An Efficacy Study for Epoetin Alfa in Anemic Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndromes

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janssen-Cilag International NV
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01381809
First received: June 23, 2011
Last updated: September 24, 2014
Last verified: September 2014
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to demonstrate that epoetin alfa works better than placebo in improving anemia in patients with lower-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). The safety of epoetin alfa will also be evaluated.


Condition Intervention Phase
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Drug: Group 2: Placebo
Drug: Group 1: Epoetin alfa
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Multicenter Study Evaluating Epoetin Alfa Versus Placebo in Anemic Patients With IPSS Low- or Intermediate-1-Risk Myelodysplastic Syndromes

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Janssen-Cilag International NV:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Erythroid response [ Time Frame: at week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Maintenance of Erythroid response [ Time Frame: every 4 weeks from week 24 to week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Duration of response [ Time Frame: every 4 weeks after week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Time to first Red Blood Cell transfusion [ Time Frame: from baseline to study end (week 28 for non responders, week 54 for responders or 4 weeks after early withdrawal) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Transfusion-free intervals [ Time Frame: from baseline to study end (week 28 for non responders, week 54 for responders or 4 weeks after early withdrawal) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Number of Red Blood Cell units transfused [ Time Frame: from baseline to study end (week 28 for non responders, week 54 for responders or 4 weeks after early withdrawal) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Quality of life as measured by Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Anemia/Fatigue (FACT-An) questionnaire [ Time Frame: at baseline, week 24 and week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Quality of life as measured by EuroQol 5-dimension (EQ-5D) questionnaire [ Time Frame: at baseline, week 24 and week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Drug consumption [ Time Frame: every 4 weeks from baseline to week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Duration of hospitalization [ Time Frame: every 4 weeks from baseline to week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Number and duration of medical care encounters [ Time Frame: every 4 weeks from baseline to week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 131
Study Start Date: October 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Epoetin alfa
Group 1: Epoetin alfa type = range unit= IU/Kg number= 337.5 to 1050 IU/Kg form= solution for injection route= subcutaneous use weekly injections (max 40 000 IU per week for first 8 weeks of treatment max 80 000 IU per week later) using pre-filled 1mL 40 000 IU syringes for 24 to 48 weeks
Drug: Group 1: Epoetin alfa
type = range, unit= IU/Kg, number= 337.5 to 1050 IU/Kg, form= solution for injection, route= subcutaneous use, weekly injections (max 40,000 IU per week for first 8 weeks of treatment, max 80,000 IU per week later) using pre-filled 1mL 40,000 IU syringes for 24 to 48 weeks
Placebo Comparator: No treatment
Group 2: Placebo form= solution for injection route= subcutaneous use weekly injections for 24 to 48 weeks
Drug: Group 2: Placebo
form= solution for injection, route= subcutaneous use, weekly injections for 24 to 48 weeks

Detailed Description:

