Neurophysiological Studies in Schizophrenia and Psychiatric Disorders (BSNIP)
The overall goal of this project is to identify intermediate phenotypes for psychosis across the schizophrenia and bipolar disorders boundary with implications for future genetic studies. Recent studies provide considerable evidence that schizophrenia and psychotic bipolar disorder may share overlapping etiologic determinants. Identifying disease-related genetic effects is a major focus in schizophrenia and bipolar research, with enormous implications for diagnosis and treatment for these two disorders. Efforts have been multifaceted, with the ultimate goal of describing causal paths from specific genetic variants, to changes in neuronal functioning, to altered brain anatomy, to behavioral and functional impairments. Parallel efforts have identified and refined several alternative endophenotypes that are stable, heritable, have (partly) known biological substrates, and are associated with psychosis liability. Although many such endophenotypes have been individually studied in schizophrenia, and to a lesser extent in bipolar disorder, no study has comprehensively assessed a broad panel of these markers in the two disorders with parallel recruitment, and the extent to which they mark independent aspects of psychosis risk, or their overlap in the two disorders. In this research project, we will examine a broad panel of putative endophenotypes in affected individuals and their first degree, biological relatives in order to: 1) characterize the degree of familial phenotypic overlap between schizophrenia and psychotic bipolar disorders; 2) identify patterns of endophenotypes unique to the two disorders; and, 3) contrast the heritability of endophenotypes across the disorders. We will obtain measures of neurophysiology (e.g., eye tracking, P50 gating, PPI, and P300), neurocognition (e.g., attention/vigilance, episodic and working memory), and brain structure (e.g., volumes of gray and white matter in specified brain regions). Blood samples will also be collected and stored for formal DNA linkage analyses using the independent phenotypes identified above. All volunteers will also be given the option to donate dermal biopsies for future research studies.
Establishing similarities and differences in the endophenotypic signatures within schizophrenia and bipolar families will provide important insights for future genetic studies, and clarify concepts about common and distinct aspects of pathophysiology, potentially meaningful heterogeneity with disorders, and the clinical boundaries of the two most common psychotic disorders in adult psychiatry. This line of investigation will potentially impact our conceptualization of psychotic disorders, help us make critical strides to identify the pathophysiology of psychosis, and guide development of new specific treatments targeting particular deficits.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Family-Based
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
|Official Title:||Neurophysiological and Genetic Studies in Schizophrenia and Other Psychiatric Disorders|
Blood, no more than 30cc; urine, small collection cup (about 30cc) to administer drug urine screen and pregnancy tests for females; buccal swabs (at least 5 swabs from volunteers that cannot donate blood); and, optional: 4mm punch of skin for dermal biopsy.
|Study Start Date:||December 2007|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||August 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Contact: Carol A Tamminga, MD||214-645-2789||Carol.Tamminga@utsouthwestern.edu|
|Contact: Debra Moore Bushong, MS, LPC||214-648-4653||Debra.Bushong@UTSouthwestern.edu|
|United States, Texas|
|University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center||Recruiting|
|Dallas, Texas, United States, 75390|
|Contact: Carol A Tamminga, MD 214-645-2789 Carol.Tamminga@utsouthwestern.edu|
|Contact: Debra Moore Bushong, MS, LPC 214-648-4653 Debra.Bushong@utsouthwestern.edu|
|Principal Investigator: Carol A Tamminga, MD|