A Study to Characterize Event Related Potential Markers of Attentional Bias Towards Words and Images of Food

This study has been terminated.
(Results of the study would unfortunately no longer be of any scientific interest to the sponsor and would not be used to inform future studies.)
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01366508
First received: April 14, 2011
Last updated: June 2, 2011
Last verified: May 2011
  Purpose

GSK is planning to undertake two anti-obesity drug studies in the area of obesity. In addition to assessment by questionnaires, it would be of significant value to incorporate an objective non-interventional measure of cognitive or motivational processing associated with evaluating and responding to food stimuli. Obesity is associated with increased attentional bias to palatable foods. The aims of this protocol are two-fold, first to characterize Event Related Potentials (ERPs) of two common aspects of food stimuli relevant to eating disorders -presence of food and its palatability, and secondly, to assess the modulation of these ERPs by appetite. Following a successful completion of this study, it is the intention to use the paradigm developed in future studies in the area of obesity.


Condition
Obesity

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Retrospective
Official Title: An Experimental Medicine Study to Characterize Event Related Potential Markers of Attentional Bias Towards Words and Images of Food in Healthy Volunteers

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Event Related Potential Amplitude, Latency and Area Under the Curve, Reaction [ Time Frame: 1 hour ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Hip-to-waist ratio and BMI [ Time Frame: 6 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 5
Study Start Date: October 2009
Study Completion Date: October 2010
Primary Completion Date: December 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts
Visit B
At approximately 09:00 the subject will be given breakfast. After this, no food will be served until study procedures for the day are over. However, a 330 ml bottle of still water at room temperature will be given at ~11:00 and at ~13:00. During this period the subject will be required to remain in the unit.
Visit A
At approximately 13:00 the subject will be given a standard high calorie lunch that the subject is required to finish

Detailed Description:

GlaxoSmithKline is currently developing a number of drugs for the treatment of overheating including 'binge eating' in obesity. Historically, the behavioural effectiveness of anti-obesity drugs in clinical drug trials have utilised subjective rating scales to assess a person's drive or motivation to eat. Findings from these studies have good construct validity, but suffer from the shortcomings of self-reporting, e.g. the subject bias, dishonesty, misinterpretation. It follows that in addition to self-reporting, it would strengthen the interpretation of any future studies on anti-obesity drugs, if there were to be an objective measure of brain activity in relation to cognitive/motivational processes associated with evaluation and responding to food related cues.

Measuring event related potentials (ERPs) during cognitive processes of food related cues, using the electroencephalography technique (EEG) offers a an alternative objective approach to examining the effectives of anti-obesity drugs.

This protocol proposes to develop and use two cognitive tasks examining response to food related cues (pictorial and words) with concurrent recording of ERPs, in order to characterize neurophysiological events associated with attentional bias towards food related stimuli.

The first task is an image processing task. This task uses food images similar to those in the International Affective Picture System (IAPS) used in ERP studies of perceptual processing of emotional stimuli [Olofsson, 2008; Schupp, 2006]. In this task a subject views different categories of images; palatable high-calorie food images, non-palatable low-calorie food images and non-edible plant images. The latter is the neutral category against which the ERPs of the two food categories will be compared. Affective pictures have been used to assess emotional valence by measuring differences in anterior ERP measurements between images from differing groups.

The protocol also proposes to measure late positive potential in order to assess higher level cognitive processing possibly with early memory formation. Again, the proposal is to assess AUCs, in this case in the 400-600 ms region and then look at difference curves between the late potential potentials to different valency stimuli. For the late positive potentials, anterior laterality will also be assessed. The second task is a cued-target task of visuospatial attention to motivationally salient words. The task is a version of the Posner paradigm. The appearance of a food or nonfood word inside a top or bottom frame (the cue) distracts the attention of the subject towards that spatial location. Following the word either one of the two frames changes appearance (the target).

In addition to these emotion and attention measures, the protocol proposes to assess the more standard N1, P1 and P3 [Luck, 2005]. After completing the ERP recordings the subject will be asked to rate each picture for salience and valence in order to provide a comparison between objective neurophysiological and subjective attention and emotional ratings.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

The study will recruit a sufficient number of healthy volunteers in order that approximately 20 evaluable subjects complete the study.

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy as judged by the responsible physician or designee based on a medical evaluation including medical history.

    1. Right handed male between 18 and 65 years of age inclusive, at the time of signing the informed consent.
    2. BMI within the range 27 - 35 kg/m2 (inclusive).
    3. Capable of giving written informed consent, which includes compliance with the requirements and restrictions listed in the consent form.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • A subject will not be eligible for inclusion in this study if any of the following criteria apply:

    1. The subject has either a previous disease or current medical condition, which as judged by the Investigator, may affect the interpretation of efficacy data. These diseases include, but are not limited to, cardiovascular disease, malignancy, hepatic disease, renal disease, haematological disease, neurological disease, psychiatric diseases or endocrine disease.
    2. The subject has a positive urine drug screen. A minimum list of drugs that will be screened for include Amphetamines, Barbiturates, Cocaine, Opiates, Cannabinoids, Methadone and Benzodiazepines.
    3. The subject has a history of alcohol or substance abuse or dependence in the 6 months prior to screening as determined by the investigator. Abuse of alcohol, defined for males, as an average weekly intake of greater than 28 units (or an average daily intake of greater than 4 units). One unit is equivalent to a half-pint (220mL) of beer or 1 (25mL) measure of spirits or 1 glass (125mL) of wine.
    4. A positive alcohol breath test.
    5. The subject has a history of stroke, seizures, epilepsy or abnormal EEG.
    6. The subject is a smoker.
    7. The subject has participated in a clinical trial and has received an investigational product within the following time period prior to the first dosing day in the current study: 30 days, 5 half-lives or twice the duration of the biological effect of the investigational product (whichever is longer).
    8. Subjects who are currently taking any regular medication.
    9. Subject has a history of clinically significant eating disorders.
    10. Subject is a vegetarian.
    11. Subject is a member of GlaxoSmithKline Clinical Unit staff.
    12. Subject is female.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01366508

Locations
United Kingdom
GSK Investigational Site
Cambridge, United Kingdom, CB2 2GG
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Cheri Hudson; Clinical Disclosure Advisor, GSK Clinical Disclosure
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01366508     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 112336
Study First Received: April 14, 2011
Last Updated: June 2, 2011
Health Authority: United Kingdom: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Obesity
Overnutrition
Nutrition Disorders
Overweight
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 23, 2014