Clinical and Economic Burden of Uncontrolled Epilepsy: Analyses From a Medicaid Database and a Private Health Plan Database

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01390909
First received: July 7, 2011
Last updated: October 4, 2012
Last verified: June 2012
  Purpose

Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are the main therapeutic option for patients with epilepsy; however, complete seizure control remains elusive for many patients. Uncontrolled or refractory epilepsy is associated with a higher risk of mortality, physical injuries, and depression or anxiety compared with patients with controlled epilepsy. Higher resource utilization for patients with poor control is likely to be associated with higher economic costs. While diagnostic criteria for uncontrolled epilepsy are debated by neurologists, recent studies suggest that a diagnosis of uncontrolled epilepsy requires 1.) at least one seizure per month and 2.) a history of drug failures.

The objective of this study is to identify patients with uncontrolled epilepsy in both a Medicaid database and a private health plan database, to describe patient characteristics and AED treatment patterns between cohorts of patients with uncontrolled versus well-controlled epilepsy, and to evaluate the economic burden of uncontrolled versus well-controlled epilepsy.

For this evaluation, the data sources are medical and pharmacy claims in Medicaid databases from Florida (Third quarter 1997 to second quarter 2008), Iowa (First quarter 1998 to second quarter 2006), Kansas (First quarter 2001 to second quarter 2009), Missouri (First quarter 1997 to second quarter 2008) and New Jersey (First quarter 1997 to fourth quarter 2008) and medical and pharmacy claims in an private health plan database.

The study design is a retrospective, longitudinal, matched-cohort study. Eligible patient records will be assigned to one of three mutually-exclusive cohorts: uncontrolled epilepsy (at least 2 consecutive changes in AED therapy in at least 30 days, and at least 1 epilepsy-related inpatient or emergency department (ED) visit within 365 days), well-controlled epilepsy (no AED changes and no epilepsy-related inpatient or ED visits), and intermediate epilepsy (not classified as uncontrolled or well-controlled).


Condition Intervention
Epilepsy
Drug: Anti-epileptic drug (AED)

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Retrospective
Official Title: Clinical and Economic Burden of Uncontrolled Epilepsy: Analyses From a Medicaid Database and a Private Health Plan Database

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Average Annualized Costs [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Average annualized overall healthcare costs and epilepsy-related healthcare costs were calculated for each treatment group. Epilepsy-related costs were those with a code for epilepsy. ED, Emergency Department; AMC, All Medical Costs; Ep Rel, Epilepsy Related. United States dollars were consumer price index adjusted for 2009.


