Interventionist Procedures for Adherence to Weight Loss Recommendations in Black Adolescents
To date, attempts to construct effective weight loss interventions for African American adolescents with obesity (AAAO) have largely failed. While effective weight loss strategies and skills have been identified, lifestyle changes require youth and their families to learn new dietary and exercise behavior with repeated skills practice in natural ecology of the family. A major barrier is motivation of both parents and adolescents to engage in treatment and to adhere to behavior change recommendations. Advances in the science of increasing human motivation (both intrinsic and extrinsic) that could inform intervention development for minority youth with obesity have been insufficiently applied to date to the process of intervention development. The study brings together a multidisciplinary research group comprised of obesity intervention researchers with extensive experience in adolescent health behavior change research, basic behavioral scientists with experience in motivation and learning research and communication scientists with experience in provider-family interactions within urban populations. Basic science obesity researchers will inform intervention development by contributing a strong background in the physiological correlates of obesity. Finally experts in the area of community interventions for African American adolescents will contribute to the effective transport of these interventions to real-world settings. The overarching aims of the study are: To refine intervention protocols from our preliminary studies that maximize adolescent and parent skills, informed by learning theory, through the use of home and community-based interventions in which in-vivo opportunities are used to promote practice in making changes in dietary, exercise and sedentary behaviors in AAAO and their families (PHASE I); To develop intervention protocols that utilize findings from basic science regarding intrinsic and extrinsic motivation to maximize adolescent and family adherence to recommendations for obesity-related behavior change in AAAO and their families (PHASE I); To develop an adaptive intervention using a sequential multiple randomized assignment trial (SMART design) (PHASE II); To refine the intervention including qualitative analysis of interviews from participant families and to develop further community participation in preparation for a confirmatory randomized clinical trial (PHASE III).
There are two proposed hypotheses for this study:
- Families initially receiving home/community delivery of Motivational Interviewing (MI)/skills training will show greater weight loss over the course of the study than families receiving initial office-based delivery of MI/skills training.
- Non-responders receiving home/community delivery of MI/skills training with Contingency Management (CM) will show greater weight loss than non-responders receiving MI/skills training alone.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Interventionist Procedures for Adherence to Weight Loss Recommendations in Black Adolescents, Phase Two|
- Change from Baseline in weight-related outcomes at 6 months and 9 months [ Time Frame: 6 months, 9 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]We will be measuring participants' height, weight and percentage of body fat (Bioelectrical impedance analysis).
- Change from Baseline in Adherence to Weight Loss Recommendations at 6 months and 9 months. [ Time Frame: 6 months, 9 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Objective measures of cardiovascular fitness will be used in addition to the BLOCK Kids Food Frequency Questionnaire, and the Frequency of Fast Food Use Questionnaire.
- Change in Physiological Functioning from month 1 to 7 months [ Time Frame: 1 month, 7 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Blood samples will be obtained after a 10-12 hour fast for measurement of plasma glucose, insulin, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglyceride levels.
- Change from Baseline in Motivation at 6 months and 9 months [ Time Frame: 6 months, 9 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The Importance Ruler measure assesses how important different behaviors are to teens with regard to their weight loss. An analogous measure will be used to measure the importance of different behaviors in caregivers, as well.
|Study Start Date:||September 2009|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||June 2014|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||June 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Experimental: Skills training||
Behavioral: Skills training
This component includes skills most proximal to adhering to the eating and weight loss plan (e.g., calorie counting, making healthy food choices, measuring food portions, scheduling snacks and meals, meal planning, completing food logs daily, following an exercise plan).
|Experimental: Contingency Management||
Behavioral: Contingency Management
Contingency management uses behavioral principles to counteract the reinforcing mechanisms of food and inactivity.
|Contact: Sylvie Naar-King, Ph.D.||firstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, Michigan|
|Wayne State University||Recruiting|
|Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201|
|Contact: Shetoya Rice 313-557-6556 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator:||Sylvie Naar-King, Ph.D.||Wayne State University|
|Principal Investigator:||K-L Cathy Jen, Ph.D.||Wayne State University|