Assessment of the Pharmacokinetics of GSK1278863 and Metabolites in Normal Subjects and Subjects With Renal Impairment

This study has been terminated.
(Difficulty enrolling last cohort of subjects)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01406340
First received: July 26, 2011
Last updated: May 29, 2014
Last verified: May 2014
  Purpose

This will be an open-label, parallel-group study to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of GSK1278863 and metabolites in normal subjects and subjects with impaired renal function, including those who are hemodialysis dependent. GSK1278863 will be administered once daily for 14 days to normal subjects and subjects with Stage 3 and Stage 4 renal function, and 15 days to subjects with Stage 5 renal function. Pharmacokinetic assessments will be made on Days 1 and 14 (normal subjects, subjects with Stage 3 and Stage 4 renal function) or Days 14 and 15 (dialysis and non-dialysis days; Stage 5).


Condition Intervention Phase
Anaemia
Drug: 5 mg GSK1278863
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Official Title: A Repeat-dose, Open-label, Parallel-group Study to Assess the Pharmacokinetics of GSK1278863 and Metabolites in Normal Subjects and Subjects With Impaired Renal Function

Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Area under the concentration-time curve over the dosing interval . Composite of Pharmacokinetics [ Time Frame: Blood samples will be collected at predose, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 48 and 72hr post dosing on Day 1 and Day 14 for normal and Stage3/4 subjects, and on Day 14 and Day 15 for Stage 5 subjects ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Area under the concentration-time curve over the dosing interval of GSK1278863 and metabolites on Day 1 and Day 14 for normal subjects and subjects with Stage 3/4 renal function; Area under the concentration-time curve over the dosing interval of GSK1278863 and metabolites on Day 14 (dialysis) and Day 15 (non-dialysis) for subjects with Stage 5 renal function.

  • Area under the concentration-time curve from time zero (pre-dose) extrapolated to infinite time. Composite of Pharmacokinetics [ Time Frame: Blood samples will be collected at predose, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 48 and 72hr post dosing on Day 1 in normal and Stage3/4 subjects ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Area under the concentration-time curve from time zero (pre-dose) of GSK1278863 and metabolites on Day 1 for normal subjects and subjects with Stage 3/4 renal functione-dose) extrapolated to infinite time for

  • Maximum observed concentration. Composite of Pharmacokinetics [ Time Frame: Blood samples will be collected at predose, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 48 and 72hr post dosing on Day 1 and Day 14 for normal and Stage3/4 subjects, and on Day 14 and Day 15 for Stage 5 subjects ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Maximum observed concentration of GSK1278863 and metabolites on Day 1 and Day 14 for normal subjects and subjects with Stage 3/4 renal function; Maximum observed concentration of GSK1278863 and metabolites on Day 14 and Day 15 for subjects with Stage 5 renal function.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety and tolerability as assessed by the number of adverse events during the dosing period. [ Time Frame: For normal subjects and subjects with Stage 3/4 renal function, from Day 1 to the follow-up visit at approximately Day 27. For subjects with Stage 5 renal function, from Day 1 to the follow-up visit at approximately Day 28. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Time of occurrence of maximum observed concentration [ Time Frame: Day 1 and Day 14 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time of occurrence of maximum observed concentration of GSK1278863 and metabolites on Day 1 and Day 14 for normal subjects and subjects with Stage 3/4 renal function

  • Terminal phase half-life [ Time Frame: Day 1 and Day 14 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Terminal phase half-life of GSK1278863 and metabolites on Day 1 and Day 14 for normal subjects and subjects with Stage 3/4 renal function

  • renal clearance [ Time Frame: Day 14 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    renal clearance of GSK1278863 and metabolites in normal subjects and subjects with Stage 3/4 renal function

  • dialysis clearance [ Time Frame: Day 14 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    dialysis clearance of GSK1278863 and metabolites in Stage 5 renal function

  • change from baseline in QTcB or QTcF [ Time Frame: For normal subjects and subjects with Stage 3/4 renal function, from Day 1 to Day 14; For subjects with Stage 5 renal function, from day 1 to day 15. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • change from baseline in heart rate [ Time Frame: For normal subjects and subjects with Stage 3/4 renal function, from Day 1 to the follow-up visit at approximately Day 27. For subjects with Stage 5 renal function, from Day 1 to the follow-up visit at approximately Day 28. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Safety and tolerability of GSK1278863 as assessed by change from baseline in toxicity grading of clinical laboratory tests [ Time Frame: For normal subjects and subjects with Stage 3/4 renal function, from Day 1 to Day 15; For subjects with Stage 5 renal function, from Day 1 to Day 16. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 22
Study Start Date: August 2011
Study Completion Date: August 2013
Primary Completion Date: August 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Normal subjects and subjects with Stage 3/4 renal function
Subjects will receive 5mg GSK1278863 for 14 days.
Drug: 5 mg GSK1278863
5 mg per day administered orally for 14 days for normal subjects and subjects with Stage 3/4 renal function; 5 mg per day administered orally for 15 days for subjects with Stage 5 renal function
Experimental: Subjects with Stage 5 renal function
Subjects will receive 5mg GSK1278863 for 15 days.
Drug: 5 mg GSK1278863
5 mg per day administered orally for 14 days for normal subjects and subjects with Stage 3/4 renal function; 5 mg per day administered orally for 15 days for subjects with Stage 5 renal function

