Performance of Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist (NAVA) During Spontaneous Breathing Trial
The purpose of this study is to compare a new mode of mechanical ventilation (NAVA, or Neurally adjusted Ventilatory assist) with a traditional mode (Pressure Support ventilation) on its the ability to detect patients ready for extubation (liberation from mechanical ventilation).
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver)
Primary Purpose: Screening
|Official Title:||Performance of Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist (NAVA) During an Spontaneous Breathing Trial|
- rate of success on the spontaneous breathing trial [ Time Frame: 30 minutes, or earlier (if the SBT is interrupted for intolerance), i.e., at the end of the spontaneous breathing trial ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The ICU team will observe the patient during the spontaneuous breathing trial, and use standard objective (blood gases) and subjective (including respiratory rate, tidal volume, comfort, hemodynamic variables) variables to determine if the patient tolerates the SBT and therefore is ready for discontinuation from mechanical ventilation
- Extubation failure rate [ Time Frame: 48 hours after extubation ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Patients who are extubated within 24 hours of the completion of the study will be foloowed for 48h, and if re-intubation is required within these first 48h after the extubation, the investigators will consider that the patient had extubation failure
|Study Start Date:||May 2011|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||May 2012|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||May 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Active Comparator: PSV||
Procedure: SBT- PSV
An Spontaneous breathing trial for 30 minutes on pressure support ventilation, which is a commonly used strategy to evaluate readiness for extubation
Other Name: SBT
Procedure: SBT - NAVA
An spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) on the ventilatory mode NAVA, with ventilatory support titrated to be similar to the support provided during an SBT on pressure support mode (PSV). NAVA captures the electrical activity of the diaphragm with an esophageal-gastric catheter, and uses the electrical signal to deliver inspiratory pressure proportional to the intensity of patient effort, as well as to trigger and cycle assisted mechanical breaths.
Patients under mechanical ventilation who are suspected to be recovered and ready to return to spontaneous ventilation often undergo an spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) before extubation and liberation from mechanical ventilation. During the test, which lasts from 30 minutes to 2 hours , the patient receives minimal support from the ventilator, and the ICU team observes if the patient develops any signs or symptoms of discomfort or respiratory distress. If the patient tolerates the test, he or she is considered ready for extubation. The Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist (NAVA) is a new mode of ventilation, shown to improve patient-ventilator synchrony. It has not been tested during SBTs. Our objective is to compare the performance of NAVA with the commonly used Pressure Support ventilation, during an SBT. Patients considered to be ready for an SBT by the ICU team will undergo two SBTs in random order: one in pressure support, and the other on NAVA, with a 1-hour interval between the tests. Ventilatory parameters and patient-ventilator interaction variables will be compared among the two tests.
This study will help us understand if NAVA can be used during an SBT, which might be important for patients who are being ventilated with NAVA before the STB is suggested, especially those how present a high asynchrony rate when ventilated with Pressure Support Mode.
|Sao Paulo, Brazil|
|Contact: Juliana C Ferreira, MD +551183355876 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Carlos Carvalho, MD +551130697203|
|Principal Investigator: Juliana C Ferreira, MD|
|Principal Investigator:||Juliana C Ferreira, MD||University of Sao Paulo|