This is a randomized (the treatment you receive will be assigned by chance), double-blind (neither physician nor patient knows the name of the assigned drug), placebo-controlled (comparison with patients that receive treatment without active ingredient), multicenter study of epoetin alfa in anemic patients who are diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) according to protocol-specified criteria. This study includes a 2-week screening phase, a 24-week treatment phase and a 24-week treatment extension phase. All patients enrolled in the study will complete an end-of-study visit 4 weeks after the last dose of study drug (Week 28 or Week 52), or 4 weeks after early withdrawal (unless the reason for early withdrawal is withdrawal of consent). Between 125 and 159 patients will be enrolled in the treatment phase of the study. During the screening phase, which will take place within 2 weeks before starting study drug, the study doctor will do tests to see if the patient is suitable for this study. Patients meeting entry criteria for the study will then be randomly assigned to one of the 2 treatment groups. This means that each patient who is allowed to join the study is put into a group by chance, like flipping a coin. Group 1 patients will receive epoetin alfa 450 or increased up to 1050 International Units (IU) per kg body weight administered by subcutaneous injection (injection beneath the skin) using pre-filled syringes. Injections will be done once every week at a weight-based dose regimen (the total weekly dose received will depend on your weight) with a possible total maximum dose of 40,000 IU once every week for the first 8 weeks of the treatment phase and 80,000 IU once every week at any other time during the study. Group 2 patients will receive a matching volume of placebo administered once every week by subcutaneous injection. The chance that the patient will get epoetin alfa is 2 to 1. Doses of study drug will be withheld, decreased, or increased on the basis of erythroid response, weekly hemoglobin concentrations monitored in patients and predefined dose adjustment guidelines. Patients will see the study doctor every 4 weeks for a period of 24 weeks. At each visit the patient will undergo a full hematologic evaluation, serum chemistry evaluation, measurement of blood pressure and pulse rate, recording of blood product transfusions and transfusion complications, adverse events, concomitant therapies and an evaluation for disease progression. The patient's Erythroid response will be assessed at Week 8 and every 4 weeks thereafter, until Week 24. Blinded study treatment will be administered to all patients at Week 24. However, at the end of the treatment phase (after the Week 24 response assessment), only responders will enter the double-blind treatment extension phase to measure the duration of response. Patients will continue to receive the same treatment, in the same blinded fashion, and at the same dose as received at Week 24, and will return to the study center every 4 weeks, until Week 48, for assessment of the Erythroid response and the evaluations as described above. For all non-responders at Week 24 the treatment code will be broken after Week 28 assessments. For responders at Week 48, the treatment code will be broken after the Week 48 visit, following completion of the response assessment. The treatment code will not be broken for subjects who discontinue study treatment before Week 24, irrespective of whether they are responders or nonresponders. For these subjects, the blind will not be broken until all subjects have completed the study and the database is final. Once the patient stops receiving doses of study drug, he/she will be asked to see the study doctor for the safety follow-up visit, which is scheduled 4 weeks after the last dose of study drug. Safety will be monitored throughout the study at predetermined intervals and as clinically indicated by physical examination, laboratory tests and evaluation of adverse events. An Independent Data Monitoring Committee (IDMC) will periodically review study data and for the assessment of disease progression. The total duration of study participation will be for about 30 or 54 weeks.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of MDS according to World Health Organization or French-American-British pathologic classification (confirmed via bone marrow aspirate/biopsy) within 12 weeks prior to screening
  • Documentation of an International Prognostic Scoring System score indicating Low- or Intermediate-1-risk disease within 12 weeks prior to screening
  • Hemoglobin concentration at screening and baseline (before the first dose of study drug) of 10.0 g/dL or less
  • Screening serum erythropoietin concentration of less than 500 mU/mL
  • Red Blood Cell transfusion requirement of less than or equal to 4 red blood cell units over the last 8 weeks before randomization

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Anemia attributed to factors other than MDS (including hemolysis, chronic renal failure, hepatitis, gastrointestinal bleeding)
  • Secondary MDS (ie, MDS arising after chemotherapy, immunotherapy or radiation therapy/exposure)
  • History of malignancy, except in situ skin basal cell carcinoma or carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast curatively treated
  • Prior therapy with any erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) (including innovative ESAs and biosimilar ESAs for approved indications or for investigational use) in the last 8 weeks before randomization
  • Prior use of approved or experimental agents for the treatment of MDS
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01381809

Locations
Bulgaria
Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Sofia, Bulgaria
Varna, Bulgaria
France
Amiens, France
Angers Cedex 9, France
Bobigny, France
Colmar, France
Paris Cedex 10, France
Pessac Cedex, France
Pierre Benite Cedex, France
Saint Priest En Jarez, France
Tours Cedex 9, France
Vandoeuvre Les Nancy, France
Germany
Berlin, Germany
Dresden, Germany
Duisburg, Germany
Düsseldorf, Germany
Dÿsseldorf, Germany
München, Germany
Oldenburg, Germany
Würzburg, Germany
Greece
Athens, Greece
Goudi-Athens, Greece
Larisa, Greece
Patra, Greece
Thessalonikis, Greece
Russian Federation
Ekaterinburg, Russian Federation
St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen-Cilag International NV
Investigators
Study Director: Janssen-Cilag International NV Clinical Trial Janssen-Cilag International NV
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Janssen-Cilag International NV
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01381809     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR018367, EPOANE3021, 2010-022884-36
Study First Received: June 23, 2011
Last Updated: September 24, 2014
Health Authority: Germany: Ethics Commission
Greece: National Organization of Medicines
Russia: Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation
France: Afssaps - Agence française de sécurité sanitaire des produits de santé (Saint-Denis)
Italy: Ministry of Health
Bulgaria: Ministry of Health

Keywords provided by Janssen-Cilag International NV:
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Bone Marrow disease
Anemia
Epoetin Alfa
Eprex
Erypo
Erythropoiesis-stimulating agent

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Preleukemia
Syndrome
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Neoplasms
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Epoetin alfa
Hematinics
Hematologic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 30, 2014