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

All Study Participants

A subject will be eligible for inclusion in this study only if all of the following criteria apply:

  • Adults between 18 and 75 years of age at the time of Screening.
  • A female subject is eligible to participate if she is of childbearing potential, and must agree to use one of the contraception methods described in the protocol. This criterion must be followed from the time of Screening until completion of the Follow-up Visit. OR Non-childbearing potential as defined in the protocol.
  • Male subjects with female partners of child-bearing potential must agree to use one of the contraception methods in the protocol. This criterion must be followed from the time of the first dose of investigational product until completion of the Follow-up visit.
  • Satisfactory medical evaluation based upon medical history, medication history, physical examination, and clinical laboratory data obtained at the screening visit.
  • Body weight ≥ 45 kg and ≤ 140 kg at screening. For Stage 5 subjects, body weight is dry weight after hemodialysis.
  • QTcF < 450 msec; OR QTcF < 480 msec in subjects with Bundle Branch Block. These should be based on average of triplicate values obtained over brief recording period at screening and Predose on Day 1.
  • Vitamin B12 and folate above the lower limit of normal at screening.
  • The subject is mentally and legally able to comply with the requirements and restrictions of the protocol and has provided signed informed consent prior to participation in any protocol-specific procedures, including screening procedures.

Additional Inclusion Criteria for Subjects with Normal Renal Function

  • Has normal creatinine clearance (CLCR) via the Cockcroft-Gault equation, using serum creatinine and demographic data, obtained at Screening. Normal subjects should have no greater than trace blood or protein on Screening urinalysis.
  • A hemoglobin value at screening is greater than the lower limit of the reference range for the local laboratory and less than or equal to 16.0g/dL
  • No greater than trace blood on screening urinalysis
  • Laboratory values for which specific criteria are not defined within the inclusion and exclusion criteria for this study must be within the normal range or deemed not clinically significant. A normal subject with a clinical abnormality or laboratory parameters outside the reference range may be included only if the investigator and the GSK Medical Monitor agree that the finding is unlikely to introduce additional risk factors and will not interfere with the study procedures, or the integrity of the study.

Additional Inclusion Criteria for Subjects with Renal Impairment

  • Has Stage 3 or Stage 4 renal function (not receiving dialysis) as determined by estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) calculated by the abbreviated MDRD equation OR has Stage 5 renal function (end-stage renal failure) and has been on stable hemodialysis treatment scheduled three times weekly for 3 months prior to screening and the serum creatinine value at the Day -1 visit must be within +/- 20% of the screening value.
  • Is otherwise considered clinically stable with respect to underlying renal impairment as determined by a responsible and experienced physician, based on a medical evaluation including medical history, physical examination, laboratory tests and ECG.
  • has clinical laboratory test results that are considered clinically stable in the opinion of the Investigator, especially if the clinical abnormality or laboratory parameter is deemed associated with the subject's underlying renal impairment.
  • has AST, ALT, alkaline phosphatase and bilirubin < or = 1.5xULN (isolated bilirubin >1.5xULN is acceptable if bilirubin is fractionated and direct bilirubin <35%).
  • Meets the following erythropoiesis stimulating agent (ESA) criteria: The subject is ESA naïve OR the subject has a scheduled ESA interval which is ≤ 7 days, ESA treatment must be discontinued for at least 7 days OR the subject has a scheduled ESA interval which is > 7 days, ESA treatment must be discontinued for at least that scheduled interval length (e.g. discontinued ≥ 14 days for a scheduled 14 day ESA interval) AND the subject will not resume ESA treatment until completion of the Follow-up Visit.
  • Has a hemoglobin value: For ESA naïve subjects: ≤11.0 g/dL or subjects receiving ongoing ESA treatment: ≤12.0 g/dL at screening with a re check value of ≤11.0 g/dL after appropriate ESA discontinuation according to the Inclusion criterion on use of ESAs and prior to commencing investigational product dosing.

