The Use of Ketamine as an Anaesthetic During Electroconvulsive Therapy (KANECT)
The main aim of this research is to ascertain whether Ketamine would be a more effective anaesthetic for Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) than the standard anaesthetic. In doing so the investigators aim to examine the effect of ketamine on ratings of depressive symptoms, the number of required ECT treatments, and the effect of this anaesthetic on memory.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||The Use of Ketamine as an Anaesthetic During Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) for Depression: Does it Improve Treatment Outcome?|
- Change in depressive symptoms [ Time Frame: After 4th treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The primary outcome measure will be change in depressive symptoms after the fourth ECT treatment. This will be assessed by the change in MADRS and 17-item HDRS scores between start of treatment and this timepoint.
- Cognitive side-effects [ Time Frame: 2 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]This will be assessed using the spatial recognition test from the CANTAB battery. This test was chosen as previous research has shown that this test is most sensitive to anterograde memory impairments associated with ECT. By administering this test before, during (after 4th treatment) and after treatment (immediately following and at 1 month follow-up) we will be able to determine whether ketamine can reduce the anterograde memory dysfunction as compared to propofol.
- Change in depressive symptoms after treatment [ Time Frame: 2 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The secondary measure of treatment efficacy will be assessed by the change in MADRS and 17-item HADRS scores immediately after treatment and at 1 month follow-up. Secondly, this will be assessed by the number of treatments required to achieve remission of symptoms, as judged by treating clinicians. By monitoring the number of treatments required we will be able to assess whether ketamine can reduce the number of ECT treatments required.
|Study Start Date:||March 2011|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||June 2013|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||April 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Ketamine used as the anaesthetic during ECT.
Ketamine used as the anaesthetic during ECT.
Other Name: Ketalar
Active Comparator: Propofol
Propofol, the standard anaesthetic, used during ECT.
The standard anaesthetic used for ECT.
Other Name: Diprivan 1%
According to WHO statistics, depression is amongst the leading causes of disability worldwide. In its more severe forms, it can be life threatening. The most severe forms of depression, or those that fail to respond to chemical treatment are treated with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). The treatment is highly effective, and undoubtedly saves lives, but a range of factors, including side effect profile, the necessity for extended hospital care, and stigma, restricts its use.
A recent study has shown that patients who receive ketamine as the anaesthetic for ECT experience an earlier reduction in depressive symptoms and have a greater reduction in depressive symptoms than those receiving propofol (Okamoto et al., 2009). However, in this study eight ECT treatments were given to all participants so it is unknown whether ketamine could have reduced the number of treatments required. Overall, these studies suggest that as well as being a neuroprotective agent; ketamine may also have an antidepressant effect. Given these findings it is hypothesized that the use of ketamine in ECT treatment may reduce the number of ECT sessions required due to this drug's effects on depression ratings.
Our main research question is whether the use of ketamine as the anaesthetic for ECT treatment for depression improves the treatment outcome with respect to speed of response and reduction in side effects when compared to conventional anaesthesia.
|Contact: Ian C Reid, PhD||+44(0)firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Royal Cornhill Hospital, NHS Grampian||Not yet recruiting|
|Aberdeen, United Kingdom, AB25 2ZH|
|Contact: Ian C Reid, PhD +44(0)1224557950 email@example.com|
|Sub-Investigator: Jennifer S Perrin, PhD, MA, BSc|
|Principal Investigator:||Ian C Reid, PhD||University of Aberdeen|