I-care: Stimulating Self-management in Patients With Type 2-diabetes
The overall objective of this pilot study is to develop a cost-effective treatment methodology delivered outside of traditional clinical setting, and based on modern technology for patients with diabetes type 2 also suffering from obesity. This study will investigate the feasibility of web based counselling and situational feedback through mobile supervising. The intention is to treat 10-15 patients. All participants will receive standard treatment delivered by their general practitioners. In addition the participants will fill in and send diaries to the supervisors each evening for 4 weeks reduced to a weekly frequency for the next two months period. The diary's schedule will be an evaluation of the day activities related to meals and food, medication management as well as the performed physical activities. The diary's schedule will also include blood glucose sample, and plans for the next day especially regarding physical activity. The participants will be able to view their own registrations on a web page. Daily/weekly situational feedback will be given to the participants within a cognitive behavioural framework to stimulate self-management. The primary outcome will be the HbA1c levels. Secondary outcomes will include evaluation of lifestyle outcomes such as physical activity levels and eating behaviour, and skills such as self-management of medication. In addition, the interventions effectiveness will examine mental health outcomes such as emotional distress and health-related quality of life.
Diabetes Mellitus, Non-Insulin-Dependent
Behavioral: Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT)
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
|Official Title:||I-care: Stimulating Self-management in Patients With Type 2-diabetes Through Web-based Situational Feedback. A Pilot Study.|
- Blood glucose control with changes in Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) values [ Time Frame: At the baseline and at the end of the intervention (3 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]HBA1c is a form of hemoglobin used primarily to identify the average plasma glucose concentration over prolonged periods of time. It is formed in a non-enzymatic glycation pathway by hemoglobin's exposure to plasma glucose. Normal levels of glucose produce a normal amount of glycated hemoglobin. As the average amount of plasma glucose increases, the fraction of glycated hemoglobin increases in a predictable way. This serves as a marker for average blood glucose levels over the previous months prior to the measurement
- Health Education Impact Questionnaire (heiQ); [ Time Frame: At the baseline and after the end of the intervention (3 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]heiQ is a user-friendly instrument for the comprehensive evaluation of patient education programs with the following dimensions: positive and active engagement in life, health directed behavior, skill and technique acquisition, constructive attitudes and approaches, self-monitoring and insight, health service navigation, social integration and support, and emotional well-being.
- Problem Areas in Diabetes (PAID) [ Time Frame: At the baseline and after the end of the intervention (3 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]PAID is a brief self-report measure of diabetes-related distress that has been found to be useful in patients with diabetes (both type1 and 2). PAID scores have been found to show positive associations with HbA1c, and are a major predictor of poor adherence to treatment not involving general emotional distress
- Food frequency questionnaire FFQ [ Time Frame: At the baseline and after the end of the intervention (3 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]FFQ is a measure designed to measure average long-term diet or usual consumption with specified food items.
- Audit of Diabetes Dependence Quality of Life (ADDQoL-19) [ Time Frame: At the baseline and after the end of the intervention (3months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]ADDQoL19 is a health-related quality of life questionnaire well designed to assess to what extent diabetes may affect different aspects of health related quality of life. The ADDQoL includes 2 introductory questions and 18 specific items, with the purpose of assessing, according to the patient's perspective, how much better his or her life would be if he/she did not have diabetes and how important each of these 19 aspects of life are for the individual.
|Study Start Date:||April 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Experimental: Lifestyle counseling||
Behavioral: Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT)
All patients will receive standard care (reassurance, education, physiotherapy, and necessary medication). Complementary to this standard care, the participants will be required to closely monitor their blood glucose levels, weight, eating behavior and daily activities, and to relay this information to the nurse specialist trained in treating somatic patients with CBT. The nurse will then suggest appropriate treatment decisions, the patients will receive situational feedback based on the electronic diary during 3 months (daily during 4 weeks intensive treatment and weekly during 2 months as a complement).
Diabetes and overweight have become a world health epidemic. The number of people suffering of these diseases is increasing due to population growth, aging, urbanization, and increasing prevalence of obesity and physical inactivity. The costs of diabetes affect health services, national productivity as well as individuals and families. Hospital in-patient costs for the treatment of complications are the largest single contributor to direct healthcare costs. Many of these complications and, therefore, their costs, are preventable. Intensive therapy, directed at the control of blood glucose, blood pressure etc, has been shown to be cost-effective in that, although initial costs are increased, it decreases longer term costs as a result of delayed or prevented complications . Diabetes self-management education is a multi-faceted process involving much more than helping people with diabetes to monitor their blood glucose, or take their medication as prescribed. Diabetes education must be an ongoing process rather than a one-time event because a person's health status and need for support change over time.
|Oslo College University|
|Oslo, Arkeshus, Norway, 0130|
|Principal Investigator:||Andréa AG Nes, Mc||Oslo College University|
|Principal Investigator:||Hilde Eide, Professor||Oslo College University/Buskerud College University|