Prophylactic Mesh Implantation After Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair
AIDA Study is a prospective, multicentre, randomized, controlled clinical investigation with patients undergoing median laparotomy for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) repair.
The primary objective of the clinical investigation is to test the hypothesis that insertion of an Optilene® Mesh Elastic mesh - a monofilament, light-weight, large pore sized, polypropylene mesh manufactured by Aesculap AG - is superior to suturing alone and will reduce the hernia formation rate within the first 2 years.
A reduction from 30% to 10% of the patient population is assumed.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Prophylactic Mesh Implantation After Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair. A Prospective, Randomised, Controlled Study|
- Herniation rate [ Time Frame: 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]As an indicator of efficacy, the reduction of herniation rate will be verified by clinical examination and confirmed by Ultrasound.
|Study Start Date:||February 2011|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||September 2015|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||August 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
No Intervention: Group A
Monofilament absorbable MonoPlus® suture material will be used for closing of the midline incision.
Abdominal wall closure with monofilament absorbable MonoPlus® suture material and onlay placement of Optilene® Mesh Elastic fixed by sutures.
Procedure: Optilene® Mesh Elastic
A number of patients will receive a Optilene® Mesh Elastic mesh, which may not be clinically indicated.
No Intervention: Group C
Monofilament, absorbable MonoMax suture material will be used for the closure of the abdominal cavity.
One of the late complications of the elective surgery of an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (AAA) is the formation of an incisional hernia following the AAA repair.
The high frequency of incisional hernia formation in the AAA patients suggests the presence of a structural defect within the fascia.
As a result of these information and that obtained from a small pilot study using mesh prophylactically in high risk group of patients, the concept of using a mesh prophylactically for AAA repairs seems an area worth further exploration.
Owing to the availability of the new generation of meshes with proven good biocompatibility it would seem that this could be a viable means of reducing the herniation rate and therefore re-operation in this high risk population.
Within the investigation Patients requiring elective surgical repair of an AAA will be randomized in one of the following three different groups:
- Group A: Monofilament absorbable MonoPlus® suture material will be used for closing of the midline incision.
- Group B: Abdominal wall closure with monofilament absorbable MonoPlus® suture material and onlay placement of Optilene® Mesh Elastic fixed by sutures.
- Group C: Monofilament, absorbable MonoMax® suture material will be used for the closure of the abdominal cavity.
A total of 282 patients who meet the eligibility criteria will be entered into the clinical investigation (Group A = 94 patients, Group B = 94 patients and Group C = 94 patients).
All patients will have follow-up clinical visits 2 days after surgery, at day of discharge, at 3, 6, and 12 months and a final visit at 24 months. All patients will be asked to complete the health status patient questionnaire EQ-5D preoperatively and at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months postoperatively. As all patients routinely receive an ultrasound at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months, this information will be used to confirm if a hernia is present.
The primary objective of the clinical investigation is to test the hypothesis that insertion of an Optilene® Mesh Elastic mesh is superior to suturing alone and will reduce the hernia formation rate within the first 2 years.
Secondary objectives include:
- Lower herniation rate in the 12 months after mesh implantation in group B as compared to group A
- Non-inferiority of MonoMax suture material (group C) in comparison to MonoPlus suture material (group A) concerning the rate of incisional hernia after abdominal wall closure at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery.
- Mean time, in days, to return to normal activities as determined by CRF question (comparison of groups A, B, C).
- Mean time, in days, to return to work as determined by CRF question (comparison of groups A, B, C).
- Differences in mean patient health status as determined by using a patient questionnaire (EQ-5D) at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months post-operatively; pre-operative baseline will be recorded (groups A-C).
- Number of wound complications (groups A-C) as determined by medical assessment post-operatively immediately prior to discharge, and at the clinical visits at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months, including infections, seromas, haematomas, and hernia formation, confirmed by ultrasound examination.
- Safety as determined by collection of adverse events in the CRF (groups A-C).
|Klinikum Stuttgart - Katharinenhospital (KH)|
|Stuttgart, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany, 70174|
|Klinikum Nürnberg Süd|
|Nürnberg, Bavaria, Germany, 90471|
|Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany, 97080|
|Bermen, Bremen, Germany, 28755|
|Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, 52074|
|University Heart Center Hamburg-Eppendorf|
|Hamburg, Germany, 20246|
|Asklepios Klinik Altona|
|Hamburg, Germany, 22763|
|Asklepios Klinik Wandsbek|
|Hamburg, Germany, 22043|
|Ludwigsburg, Germany, 71640|
|Principal Investigator:||Sebastian Debus, Prof. Dr.||University Heart Center Hamburg - Eppendorf|