Enrollment: 12386
Study Start Date: May 2010
Study Completion Date: January 2011
Primary Completion Date: January 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts Assigned Interventions
Medicaid patients with uncontrolled epilepsy
Database records for patients with 2 or more consecutive changes in anti-epileptic drug (AED) therapy occurring at least 30 days apart and followed by 1 or more epilepsy-related inpatient or emergency department (ED) visits within the 365 days
Drug: Anti-epileptic drug (AED)
Prescription claim for at least one AED including lamotrigine, tiagabine, pregabalin, ethosuximide, lacosamide, phenytoin, carbamazepine, valproic acid, felbamate, levetiracetam, zonisamide, primidone, oxcarbazepine, vigabatrin, phenobarbital, gabapentin, topiramate.
Other Names:
  • Mysoline® is a registered trademark of Valeant Pharmaceuticals
  • Neurotin® is registered trademark of Pfizer
  • Inc
  • Vimpat® is a registered trademark of UCB Pharma
  • Tegretol® is a registered trademark of Novartis Pharmaceuticals
  • Trileptal® is a registered trademark of Novartis Pharmaceuticals
  • Sabril® is a registered trademark of Lundbeck Inc
  • Felbatol® is a registered trademark of MedPointe
  • Topamax® is a registered trademark of Ortho-McNeill-Janssen Pharmaceuticals
  • Depakote® is a registered trademark of Abbott Laboratories
  • Zonegran® is a registered trademark of Dainippon Pharmaceutical C. Ltd.
  • Gabatril® is a registered trademark of Cephalon
  • Keppra® is registered trademark of UCB Pharma
  • Zarontin® is a registered trademark of Pfizer
  • Lamictal® is a registered trademark of GlaxoSmithKline
  • Luminal® is a registered trademark of Abbott Laboratories
  • Dilantin® is a registered trademark of Pfizer
  • Lyrica is registered trademark of Pfizer
Medicaid patients with well-controlled epilepsy
Database records for patients with an epilepsy diagnosis but no AED change and no epilepsy-related inpatient or ED visits
Drug: Anti-epileptic drug (AED)
Prescription claim for at least one AED including lamotrigine, tiagabine, pregabalin, ethosuximide, lacosamide, phenytoin, carbamazepine, valproic acid, felbamate, levetiracetam, zonisamide, primidone, oxcarbazepine, vigabatrin, phenobarbital, gabapentin, topiramate.
Other Names:
  • Mysoline® is a registered trademark of Valeant Pharmaceuticals
  • Neurotin® is registered trademark of Pfizer
  • Inc
  • Vimpat® is a registered trademark of UCB Pharma
  • Tegretol® is a registered trademark of Novartis Pharmaceuticals
  • Trileptal® is a registered trademark of Novartis Pharmaceuticals
  • Sabril® is a registered trademark of Lundbeck Inc
  • Felbatol® is a registered trademark of MedPointe
  • Topamax® is a registered trademark of Ortho-McNeill-Janssen Pharmaceuticals
  • Depakote® is a registered trademark of Abbott Laboratories
  • Zonegran® is a registered trademark of Dainippon Pharmaceutical C. Ltd.
  • Gabatril® is a registered trademark of Cephalon
  • Keppra® is registered trademark of UCB Pharma
  • Zarontin® is a registered trademark of Pfizer
  • Lamictal® is a registered trademark of GlaxoSmithKline
  • Luminal® is a registered trademark of Abbott Laboratories
  • Dilantin® is a registered trademark of Pfizer
  • Lyrica is registered trademark of Pfizer
Medicaid patients with intermediate epilepsy
Database records for patients who are not classified as uncontrolled or well-controlled
Drug: Anti-epileptic drug (AED)
Prescription claim for at least one AED including lamotrigine, tiagabine, pregabalin, ethosuximide, lacosamide, phenytoin, carbamazepine, valproic acid, felbamate, levetiracetam, zonisamide, primidone, oxcarbazepine, vigabatrin, phenobarbital, gabapentin, topiramate.
Other Names:
  • Mysoline® is a registered trademark of Valeant Pharmaceuticals
  • Neurotin® is registered trademark of Pfizer
  • Inc
  • Vimpat® is a registered trademark of UCB Pharma
  • Tegretol® is a registered trademark of Novartis Pharmaceuticals
  • Trileptal® is a registered trademark of Novartis Pharmaceuticals
  • Sabril® is a registered trademark of Lundbeck Inc
  • Felbatol® is a registered trademark of MedPointe
  • Topamax® is a registered trademark of Ortho-McNeill-Janssen Pharmaceuticals
  • Depakote® is a registered trademark of Abbott Laboratories
  • Zonegran® is a registered trademark of Dainippon Pharmaceutical C. Ltd.
  • Gabatril® is a registered trademark of Cephalon
  • Keppra® is registered trademark of UCB Pharma
  • Zarontin® is a registered trademark of Pfizer
  • Lamictal® is a registered trademark of GlaxoSmithKline
  • Luminal® is a registered trademark of Abbott Laboratories
  • Dilantin® is a registered trademark of Pfizer
  • Lyrica is registered trademark of Pfizer
Patients in a private health plan with uncontrolled epilepsy
Database records for patients with 2 or more consecutive changes in AED therapy occuring at least 30 days apart and followed by 1 or more epilepsy-related inpatient or ED visits within 365 days
Drug: Anti-epileptic drug (AED)
Prescription claim for at least one AED including lamotrigine, tiagabine, pregabalin, ethosuximide, lacosamide, phenytoin, carbamazepine, valproic acid, felbamate, levetiracetam, zonisamide, primidone, oxcarbazepine, vigabatrin, phenobarbital, gabapentin, topiramate.
Other Names:
  • Mysoline® is a registered trademark of Valeant Pharmaceuticals
  • Neurotin® is registered trademark of Pfizer
  • Inc
  • Vimpat® is a registered trademark of UCB Pharma
  • Tegretol® is a registered trademark of Novartis Pharmaceuticals
