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An Assessment of SAFE (Swift Accountable Fair Enforcement) in Cochise County

This study is enrolling participants by invitation only.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
University of California, Los Angeles
Information provided by:
Pepperdine University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01359137
First received: May 20, 2011
Last updated: June 10, 2011
Last verified: May 2011
  Purpose

This is a Cochise County experiment with innovative probation supervision practices. Subjects are assigned to one of three supervision conditions.


Condition Intervention
Behavior
Behavioral: Probation as usual
Behavioral: Deferred Jail
Behavioral: Arizona's SAFE

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Official Title: An Assessment of Arizona's SAFE (Swift Accountable Fair Enforcement) Program in Cochise County

Further study details as provided by Pepperdine University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Revocation rate [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage of subjects in each condition who are revoked from probation and returned to jail or prison.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • % positive drug tests [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage of random and scheduled drug tests that test positive for illicit drugs

  • Days incarcerated [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Total number of days incarcerated in jail and prison

  • % Missed appointments [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage of probation appointments that are missed

  • New arrests [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of new arrests


Estimated Enrollment: 105
Study Start Date: January 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date: August 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date: June 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Probation as usual
Routine supervision with no deferred jail condition.
Behavioral: Probation as usual
Routine probation with do deferred jail condition.
Other Name: PAU
Experimental: Deferred jail
Discretionary deferred jail in response to violations of probation conditions.
Behavioral: Deferred Jail
Discretionary deferred jail in response to violations of probation conditions.
Other Name: DIS
Experimental: Arizona's SAFE
Swift Accountable Fair Enforcement (SAFE) which uses non-discretionary brief jail sanctions for probation violations.
Behavioral: Arizona's SAFE
Swift Accountable Fair Enforcement (SAFE) uses non-discretionary brief jail sanctions for probation violations.
Other Names:
  • Swift Accountable Fair Enforcement
  • HOPE

Detailed Description:

Historically, rates of failure on routine probation have been high. The result is that large numbers of probationers are ultimately revoked from probation and sentenced to long underlying jail or prison terms. Arizona is experimenting with alternatives to routine probation with the goal of reducing the overall burden of incarceration. Cochise County in Arizona is experimenting with innovative probation supervision practices. Subjects are assigned to one of three supervision conditions: Probation-as-usual (routine supervision with no deferred jail); discretionary deferred jail in response to probation violations; and Arizona's Swift, Accountable, Fair, Enforcement, or SAFE (SAFE involves non-discretionary deferred jail in response to probation violations).

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Supervised on probation in Cochise County
  • Residing in Cochise County

Exclusion Criteria:

  • First-time marijuana possession cases
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01359137

Locations
United States, Arizona
Cochise County Adult Probation Department
Bisbee, Arizona, United States, 85603
Sponsors and Collaborators
Pepperdine University
University of California, Los Angeles
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Angela Hawken, Pepperdine University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01359137     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SPP0311F09
Study First Received: May 20, 2011
Last Updated: June 10, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Pepperdine University:
Behavior
Drug users
Criminal Justice
Probation

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 27, 2014