Dose-effect Relationship of Low-dose IL-2 in Type 1 Diabetes (DF-IL2)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01353833
First received: May 12, 2011
Last updated: April 20, 2012
Last verified: May 2011
  Purpose

IL-2 is an inducer of regulatory T cells (Treg), a population of lymphocytes that fail to control the autoimmune destruction of beta-cells in patients with Type 1 Diabetes (T1D). The investigators recently showed that low dose IL-2 is well tolerated in patients with an autoimmune disease. The investigators aim to use IL-2 to induce/stimulate Treg in T1D patients. This study will investigate the dose effect relationship of low dose IL-2 for Treg induction such as to optimize the risk benefit ratio for this treatment in T1D. By Treg induction, the investigators aim to protect the remaining/regenerating β-cells from autoimmune destruction, thus improving or even curing T1D.


Condition Intervention Phase
Type 1 Diabetes
Drug: Aldesleukin
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Dose-effect Relationship of Repeated Administration of Low-dose IL-2 Versus Placebo on the Kinetic of Regulatory T Cells in Patients With Type 1 Diabetes

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Kinetic parameters of Treg proportions variation within CD4+ T cells in peripheral blood [ Time Frame: from Day+0 to Day+60 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Improvement of residual secretion of insulin assessed by the AUC of peptide C during a standardized test meal in IL-2 vs placebo treated patients [ Time Frame: at Day+0 and Day+60 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 25
Study Start Date: May 2011
Study Completion Date: April 2012
Primary Completion Date: October 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: IL2-4 Drug: Aldesleukin
0.33 ; 1 ; 3 ; 0 millions IU of IL-2 per day for arm 1 to 4, respectively. 1 s.c. injection per day for 5 days.
Other Name: IL2
Experimental: IL2-2
1 millions IU of IL-2 per day
Drug: Aldesleukin
0.33 ; 1 ; 3 ; 0 millions IU of IL-2 per day for arm 1 to 4, respectively. 1 s.c. injection per day for 5 days.
Other Name: IL2
Experimental: IL2-3
3 millions IU of IL-2 per day
Drug: Aldesleukin
0.33 ; 1 ; 3 ; 0 millions IU of IL-2 per day for arm 1 to 4, respectively. 1 s.c. injection per day for 5 days.
Other Name: IL2
Experimental: IL2-1
0.33 millions IU of IL-2 per day
Drug: Aldesleukin
0.33 ; 1 ; 3 ; 0 millions IU of IL-2 per day for arm 1 to 4, respectively. 1 s.c. injection per day for 5 days.
Other Name: IL2

Detailed Description:

Rationale:

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) results from an autoimmune destruction of beta-pancreatic cells that regulatory T cells (Treg) fail to control. This is in part due to a deficit in production of, or response to, interleukin 2 (IL-2). This cytokine is essential to Treg development, survival and function. Importantly, while IL-2 also contributes to the activation of effector T cells (Teff), IL-2/IL-2 receptor signal transduction threshold is much lower for Treg than Teff. Thus low-dose IL-2 could be a specific Treg inducer/stimulator.

The investigators then recently showed that low-dose IL-2 could cure recent onset diabetes in NOD mice that develop spontaneous diabetes considered as the best model of human T1D. A 5-day treatment with IL-2 could cure over 30% of the mice versus 0% for controls.

With these premises, the investigators propose to explore if Treg induction could be obtained in patients who may have a deficit in production of, or response to, IL-2. Defining the dose effect relationship of low dose IL-2 for Treg induction will optimize the risk benefit ratio for IL-2 in T1D.

Principal objective:

To define the dose-effect relationship of low dose IL-2 for Treg induction in patient with recent onset diabetes

Evaluation Criteria:

  • Efficacy Kinetic variation of Treg proportions within CD4+ T cells in peripheral blood from Day+0 to Day+60.
  • Tolerance Evaluation by clinical exams, laboratory tests and monitoring of side effects. The criterion for terminating the study will be the occurrence of one serious unexpected side effect in the month following IL-2 first administration in at least 2 patients.

Study plan:

After inclusion (Day0), the patient receives a 5-day course of IL-2 or placebo. Patients are randomized in 4 arms receiving either a placebo, or IL-2 doses of 0,33 - 1 or 3 millions UI/day. Laboratory follow-up of peripheral blood T cell subsets will be performed at D0 to D6 (daily), D15, D22 and D60 by immunophenotyping and transcriptomics.

Tolerance will be evaluated at D0-6, D15, D22 and D60.

Methodology:

Double blind placebo controlled randomized study, with 4 parallel groups. Patients will have T1D of autoimmune origin attested by the presence of auto-antibodies (at least one of: anti-islet, anti-GAD, anti-IA2 or anti-ZnT8), with a diagnostic inferior or equal to 24 months.

Study length:

Study length = 9 months Patient participation = 2 months Inclusion period = 6 months

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age [18-50] years;
  • With a T1D:
  • Treated with insulin for ≤ 2 years,
  • With at least one auto-antibody among: anti-islet, anti-GAD, anti-IA2, anti-ZnT8 ;
  • No clinically relevant abnormal value for hematology, biochemistry, liver and kidney function
  • Lymphocyte [1000-4000]/ mm3
  • Informed consent signed by the patient and the investigator before any intervention necessary for the trial.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Contra-indications to IL2 :
  • Hypersensibility to IL-2 or its excipients,
  • Severe cardiopathy
  • Ongoing infection requiring antibiotherapy,
  • O2 Saturation ≤ 90 %
  • Severe impairment of a vital organ
  • Previous organ allograft
  • Non authorized concomitant treatment : i.e. immuno-modulators, cytotoxic, drug modifying glycemia
  • Cancer progressing or cured for less than 5 years except for primary basal cell carcinoma or carcinoma in situ of the uterine cervix.
  • Participation to another clinical investigation in < 3 months
  • Pregnant or lactating women
  • Male or female in age of procreation without efficient contraception during the study
  • No affiliation to National Health Insurance
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01353833

Locations
France
Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière
Paris, France, 75013
Sponsors and Collaborators
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Davis Klatzmann, MD, PhD Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01353833     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P101101, 2010-024499-24
Study First Received: May 12, 2011
Last Updated: April 20, 2012
Health Authority: France: Ministry of Health

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Aldesleukin
Interleukin-2
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Central Nervous System Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014