Trial record 18 of 168 for:    epigenetics

Effects of Tobacco Smoke Exposure on Epigenetic Signatures and Immunotoxicological Reactions

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Taiwan University Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01317628
First received: March 8, 2011
Last updated: October 28, 2013
Last verified: October 2013
  Purpose

Researchers have noted that active smoke exposure was possibly related to epigenetic mechanism,and may further influence reactive immunotoxicological reaction on human beings. Some studies have been reported that smoking reduction would decrease the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and urinary cotinine level, but the underlying epigenetic mechanism and the functional changes of immunotoxicological system were still unclear. We plan to examine the causal relationship between smoking reduction and alterations in epigenetic signatures/immunotoxicological reactions. Teenager Smoking Reduction Trial (TSRT) will be population-based trial among teenagers. Eligible teenagers will be recruited in Taipei City and urinary cotinine level will be used to monitor the exposure status of active smoking at baseline, 1-month and 3-month of the intervention process. We will assess the potential change in immunotoxicological markers, including Th1/Th2 cytokines and clinical immunological measurements, before and after the intervention program. Furthermore, whole-genome methylation and miRNA expression microarrays will be used to search candidate genes for teenager smoking exposure. We plan to develop a prediction model for immunotoxicological reaction by utilizing epigenetic signature data from microRNA expression and DNA methylation profiles based on machine learning methodologies. We will also establish a personalized epigenetic prediction model for allergy development and build the risk assessment platform for immunotoxicological reaction under tobacco smoke exposure. Finally, we will examine the causal relationship between epigenetic signatures and immunotoxicological reactions under an independent children's cohort.


Condition Intervention
The Study Focused on Reducing Tobacco Smoke Exposure for Child.
Behavioral: Tobacco smoke reduction trial intervention program

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Effects of Tobacco Smoke Exposure on Epigenetic Signatures and Immunotoxicological Reactions

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Taiwan University Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change from Baseline in cotinine level at 3 months [ Time Frame: 3 month ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Cotinine was the major proximate metabolite of nicotine,has been widely used as a biomarker of tobacco exposure. We will detect the urinary cotinine for children who had active smoking habit.

  • Change from Baseline in smoking status at 3 months [ Time Frame: 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The smoking status for children will be measure by structure questionnaire.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change from Baseline in DNA methylation at 3 months [ Time Frame: 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Change from Baseline in immunological cytokine at 3 months [ Time Frame: 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Change from Baseline in miRNA expression at 3 months [ Time Frame: 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Change from Baseline in immunological function at 3 months [ Time Frame: 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 100
Study Start Date: April 2011
Study Completion Date: June 2011
Primary Completion Date: June 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Lifestyle counseling
Both the parents and children will receive 8 times intervention program weekly in first session. The telephone counseling will reduce the child's tobacco smoke exposure every weekly in second session. The interventionist and child jointly select behavioral goals for reducing tobacco smoke exposure for the child to work toward. The goals will be formalized as a written smoke exposure reduction plan for any of four specific behaviors, as relevant to that family: (a) smoking cessation for the child, (b) making the child's primary home smoke-free, (c) making non-home locations smoke-free.
Behavioral: Tobacco smoke reduction trial intervention program
Both the parents and children will receive 8 times intervention program weekly in first session. The telephone counseling will reduce the child's tobacco smoke exposure every weekly in second session. The interventionist and child jointly select behavioral goals for reducing tobacco smoke exposure for the child to work toward. The goals will be formalized as a written smoke exposure reduction plan for any of four specific behaviors, as relevant to that family: (a) smoking cessation for the child, (b) making the child's primary home smoke-free, (c) making non-home locations smoke-free.

Detailed Description:

Teenager Smoking Reduction Trial (TSRT)

  1. Study subjects

    TSRT is a solution-oriented trial aiming to evaluate the effectiveness of tobacco smoke reduction among teenagers. Eligible teenagers will fit the following criteria: (a) age between 12 and 16 years old; (b) have active smoke habits in past 6 months; (c) amount of smoke exceed 10 cigarettes per week. The subjects will be recruited from our previous database for schoolchildren. Telephone interview will be used to screen the eligibility for the teenagers. Recruitment will occur over 3-month period from 2011 April to June. The procedure for TSRT is showed in figure 2. In this plan, we will recruit at least 31 asthmatic children and 31 non-asthmatic children who have active smoke habits.

  2. Data collection

A baseline data and at the 1-month and 2-month follow-up visits, the primary caregiver provided data by personal interview on parents reports. The demographic information in questionnaires included age, gender, level of education.

Teenagers will report the frequency of cigarette smoking by using a structured questionnaire. The definition of tobacco smoke exposure including: (a) ''Do you currently smoke?''-yes/no; (b) ''When did you begin to smoke regularly?''; (c) Smokers were also asked for the number of cigarettes they smoked on an average day. Nicotine dependence will be examined by using structure questionnaires from Fagerstrom model.

We will contact eligible teenagers individually to get informed consent before data collection. The effects of our teenager smoking reduction intervention program will be assessed by primary outcomes such as cotinine/creatinine ratio (CCR) and the status of tobacco smoke exposure from questionnaire. No matter which group the participant belongs to, intervention and usual control group, the secondary outcomes in all participants will be tested as follows:

  1. Cytokines. We will test levels of interleukin 4, 5, 13 (IL-4, 5, 13), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interferon-gamma (INF-γ) and toll-like receptors 2, 4, 9 (TLR-2, 4, 9).
  2. Immunotoxicological reaction. We will determine levels of exhaled nitric oxide (eNO), serum eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) and absolute eosinophil count (AEC).
  3. Oxidative stress markers. Levels of the markers 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), malondialdehyde (MDA) and F2-isoprostane (Iso-P) will be examined.

After first session is applied, all participants will be tested for primary outcomes and secondary outcomes at baseline, month 1 and month 3 of the intervention process. We can then compare the biomarkers before and after the intervention program.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years to 16 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

(1) age between 12 and 16 years old; (2) Child had active smoking habit; and (3) have prior history of smoking habit.

Exclusion Criteria:

We will exclude children who do not fit in with the inclusion criteria.

  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01317628

Sponsors and Collaborators
National Taiwan University Hospital
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Yungling Lee, Ph.D National Taiwan University Hospital
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Taiwan University Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01317628     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 201009040R
Study First Received: March 8, 2011
Last Updated: October 28, 2013
Health Authority: Taiwan: Department of Health

Keywords provided by National Taiwan University Hospital:
tobacco smoke, intervention program

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Smoking
Habits

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 15, 2014