Oral Care and Gram-negative Pathogen in Children

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo
Information provided by:
Federal University of São Paulo
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01410682
First received: August 4, 2011
Last updated: NA
Last verified: July 2011
History: No changes posted
  Purpose

Critical care nursing interventions related to oral care can reduce the microorganisms in the oropharynx available for translocation to other sites. THis is a randomized, controlled and double blinded study performed in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) from a Brazilian university hospital which objectives were to analyze 0.12% chlorhexidine digluconate influence on Gram-negative pathogens colonization of oropharyngeal and tracheal secretions of mechanically ventilated children.


Condition Intervention
Tracheal and Oropharyngeal Colonization by Gram-negative Pathogens
Other: 0,12% digluconate chlorhexidine
Other: toothbrushing

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Oral Care and Oropharyngeal and Tracheal Colonization by Gram-negative Pathogens in Children

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Federal University of São Paulo:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Influence of chlorhexidine digluconate 0.12% on tracheal and oropharyngeal colonization by gram-negative pathogens

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Influence of some demographic characteristics of critically ill children on the oropharynx Gram-negative pathogens identification.

Enrollment: 74
Study Start Date: June 2005
Study Completion Date: June 2007
Primary Completion Date: June 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 0.12% Chlorhexidine Digluconate
Oral care included use of an oral gel containing chlorhexidine digluconate 0.12% as an active ingredient (chlorhexidine digluconate 0.12%; methylcellulose gel 2.12%, 25 g; gooseberry syrup, 4 drops; menthol solution 50%,3 drops; and distilled water, to 30 g).The gel is applied on a toothbrush, and the teeth are cleaned in quadrants; all teeth surfaces are cleaned (vestibular,lingual, occlusal, and incisal). After each quadrant was cleaned, 10 mL of water (dispensed via a syringe) is used to rinse the quadrant and continual aspiration is used to remove all the gel and debris. After all the teeth are cleaned, the ventral surface of the tongue is brushed with posteriorto- anterior movements.
Other: 0,12% digluconate chlorhexidine
Oral care with 0.12% Chlorhexidine Digluconate and toothbrushing is realized twice a day and took about 10 minutes to complete, depending on the child's acceptance and clinical conditions.
Placebo Comparator: tothbrushing
This group received the same oral care that experimental group with the use of a similarly formulated gel without the antiseptic agent.The gel is applied on a toothbrush, and the teeth are cleaned in quadrants; all teeth surfaces are cleaned (vestibular, lingual, occlusal, and incisal). After each quadrant is cleaned, 10 mL of water (dispensed via a syringe) is used to rinse the quadrant and continual aspiration is used to remove all the gel and debris. After all the teeth are cleaned, the ventral surface of the tongue is brushed with posterior to anterior movements.
Other: toothbrushing
Gel is applied on a toothbrush, and the teeth are cleaned in quadrants; all teeth surfaces are cleaned (vestibular, lingual, occlusal, and incisal). After each quadrant is cleaned, 10 mL of water (dispensed via a syringe) is used to rinse the quadrant and continual aspiration is used to remove all the gel and debris. After all the teeth are cleaned, the ventral surface of the tongue is brushed with posterior to anterior movements.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 18 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All the PICU children during 24 months of study were selected for participation.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • newborns, those that fulfilled the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention criteria for pneumonia in infants and children at the time of PICU admission, PICU LOS less than 48 hours, presence of tracheostomy and those that declined to participate.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Mavilde da Luz Gonçalves Pedreira, Nursing School, Federal University of São Paulo
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01410682     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ORAL CARE
Study First Received: August 4, 2011
Last Updated: August 4, 2011
Health Authority: Brazil: Escola Paulista de Enfermagem (Nursing School), Federal University of São Paulo.

Keywords provided by Federal University of São Paulo:
oral hygiene
ventilator-associated pneumonia
infection control
intensive care
pediatric nursing
pediatrics

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Chlorhexidine
Chlorhexidine gluconate
Anti-Infective Agents, Local
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Disinfectants
Dermatologic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 22, 2014