Lenalidomide and Vaccine Therapy in Treating Patients With Early-Stage Asymptomatic Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia or Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified June 2014 by National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01351896
First received: May 10, 2011
Last updated: September 23, 2014
Last verified: June 2014
  Purpose

This randomized phase II trial studies how well giving lenalidomide together with vaccine therapy works in treating patients with early-stage asymptomatic chronic lymphocytic leukemia or small lymphocytic lymphoma. Lenalidomide may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking blood flow to the cancer. It may also stimulate the immune system in different ways and stop cancer cells from growing. Vaccines may help the body build an effective immune response to kill cancer cells. Giving lenalidomide together with vaccine therapy may make a stronger immune response and kill more cancer cells.


Condition Intervention Phase
B-cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Contiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
Stage 0 Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Stage I Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Stage I Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
Stage II Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Biological: pneumococcal polyvalent vaccine
Drug: lenalidomide
Other: pharmacological study
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of Lenalidomide to Repair Immune Synapse Response and Humoral Immunity in Early-Stage, Asymptomatic Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma (CLL/SLL) With High-Risk Genomic Features

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of patients who achieve an antibody response [ Time Frame: Up to 1 month ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Defined as achieving at least a four-fold increase in post-vaccination serotype-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) titers or serotype-specific IgG concentrations of >= 0.35 ug/mL for 6 of 7 serotypes measured by a standard enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Seroconversion rates [ Time Frame: Up to 4 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Summarized using descriptive statistics by treatment arm.

  • Antibody titre levels for each of the serotypes [ Time Frame: Up to 4 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Summarized using descriptive statistics by treatment arm. Changes in serotype-specific markers will be graphically evaluated between the two arms and the nonparametric Mann-Whitney rank sum test will be used to compare the geometric mean concentrations.

  • CR rate [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    95% confidence intervals will be estimated.

  • Time to first treatment as defined by IWCLL 2008 criteria [ Time Frame: From study entry to first therapy for progressive CLL, assessed up to 4 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Summarized and explored between treatment arms using Kaplan-Meier methods.

  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 4 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Summarized and explored between treatment arms using Kaplan-Meier methods.

  • Progression-free survival as defined by IWCLL 2008 criteria [ Time Frame: Time from start of treatment to time of disease progression or death secondary to any cause, assessed up to 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Summarized and explored between treatment arms using Kaplan-Meier methods.

  • Incidence of adverse events according to NCI CTCAE version 4 [ Time Frame: Up to 4 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Summarized by and across treatment arms, along with the type, severity, and perceived attribution to study. The rates of severe (grade 3+) toxicity (at least possibly related to treatment) and non-hematologic toxicity will be summarized; assuming the incidence of severe toxicity is binomially distributed, 95% confidence intervals will be calculated. The maximum grade for each type of toxicity will be recorded for each patient, and frequency tables will be reviewed to determine the toxicity patterns.

  • Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of lenalidomide [ Time Frame: Baseline, days 1 and 2 of course 2 (Arm A) and days 1 and 2 of course 5 (Arm B) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    PK will be graphically evaluated within and across arms to assess potential patterns and relationships.

  • Change in serum immunoglobulin [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 4 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Pharmacodynamic markers will be graphically evaluated within and across arms to assess potential patterns and relationships.

  • Change in anti-tumor antibody levels [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 4 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Pharmacodynamic markers will be graphically evaluated within and across arms to assess potential patterns and relationships.


Estimated Enrollment: 48
Study Start Date: September 2011
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I (Concurrent PCV13 and lenalidomide)
Patients receive low-dose lenalidomide PO once daily on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for at least 24 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also receive PCV13 IM on days 78 and 134 (courses 3 and 5).
Biological: pneumococcal polyvalent vaccine
Given IM (concurrently or sequentially)
Other Names:
  • Pneumovax 23
  • Pnu-Imune 23
Drug: lenalidomide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • CC-5013
  • IMiD-1
  • Revlimid
Other: pharmacological study
Correlative studies
Other Name: pharmacological studies
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Experimental: Arm II (Sequential PCV13 and lenalidomide)
Patients receive PCV13 IM on days 1 and 78 (courses 1 and 3). Patients also receive low-dose lenalidomide as in arm 1 beginning on day 106 (course 4).
Biological: pneumococcal polyvalent vaccine
Given IM (concurrently or sequentially)
Other Names:
  • Pneumovax 23
  • Pnu-Imune 23
Drug: lenalidomide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • CC-5013
  • IMiD-1
  • Revlimid
Other: pharmacological study
Correlative studies
Other Name: pharmacological studies
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the proportion of early-stage, high-risk chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients achieving a response (>= 4-fold increase from baseline and/or antibody concentrations >= 0.35 ug/mL in 6 of 7 type-specific anti-pneumococcal antibody levels) after 2 doses of pneumococcal 13-valent conjugated vaccine (Prevnar 13, PCV13 [pneumococcal polyvalent vaccine]) administered concurrently versus sequentially with low-dose lenalidomide.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the complete response (CR) rate after 2 years of lenalidomide therapy.

II. To determine the time to first treatment (TFT), defined as the time from diagnosis to first non-lenalidomide therapy for progressive CLL as described by International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (IWCLL) 2008 criteria.

III. To determine the incidence of infection and invasive pneumococcal infections following treatment with the PCV13 vaccine and either concurrent or sequential lenalidomide.

IV. To determine the frequency of humoral and cellular immune response to CLL tumor antigens following treatment with the PCV13 vaccine and either concurrent or sequential lenalidomide.

