Communication Intervention Physical Activity
The project is a two-arm randomized clinical trial to pilot the feasibility of a communication training intervention for primary care clinicians, linked to a community program referral, on use of the 5As to promote physical activity in underserved patients.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||A Communication Intervention for Physical Activity in Underserved Communities|
- Number of A's used per visit per discussion of physical activity [ Time Frame: 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The mean 5A Score of patients from clinicians who complete the communicatin interventon will be higher thant the mean 5A Score of patients from physicisns that have not been trained. Analytic plan: Unadjusted analysis will use two-sample t-tests to compare means. Adjusted analyses will use linear mixed effects models as described in the Statistical Analysis section.
- Patient-centered Communication Constructs [ Time Frame: 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Patient survey; fifteen items.Assesses patient perceptions of providers' being autonomy supportive versus controlling. Measures participants' feelings of competence at carrying out a treament regimen. Scored by trained coder listening to audiorecorded visits. Clinicians survey; 20 items such as whether the clinician would recmmend the intervention to other clinicians.
|Study Start Date:||September 2008|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2013|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
No Intervention: 5A Communication
Behavioral: 5 A intervention for physical activity
Other: 5 A communication intervention
This study will examine the effect of primary care clinicians' communication intervention linked to a community-based exercise program. We will use the 5As in discussion of physical activity in 371 office visits in an ethnically diverse, primarily low income patient population. Secondary and exploratory aims are to provide pilot information on [feasibility and sustainability of the intervention from the patients' and clinicians' perspective and derive effect sizes on the intervention's effect on objective changes in physical activity in a subset of participants.
Other Name: ethnically diverse physical activity clinician communication
This study will focus on training clinicians to communicate effectively using the 5As and patient-centered communication skills (Aim 1). When implemented fully, the intervention will also include referral to a community fitness program. Clinicians will be randomly assigned to two groups (1 and 2). Group 1 will participate in the training intervention first; group 2 will act as a wait-list control for Group 1. The primary outcome, the effectiveness of the intervention on clinician use of the 5As during routine office visits, will be measured by examining 371 audio-recorded patient visits prior to, immediately, after, and 6 months after the clinician is trained. Secondary outcomes include whether the communication training intervention improved patients' perceived competence to adopt physical activity (Aim 2)and whether clinicians believe that the communication intervention addressed pertinent barriers to promoting exercise (Aim 3). Exploratory outcomes (Aim 4) will [assess potential mediators of the intervention's effect, examine the effect of the intervention on actual physical activity levels in a subset of participants, and create a taxonomy of communication markers for each of the 5As.]
|United States, New York|
|Westside Health Services|
|Rochester, New York, United States, 14608|
|Principal Investigator:||Jennifer Carroll, MD, MPH||University of Rochester|