Gliadel Wafer and Fluorescence-Guided Surgery With 5-ALA Followed by Radiation Therapy And Temozolomide in Treating Patients With Primary Glioblastoma

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified November 2012 by University College, London
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University College, London Identifier:
First received: March 5, 2011
Last updated: November 26, 2012
Last verified: November 2012

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as Gliadel wafer and temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving radiation therapy and temozolomide after surgery and Gliadel wafer may kill any tumor cells that remain after surgery.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying the side effects of fluorescence-guided surgery with 5-ALA given together with Gliadel wafer, followed by radiation therapy and temozolomide, in treating patients with primary glioblastoma.

Condition Intervention Phase
Drug: 5-ALA
Drug: Gliadel wafers
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Evaluation of the Tolerability and Feasibility of Combining 5-Amino-Levulinic Acid (5-ALA) With Carmustine Wafers (Gliadel) in the Surgical Management of Primary Glioblastoma (GALA-5 Trial)

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University College, London:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety, tolerability, and feasibility of combination intra-operative 5-ALA and Gliadel wafers prior to adjuvant radiotherapy plus temozolomide [ Time Frame: Date of surgery to end of temozolomide and radiotherapy treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to clinical progression [ Time Frame: from the date of surgery to the date of the first MRI scan fitting the criteria for progression, or the date the clinical detrioration or death was first reported ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Survival at 24 months [ Time Frame: from the date of surgery to 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: May 2011
Estimated Primary Completion Date: May 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 5-ALA and Gliadel wafers
This is a single arm feasibility study to evaluate the safety and tolerability of combining 2 technologies (5-ALA and Gliadel wafers) in the surgical management of patients with GBM.
Drug: 5-ALA
5-ALA is used to generate tumour specific fluorescence as an aid to surgical resection of GBM, prior to the insertion of Gliadel wafers
Other Names:
  • Amino-levulinic Acid
  • Gliolan
Drug: Gliadel wafers
The implantation of Carmustine Wafers (Gliadel) delivers carmustine- (3-bis 2-chloroethyl 1-1-nitrosourea (BCNU)) directly into the surgical cavity created after tumour resection.
Other Names:
  • Carmustine wafers
  • polifeprosan 20 with carmustine implant

Detailed Description:



  • To establish that the combined use of 5-ALA and Gliadel wafers during fluorescence-guided radical brain tumor resection is safe and does not compromise patients with primary glioblastoma from receiving or completing adjuvant standard radiotherapy plus temozolomide.


  • To gather preliminary evidence that the combined use of 5-ALA and Gliadel wafers at surgery has the potential to improve clinical outcome, via measurement of time to clinical progression.
  • To gather preliminary evidence that this regimen at surgery has the potential to improve clinical outcome via measurement of survival at 24 months.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Gliadel wafers are applied to resection cavity immediately after 5-ALA fluorescence-guided radical brain tumor resection. After recovery from surgery (within 6 weeks of surgery when possible ), patients receive adjuvant chemoradiotherapy comprising standard radiotherapy and temozolomide.

Tumor biopsy and blood sample may be collected at time of surgery for retrospective MGMT status analysis.

After surgery, patients are followed up at post-surgical visits, during subsequent therapy at routine clinic visits, and at 12, 18, and 24 months.

Peer reviewed and funded by Cancer Research UK.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


i. The patient is reviewed at a specialist neuro-oncology multi-disciplinary team (MDT).

ii. Stealth MRI (neuronavigation) will be performed prior to surgery.

iii. Imaging is evaluated by a neuro-radiologist and judged to have typical appearances of a primary GBM

iv. Radical resection is judged to be realistic by the neurosurgeons at the MDT (i.e. NICE criteria for the use of Carmustine wafers can be met)

v. WHO performance status 0 or 1

vi. Age ≥18

vii. Patient judged by MDT to be fit for standard radical aggressive therapy for GBM (resection followed by RT with concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide)


i. GBM thought to be transformed low grade or secondary disease

ii. The patient has not been seen by a specialist MDT.

iii. There is uncertainty about the radiological diagnosis

iv. 5-ALA or Carmustine wafers is contra-indicated (inc known or suspected allergies to 5-ALA or porphyrins, or acute or chronic types of porphyria)

v. Pregnant or lactating women

vi. Known or suspected HIV or other significant infection or comorbidity that would preclude radical aggressive therapy for GBM

vii. Active liver disease (ALT or AST ≥5 x ULRR)

viii. Concomitant anti-cancer therapy except steroids

ix. History of other malignancies (except for adequately treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma or carcinoma in situ) within 5 years

x. Previous brain surgery (including biopsy) or cranial radiotherapy

xi. Platelets <100 x109/L

xii. Mini mental status score <15

  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01310868

Contact: Lizzie Roberts 02076799116

United Kingdom
Addenbrooke's Hospital Recruiting
Cambridge, England, United Kingdom, CB2 2QQ
Contact: Contact Person    44-1223-762-092   
Royal Preston Hospital Recruiting
Preston, Lancashire, United Kingdom
Contact: Charles Davis   
Principal Investigator: Charles Davis         
Ninewells Hospital Recruiting
Dundee, United Kingdom
Contact: Sam Eljamel   
Principal Investigator: Sam Eljamel         
Southern General Hospital Recruiting
Glasgow, United Kingdom
Contact: Likhith Alakandy   
Principal Investigator: Likhith Alakandy         
Hull Royal Infirmary Not yet recruiting
Hull, United Kingdom
Contact: Shailendra Achawal   
Principal Investigator: Shailendra Achawal         
Leeds General Infirmary Not yet recruiting
Leeds, United Kingdom
Contact: Simon Thomson   
Principal Investigator: Simon Thomson         
The Walton Centre Recruiting
Liverpool, United Kingdom
Contact: Michael Jenkinson   
Principal Investigator: Michael Jenkinson         
King's College Hospital Recruiting
London, United Kingdom
Contact: Keyoumars Ashkan   
Principal Investigator: Keyyoumars Ashkan         
University College London Hospital/ National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery Recruiting
London, United Kingdom
Contact: Paul Mulholland, PhD, MRCP, MSC, MBBS   
Principal Investigator: Paul Mulholland         
Royal Hallamshire Hospital Not yet recruiting
Sheffield, United Kingdom
Contact: David Jellinek   
Principal Investigator: David Jellinek         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University College, London
Principal Investigator: Colin Watts Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: University College, London Identifier: NCT01310868     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000696316, CRUK-UCL-09-0398, 2010-022496-66, 09/0398, 10/H0304/100
Study First Received: March 5, 2011
Last Updated: November 26, 2012
Health Authority: United Kingdom: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Keywords provided by University College, London:
adult giant cell glioblastoma
adult gliosarcoma
adult glioblastoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Aminolevulinic Acid
Levulinic acid
Photosensitizing Agents
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Dermatologic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors processed this record on April 16, 2014