V. To determine the safety and toxicity associated with long-term lenalidomide exposure.

VI. To perform correlative pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic studies and correlate these with vaccine/tumor immunologic and disease response.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I (concurrent PCV13): Patients receive low-dose lenalidomide orally (PO) once daily on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for at least 24 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also receive 13-valent protein-conjugated pneumococcal vaccine (PCV13) intramuscularly (IM) on days 78 and 134 (courses 3 and 5).

ARM II (sequential PCV13): Patients receive PCV13 IM on days 1 and 78 (courses 1 and 3). Patients also receive low-dose lenalidomide as in arm 1 beginning on day 106 (course 4).

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 30 days, every 3 months for 1 year, and then every 6 months thereafter.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 79 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically identified chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of hematopoietic neoplasms
  • CLL/SLL cells must demonstrate one or more of the following high-risk genomic features:

    • Deletion (Del) (17p13.1) as detected by fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) in > 20% of cells
    • Del(11q22.3) as detected by FISH in > 20% of cells
    • Complex karyotype (>= 3 cytogenetic abnormalities on stimulated karyotype)
    • Unmutated immunoglobulin variable heavy chain (IgVH) (>= 98% sequence homology compared with germline sequence)
  • Patients cannot meet any of the following consensus criteria for initiating treatment:

    • Progressive splenomegaly and/or lymphadenopathy identified by physical examination or radiographic studies
    • Progressive lymphocytosis with total white blood cell (WBC) >= 300,000/uL
    • Anemia (< 11 g/dL) or thrombocytopenia (< 100,000/uL) due to bone marrow involvement
    • Presence of unintentional weight loss > 10% over the preceding 6 months
    • National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grade 2 or 3 fatigue
    • Fevers > 100.5 degrees or night sweats for > 2 weeks without evidence of infection
    • Progressive lymphocytosis with an increase of > 50% over a 2 month period or an anticipated doubling time of < 6 months
  • No prior therapy for CLL/SLL, including chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and/or immunotherapy will be allowed
  • Age >= 18 years and < 80 years (or with justification if older than 80 years)
  • Estimated life expectancy of greater than 24 months
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) (unless secondary to Gilbert disease)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)(serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT)(serum glutamate-pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 times ULN
  • Creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal according to the Cockcroft-Gault formula
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/uL
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/uL
  • Able to swallow capsules without difficulty and no history of malabsorption syndrome, disease significantly affecting gastrointestinal function, or resection of the stomach or small bowel or ulcerative colitis, symptomatic inflammatory bowel disease, or partial or complete bowel obstruction
  • Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL within 10 - 14 days prior to and again within 24 hours of starting lenalidomide; further, they must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control: one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, at least 28 days before starting lenalidomide; FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing; men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP, even if they have had a successful vasectomy; FCBP is a sexually mature woman who: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months); all patients must be counseled at a minimum of every 28 days about pregnancy precautions and risks of fetal exposure

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had any treatment for their CLL/SLL, including but not limited to chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or immunotherapy, prior to entering the study
  • No corticosteroid use will be permitted within two weeks prior to study, except for maintenance therapy for a non-malignant disease; maintenance therapy dose may not exceed 20 mg/day prednisone or equivalent
  • Patients who meet consensus criteria for the treatment of CLL/SLL
  • Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents
  • Patients with a recent history (within 6 months of study entry) of deep vein thrombosis (DVT)/pulmonary embolism (PE) are not eligible; patients with a distant history (greater than 6 months before study entry) of venous thromboembolic disease are eligible, but should receive prophylactic aspirin or low molecular weight heparin
  • History of allergic reactions attributable to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to thalidomide, lenalidomide or any component of PCV7 or PCV13, including the diphtheria toxoid
  • Prior malignancy, except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, or other cancer from which the subject is considered by his or her physician to have a 2 year survival expectation
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study; breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with lenalidomide
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy will be eligible if they otherwise meet required hematologic parameters and are not receiving an antiviral agent with known or potential interaction with lenalidomide; because the primary aim of this study is to measure the immune response to pneumococcal vaccination, only patients with cluster of differentiation (CD)4 cell counts >= 200 and viral load < 50 will be eligible
  • Patients who have been treated for autoimmune hemolytic anemia or autoimmune thrombocytopenia within the last 6 months or are direct antiglobulin test/Coombs test or indirect antiglobulin test positive at the time of screening
  • Patients who have developed erythema nodosum characterized by a desquamating rash while taking thalidomide or similar drugs in the past are excluded
  • Patients must discontinue treatment with H2-blockers (cimetidine, ranitidine, etc.) prior to beginning protocol therapy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01351896

Locations
United States, Ohio
Ohio State University Medical Center Recruiting
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
Contact: Jeffrey A. Jones    614-293-3507    jeffrey.jones@osumc.edu   
Principal Investigator: Jeffrey A. Jones         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jeffrey Jones Ohio State University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01351896     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2011-02584, NCI-2011-02584, 2011C0005, OSU-10156, CDR0000698438, OSU 10156, 8834, P30CA016058, N01CM62207, N01CM00070, P50CA140158
Study First Received: May 10, 2011
Last Updated: September 23, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Leukemia
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Lymphoma
Immune System Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Leukemia, B-Cell
Lymphatic Diseases
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lenalidomide
Thalidomide
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Growth Inhibitors
Growth Substances
Immunologic Factors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Leprostatic Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014