  • Trileptal® is a registered trademark of Novartis Pharmaceuticals
  • Sabril® is a registered trademark of Lundbeck Inc
  • Felbatol® is a registered trademark of MedPointe
  • Topamax® is a registered trademark of Ortho-McNeill-Janssen Pharmaceuticals
  • Depakote® is a registered trademark of Abbott Laboratories
  • Zonegran® is a registered trademark of Dainippon Pharmaceutical C. Ltd.
  • Gabatril® is a registered trademark of Cephalon
  • Keppra® is registered trademark of UCB Pharma
  • Zarontin® is a registered trademark of Pfizer
  • Lamictal® is a registered trademark of GlaxoSmithKline
  • Luminal® is a registered trademark of Abbott Laboratories
  • Dilantin® is a registered trademark of Pfizer
  • Lyrica is registered trademark of Pfizer
Patients in a private health plan with well-controlled epileps
Database records for patients with an epilepsy diagnosis but no AED change and no epilepsy-related inpatient or ED visits
Drug: Anti-epileptic drug (AED)
Prescription claim for at least one AED including lamotrigine, tiagabine, pregabalin, ethosuximide, lacosamide, phenytoin, carbamazepine, valproic acid, felbamate, levetiracetam, zonisamide, primidone, oxcarbazepine, vigabatrin, phenobarbital, gabapentin, topiramate.
Other Names:
  • Mysoline® is a registered trademark of Valeant Pharmaceuticals
  • Neurotin® is registered trademark of Pfizer
  • Inc
  • Vimpat® is a registered trademark of UCB Pharma
  • Tegretol® is a registered trademark of Novartis Pharmaceuticals
  • Trileptal® is a registered trademark of Novartis Pharmaceuticals
  • Sabril® is a registered trademark of Lundbeck Inc
  • Felbatol® is a registered trademark of MedPointe
  • Topamax® is a registered trademark of Ortho-McNeill-Janssen Pharmaceuticals
  • Depakote® is a registered trademark of Abbott Laboratories
  • Zonegran® is a registered trademark of Dainippon Pharmaceutical C. Ltd.
  • Gabatril® is a registered trademark of Cephalon
  • Keppra® is registered trademark of UCB Pharma
  • Zarontin® is a registered trademark of Pfizer
  • Lamictal® is a registered trademark of GlaxoSmithKline
  • Luminal® is a registered trademark of Abbott Laboratories
  • Dilantin® is a registered trademark of Pfizer
  • Lyrica is registered trademark of Pfizer
Patients in a private health plan with intermediate epilepsy
Database records for patients who are not classified as uncontrolled or well-controlled
Drug: Anti-epileptic drug (AED)
Prescription claim for at least one AED including lamotrigine, tiagabine, pregabalin, ethosuximide, lacosamide, phenytoin, carbamazepine, valproic acid, felbamate, levetiracetam, zonisamide, primidone, oxcarbazepine, vigabatrin, phenobarbital, gabapentin, topiramate.
Other Names:
  • Mysoline® is a registered trademark of Valeant Pharmaceuticals
  • Neurotin® is registered trademark of Pfizer
  • Inc
  • Vimpat® is a registered trademark of UCB Pharma
  • Tegretol® is a registered trademark of Novartis Pharmaceuticals
  • Trileptal® is a registered trademark of Novartis Pharmaceuticals
  • Sabril® is a registered trademark of Lundbeck Inc
  • Felbatol® is a registered trademark of MedPointe
  • Topamax® is a registered trademark of Ortho-McNeill-Janssen Pharmaceuticals
  • Depakote® is a registered trademark of Abbott Laboratories
  • Zonegran® is a registered trademark of Dainippon Pharmaceutical C. Ltd.
  • Gabatril® is a registered trademark of Cephalon
  • Keppra® is registered trademark of UCB Pharma
  • Zarontin® is a registered trademark of Pfizer
  • Lamictal® is a registered trademark of GlaxoSmithKline
  • Luminal® is a registered trademark of Abbott Laboratories
  • Dilantin® is a registered trademark of Pfizer
  • Lyrica is registered trademark of Pfizer

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

The electronic records from adult patients with epilepsy who are enrolled in Medicaid in Florida, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri or New Jersey or in a private health plan database. Patient records will be classified into one of three mutually-exclusive cohorts: uncontrolled epilepsy, well-controlled epilepsy, and intermediate epilepsy (not classified as uncontrolled or well-controlled).

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • At least 18 years of age at the initiation of anti-epileptic drug (AED) treatment as noted in the database
  • A record of at least one medical visit with a diagnosis of epilepsy (ICD-9-CM 345.xx) or at least two diagnoses of non-febrile convulsions (ICD-9-CM 780.30 or 780.39) occuring more than 30 days apart
  • At least one pharmacy claim for an anti-epileptic drug (AED)
  • Continuous enrollment throughout the observation period (minimum of 365 days). Patients with gaps in Medicaid enrollment will be observed only during their period of continuous enrollment, provided that all the above criteria are met

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Age less than 18 years
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01390909

Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01390909     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 113917
Study First Received: July 7, 2011
Results First Received: October 13, 2011
Last Updated: October 4, 2012
Health Authority: United States: No Health Authority

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
epilepsy
anti-epileptic drug
polytherapy
adherence
Medicaid

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Epilepsy
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Anticonvulsants
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 22, 2014