Oncological and Functional Result of AbdominoPerineal Extra Levator Resection for Distal Rectal Cancer (APER)
The aim of the project is to evaluate the oncological and functional outcome of the more extensive perineal dissection - i.e the extra levator resection - in abdominoperineal resections in patients with rectal cancer.
Hypothesis: Extra levator perineal resection reduces local recurrence three year postoperatively compared to traditional abdominoperineal resection and improves QoL 2-4 years postoperatively.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Retrospective
|Official Title:||A Registry Based Study of Clinical Results and of Health and Wellbeing in Patients After Abdominoperineal Resection for Rectal Cancer|
- 3-year local recurrence [ Time Frame: 3 years postoperatively ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Local recurrence of rectal cancer 3 years after APR
- Postoperative complications [ Time Frame: 30 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]postoperative morbidity: wound infection, deep infections, other infections, wound necrosis, pain, pneumonia, thrombosis
- Reoperation, readmittance and mortality [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Re-operation/s, length of hospital stay/s, re-admittance/s, mortality all within 12 months of primary surgery
- Late morbidity [ Time Frame: 24-48 months postoperatively ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Late morbidity and functional disorders: prolonged wound healing, late infections, limping, pain, sitting problems, urinary incontinence, erectile dysfunction, stoma related dysfunction
- Quality of Life [ Time Frame: 24-48 months postoperatively ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Patient experienced health and QoL 24-48 months postoperatively
- Health economy [ Time Frame: 24-48 months postoperatively ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Health economy analysis of resource consumption
|Study Start Date:||February 2011|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||January 2014|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||January 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
The perineal part of the APR is done with the intent to create a cylindrically shaped specimen thus removing part of or the entire levator muscle with the specimen.
The perineal part of the APR is performed with the intent to remove the tumour with CRM free of tumour and the levator left in place.
Low rectal cancer treated surgically by abdominoperineal resection (APR) has worse outcome than other rectal cancers operated with low anterior resection. In order to improve the outcome in the APR group a more extensive surgical procedure - the extra levator APR - has been suggested. This study aims to investigate both the oncological and the functional outcome of this method as compared to the traditional APR.
Method: All Swedish patients undergoing abdominoperineal resection for rectal cancer 2007-2009 will be analysed regarding operative technique (traditional or extra levator resection). Data on all patients regarding pre op TNM classification, pathological report and local recurrence will be collected from the Swedish Rectal Cancer registry. A validated QoL form will be sent to each patient to further investigate the functional outcome, health economy and Quality of Life 2-4 years postoperatively.
Data will be analysed regarding 3 year recurrence rate (primary endpoint) as well as functional result and QoL (secondary endpoints) in the two different groups - i.e traditional and extra levator APR.