Effects of Iloprost Treatment in Adult Patients With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Related to Congenital Heart Disease (EIGER)
Recruitment status was Active, not recruiting
The prevalence of PAH associated with congenital systemic-to-pulmonary shunts in Western countries has been estimated to range between 1.6 and 12.5 cases per million adults, with 25-50% of this population affected by Eisenmenger's syndrome. The rarity of this syndrome, combined with its complex pathophysiology, account for the insufficient understanding of the principles underlying its proper treatment.Recent decades have seen developments in pulmonary hypertension pathophysiology which have led to the introduction of new groups of drugs: prostacycline analogs (Epoprostenol, Treprostinil, Beraprost, Illoprost), phosphodiesterase inhibitors (Sildenafil, Tadalafil), endothelin receptor antagonists (Bosentan, Sitaxantan, Ambrisentan) and nitric oxide. These drugs should be administered to patients in III-IV NYHA class. Despite successful early results, the therapeutic effect on patients with Eisenmenger syndrome has not been conclusively established The treatment strategy for patients with PAH associated with congenital systemic-to-pulmonary shunts and, in particular, those with Eisenmenger's syndrome is based mainly on clinical experience rather than being evidence based. Although Eisenmenger's syndrome is uncurable disease, the survival rate is relatively higher than primary PAH, and the patients with Eisenmenger's syndrome are relatively younger group. So the improvement of exercise tolerance and quality of life is very important. Several randomized controlled trial reported favourable short- and long-term outcomes of treatment with the orally active dual endothelin receptor antagonist bosentan in patients with Eisenmenger's syndrome. However, there was scare data of outcomes of treatment with the inhaled iloprost in patients with Eisenmenger's syndrome. In Korea, most of patients with Eisenmenger's syndrome are treated with conservative therapy instead of administration of PAH-specific drug, because of lack of clinical experience. Moreover, oral agent such as bosentan, sidenafil is preferred than iloprost becase of more evidence and convenience. Our therapeutic efforts should be directed mainly towards preventing complications. As a rule, we should avoid agents with no established therapeutic efficacy and try to alleviate symptoms without any additional risk, so as not to disrupt the existing clinical balance.
In this study, we investigate to know the clinical benefit of iloprost on patients with Eisenmenger's syndrome by the use of functional and hemodynamic parameters, which would add the evidence of PAH-specific agents on the Eisenmenger's syndrome
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Effects of Iloprost Treatment in Adult Patients With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Related to Congenital Heart Disease (Eisenmenger Physiology): Safety, Tolerability, Clinical, and Hemodynamic Effect.|
- Pulmonary Vascular Resistance [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline in PVR at 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]To identify hemodynamic benefit and safety of 24 weeks treatment with iloprost on patients with Eisenmenger's syndrom
- Assessment of quality of life [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline in QoL at 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]To investigate the change of quality of life(SF-12) after 24 weeks treatment with iloprost
- Exercise capacity [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in exercise capacity at 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]To investigate the change of exercise capacity(6-minute walking test) after 24 weeks treatment with iloprost
|Study Start Date:||November 2010|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||November 2012|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||June 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
In the adult patient group, iloprost acceptable target dose is 2.5 ug 4-6 times/day according to the patient's compliance. Because of the concern of safety and tolerability, during the first 4 weeks of treatment, patients receive 2.5 ug twice daily. After 4 weeks, this is increased to the target dose, if iloprost is well tolerated.
A large proportion of patients with congenital heart disease (CHD), in particular those with relevant systemic-to-pulmonary shunts, will develop pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) if left untreated. Persistent exposure of the pulmonary vasculature to increased blood flow, as well as increased pressure, may result in pulmonary obstructive arteriopathy, which leads to increased pulmonary vascular resistance that, if it approaches or exceeds systemic resistance, will result in shunt reversal. Eisenmenger's syndrome, the most advanced form of PAH associated with CHD, is defined as CHD with an initial large systemic-to-pulmonary shunt that induces severe pulmonary vascular disease and PAH, with resultant reversal of the shunt and central cyanosis. The histopathological and pathobiological changes seen in patients with PAH associated with congenital systemic-to-pulmonary shunts, such as endothelial dysfunction of the pulmonary vasculature, are considered similar to those observed in idiopathic or other associated forms of PAH.