sub (Dabi Atlante ®).

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   35 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • patients diagnosed with chronic or aggressive periodontitis, according to the American Academy of Periodontology classification15, requiring non-surgical periodontal treatment in at least two quadrants. These quadrants should present two contralateral and homologous teeth in the incisor to premolar region with probing depth ≥ 5 mm and bleeding on probing on the buccal surface.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • presence of systemic illness or medication use (six months preceding the research), which could influence the response to periodontal treatment,
  • performance of periodontal treatment including subgingival instrumentation in the six months preceding the study,
  • performance of treatment for dentin hypersensitivity in the three months previous to the study,
  • presence of periapical or pulpal changes,
  • being under orthodontic treatment,
  • smoking and
  • pregnancy.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: ERICA DEL PELOSO RIBEIRO, PhD in Periodontics, Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saude Publica
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01427764     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 123456
Study First Received: August 24, 2011
Last Updated: August 31, 2011
Health Authority: Brasil: Ethics Comittee

Keywords provided by Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saude Publica:
Dentin sensitivity
Dental scaling
Ultrasonic
manual and ultrasonic instrumentation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Dentin Sensitivity
Hypersensitivity
Periodontal Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Tooth Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014