Exclusion Criteria:

A subject will not be eligible for inclusion in this study if any of the following criteria apply:

All Study Participants

  • A positive pre-study Hepatitis B surface antigen or positive Hepatitis C antibody result at Screening.
  • A positive test for HIV antibody.
  • Uncontrolled hypertension (diastolic BP >100 mmHg or systolic BP >160 mmHg at Screening.
  • A positive drugs of abuse and alcohol screen.
  • History of regular alcohol consumption within 6 months of the study as described in the protocol.
  • History of regular use of tobacco- or nicotine-containing products within 6 months of the study in excess of 20 cigarettes per day or equivalent.
  • History of drug abuse or dependence within 6 months of the study.
  • History of sensitivity to any of the investigational products, or components thereof or a history of drug or other allergy that, in the opinion of the investigator or GSK Medical Monitor, contraindicates their participation.
  • The subject has participated in a clinical trial and has received an experimental investigational product within the following time period prior to the first dosing day in the current study: 30 days, 5 half-lives or twice the duration of the biological effect of the investigational product (whichever is longer).
  • History of sensitivity to heparin or heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (if the clinical research unit uses heparin to maintain intravenous cannula patency).
  • History of thrombosis defined as deep vein thrombosis, stroke, pulmonary embolism or other thrombosis related condition within 1 year prior to Screening.
  • History of myocardial infarction or acute coronary syndrome within 1 year prior to Screening
  • Subjects with a pre-existing condition interfering with normal gastrointestinal anatomy or motility, and/or hepatic function that could interfere with the absorption, metabolism, and/or excretion of the investigational product. Examples of conditions that could interfere with normal gastrointestinal anatomy or motility include cholecystectomy, gastrointestinal bypass surgery, partial or total gastrectomy, small bowel resection, vagotomy, malabsorption, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, or celiac sprue. Examples of conditions that could interfere with hepatic function include Gilbert's syndrome.
  • Evidence of active peptic, duodenal or esophageal ulcer disease at Screening.
  • History of chronic rectal bleeding.
  • Subjects with polycystic kidney disease.
  • Subjects with chronic inflammatory disease that could impact erythropoiesis (e.g., scleroderma, systemic lupus erythematosis, rheumatoid arthritis, celiac disease).
  • Subjects with chronic lung disease requiring supplemental oxygen.
  • Patients with a diagnosis of pulmonary artery hypertension.
  • Subjects with Class III or Class IV heart failure, as defined by the New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification system.
  • Post-renal transplantation subjects with functioning transplant. Note: Failed transplant subjects back on hemodialysis are eligible for participating in this study but should not be on immunosuppressive medications for past 3 months at Screening.
  • Active malignancy or diagnosis of malignancy within 5 years prior to screening (excluding successfully treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma).
  • History of proliferative vascular eye disease (e.g., choroidal or retinal disease, such as neovascular age-related macular degeneration or proliferative diabetic retinopathy or wet macular edema) based on verbal confirmation having had an ophthalmologic exam within 12 months of screening.
  • Pregnant females as determined by positive serum beta-hCG test at Screening and Day -1.
  • Lactating females.
  • Where participation in the study would result in donation of blood or blood products in excess of 500 mL within a 56 day period.
  • Unwillingness or inability to follow the procedures, or lifestyle and/or dietary restrictions outlined in the informed consent and as directed by site staff.
  • Consumption of red wine, grapefruit (juice), blood orange (juice), star fruit, onions, kale, broccoli, green beans, or apples from 7 days prior to the first dose of investigational product, unless in the opinion of the Investigator and GSK Medical Monitor this will not interfere with the study procedures and compromise subject safety.
  • Subject is either an immediate family member of a participating investigator, study coordinator, employee of an investigator; or is a member of the staff conducting the study.

Additional Exclusion Criteria for Subjects with Normal Renal Function

  • The values of hematological parameters at screening are outside the reference range and deemed clinically significant by the Investigator or GSK Medical Monitor.
  • The values of the following tests at screening are: - TIBC: outside the reference range and serum iron: outside the reference range and serum ferritin: outside the reference range.
  • Use or planned use of any prescription or non-prescription drugs that are prohibited as defined in the protocol within 7 days (or 14 days if the drug is a potential enzyme inducer) or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) prior to the first dose of investigational product until completion of the follow-up visit unless in the opinion of the investigator or GSK Medical Monitor the medication will not interfere with the study procedures or compromise subject safety.

Additional Exclusion Criteria for Subjects with Renal Impairment

  • The values of ferritin and transferrin at Screening for renal impaired subjects are: transferrin saturation ≥ 20% and serum ferritin < 100 μg/L
  • Taking a prohibited medication or supplement (with the exception of approved vitamins or minerals within 7 days (or 14 days if the drug is a potential enzyme inducer) or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) prior to the first dose of investigational product until completion of the follow-up visit, unless in the opinion of the Investigator and sponsor the medication will not interfere with the study. The following medications are specifically prohibited from screening to the follow-up visit: non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) and immunosuppressant drugs and drugs used to treat malignancies.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01406340

Locations
United States, California
GSK Investigational Site
Costa Mesa, California, United States, 92626
United States, Florida
GSK Investigational Site
Miami, Florida, United States, 33169
GSK Investigational Site
Orlando, Florida, United States, 32809
United States, Minnesota
GSK Investigational Site
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55404
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01406340     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 115573
Study First Received: July 26, 2011
Last Updated: May 29, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 16, 2014