Proof-of-Concept Study of MSP3-LSP Vaccine to Protect Against Malaria in Africa (MSP3-POC)
Hypothesis: The MSP3-LSP/Alum vaccine, administered to children will have a protective efficacy of at least 30% (lower bound of confidence interval of 0) against malaria disease occurring during a period beginning from 14 days after the 3rd immunization until 1 year after.
The primary objective of this double-blind, randomized, controlled trial will be to assess the clinical efficacy of MSP3-LSP/AlOH vaccine when administered by subcutaneous route in children aged 12-48 months against all clinical malaria episodes occurring during a period beginning from 14 days after the 3rd immunization until 3 months after 3rd immunization, when administered according to the following schedule:- Primary administration: Three doses of administered 4 weeks apart
Secondary administration (Boost): One dose 3 months after the third dose in year 1 of the trial; and two doses, given exactly one year after the date corresponding to the third dose and the first boost given during Year 1
Case definition for an episode of malaria is a febrile illness with axillary temperature of ≥ 37.5ºC with P. falciparum parasitemia ≥ 5000 per μL
Biological: Verorab Vaccine
Other: 0.9% NaCl/Normal Saline
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Phase 2B Double Blind, Randomized, Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Safety, Immunogenicity and Protective Efficacy of MSP3-LSP Vaccine Candidate Adjuvanted in Aluminium Hydroxide (AIOH) Against Plasmodium Falciparum Clinical Malaria in Healthy Children Aged 12-48 Months in Mali|
- Number of episodes of clinical malaria occurring during a period beginning from 14 days after the 3rd immunization until 3 months after 3rd immunization in all subjects. [ Time Frame: 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]A clinical malaria episode is defined as a febrile illness with a documented axillary temperature of
- Number of subjects with solicited adverse events [ Time Frame: 7 days following each vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
In this study, the following symptoms will directly be solicited for during 7 days immediately following each vaccination.
Solicited Local (injection site) adverse events
- Pain at injection site
- Swelling at injection site
- Induration at injection site
- Erythema at injection site
- Pruritus at injection
Solicited systemic adverse events
- Fever (defined as axillary temperature ≥ 37.5°C)
- Loss of appetite
- Number of subjects with unsolicited adverse events [ Time Frame: 30 days following each vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]All the adverse events/reactions, whether observed by the investigator or reported by the subject, will be documented. For each event/reaction the following details will be recorded: 1) description of the event(s)/reaction(s), 2) date and time of occurrence, 3) duration, 4) intensity, 5)assessment of relationship to the vaccine, 6) action taken including treatment, 7) outcome.
- Number of subjects with serious adverse events [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
A serious adverse event (experience) or reaction is any untoward medical occurrence that at any dose:
- results in death,
- is life-threatening,
- results in persistent or significant disability/incapacity, or
- is a congenital anomaly/birth defect.
|Study Start Date:||May 2011|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||July 2013|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||June 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
30 µg of test vaccine MSP3-LSP/AlOH, administered by subcutaneous route according to the following schedule:- Primary administration: Three doses administered at 4 weeks interval: D0, D28 (± 2 days), D56 (± 4 days)
Secondary administration (Boost):
Year 1: One dose 3 months after the third dose Year 2: Two doses, given exactly one year after the date corresponding to the third dose and the first boost given during Year 1
Placebo Comparator: Control
Primary series: Verorab Rabies vaccine; Secondary/Booster series: 0.9% NaCL/Normal Saline
Biological: Verorab Vaccine
The Verorab rabies vaccine will be given as control for the primary series of the experimental vaccine. It consists of inactivated rabies virus produced in vero cells (Wistar Rabies PM/W138 1503-3M (inactivated). Manufacturer SANOFI PASTEUR SA. Presentation is 0.5 ml per dose in a pre-filled syringe.Other: 0.9% NaCl/Normal Saline
0.5 ml per dose; to be given as control for the secondary/booster doses of experimental vaccine
This is a Phase 2 b, randomized, controlled trial, comparing MSP3-LSP experimental malaria vaccine with the comparator Verorab rabies vaccine (primary series) and normal saline (secondary/booster series). The trial is being conducted in two sites, Doneguebougou and surroundings (Koulikoro) and Bougoula Hameau and surroundings (Sikasso).
Each site will enroll 400 subjects. Subjects aged 12-36 months will be enrolled and randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive either 30 µg of MSP3-LSP/AlOH in 0.5 mL or the control vaccine, Verorab Rabies subcutaneously.
The primary series of vaccinations will be given on days 0, 28 and 56. The first of the secondary/booster series will be administered 3 months after completing the primary series (D146) in Year 1, and the subsequent booster doses will be administered one year after the 3rd dose (D416) and one year after the first booster dose (D506) in Year 2.
For safety, occurrence of adverse events will be solicited during daily home visit by field workers for 6 days after each vaccination. Unsolicited adverse events will be documented for the following 28 days after each dose.
For efficacy, suspect cases will be detected through weekly home visits following the 1st vaccination and continuing throughout the duration of the trial.
In addition to active case detection through home visits, parents and care-givers of the subjects will be advised of signs and symptom of illness and instructed to bring sick children to the on-site clinic for assessment and treatment. Study clinical staff will be available round-the clock for the entire duration of the trial. During these unscheduled visits malaria smears, blood paper filter and hemoglobin will be done in case of signs or symptoms compatible with clinical malaria.
Children will be followed for two years following the first vaccination. Clinic visits are scheduled throughout the follow-up period for clinical assessment, malaria smear, blood paper filter and hemoglobin systematically on days 0, 28, 56, 86, 116, 146, 180, 236, 326, 416, 446, 506, 536 and 730. The humoral immune response to the vaccine antigen will be assessed using ELISA on days 0, 28, 56, 86, 116, 146, 180, 236, 416, 446, 506, and 730. Cellular immune responses to the vaccine antigens (MSP3-LSP and peptides a,b,c,d) will be assessed on days 0, 86,146, and 416 using CBA on a subset of 50 MSP3 vaccinated individuals. The functionality of the induced immune responses using Western Blot (WB) method and ADCI technique will be evaluated at screening and on days 86, 146, 236, 416, 506 and 730.
|Malaria Research and Training Center Department of Epidemiology of Parasitic Diseases Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry University of Bamako BP 1805, Point G Bamako, Mali, West Africa Tel/Fax 223-2022-8109|
|Bamako, Mali, 1805|
|Principal Investigator:||Mahamadou Sissoko, MD||Malaria Research and Training Center Department of Epidemiology of Parasitic Diseases Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry University of Bamako BP 1805, Point G Bamako, Mali, West Africa|
|Study Director:||Pierre L Druilhe, MD||CEO, Vac4All|
|Study Director:||Ogobara Doumbo, MD||Chief, MRTC|