Bronchoscopy and Electric Impedance Tomography (EIT) Pilot Study (Broncho-EIT)
Recruitment status was Recruiting
Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT)is a technique based on the injection of small currents and voltage measurements using electrodes on the skin surface generating cross-sectional images representing impedance change in a slice of the thorax. It is a radiation free, non-invasive and portable lung imaging technique. Impedance changes in lung ventilation are investigated in mechanically ventilated patients who routinely undergo bronchoscopy in intensive care medicine. Bronchoscopy is performed to suction secretions as well as to analyze the secretions to recognize inflammations and diseases. It is an essential intervention which causes changes in ventilation which remain for 1-2 hours. It is not completely investigated why these changes in ventilation remain for so long time and how they are distributed regionally. Therefore the purpose of this study is to investigate the change in pulmonary regional ventilation in patients who routinely undergo bronchoscopy to possibly generate ideas how to optimize the ventilation after bronchoscopy to optimize the patient´s treatment.
Electric Impedance Tomography
Change in Lung Impedance Due to Ventilation
Improvement the Treatment of the Patient
Device: Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT)
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
|Official Title:||Bronchoscopy and Electric Impedance Tomography to Investigate the Influence of Bronchoscopy on Pulmonary Regional Ventilation Measurements by Electric Impedance Tomography (EIT)|
- Comparison of the change in lung impedance due to ventilation before and after bronchoscopy by EIT measurements [ Time Frame: Single Measurement of 1.5 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]It will be investigated if there are changes in lung impedance due to changes in ventilation before, directly after and 10, 30, 60 minutes after bronchoscopy in order to investigate their regional distribution and to generate ideas how the ventilation could be optimized to improve recruitment of the patient´s treatment
|Study Start Date:||January 2011|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||April 2011|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||April 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Patients who routinely undergo bronchoscopy will be measured by EIT directly before, directly after and 10, 30, 60 minutes after bronchoscopy with a rubber belt which is placed around their chest. The EIT measurements will take 1-2 minutes; the total examination will last 1.5 hours.
Device: Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT)
EIT measurements of 1-2 minutes are performed in patients who routinely undergo bronchoscopy (during 1.5 hours) before, directly after and 10, 30, 60 minutes after bronchoscopy. Therefore the rubber belt including 16 integrated electrographic electrodes is placed around the patient´s chest and connected with an EIT device. EIT data are generated by application of a small alternating current of 5mA and 50kHz and are stored and analyzed offline on a personal computer. Pseudonomyzed EIT data are evaluated descriptively.
In 20 mechanically ventilated patients who routinely undergo bronchoscopy Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) measurements whereby, evaluable data of 10 patients are needed, of about 1-2 minutes are performed directly before, directly after and 10, 30, and 60 minutes after bronchoscopy parallel to the following routine measurements: tidal volume, resistance, compliance, heart rate, blood pressure, SpO2 and blood gas values. Prior to the examination a rubber belt with 16 integrated electrocardiographic electrodes is placed around the thorax connected with an EIT- device. EIT data are generated by application of a small alternating current of 5mA and 50kHz and are stored and analyzed offline on a personal computer. The EIT provides a mapping of the distribution of the lung´s electrical impedance and exhibits a far temporal resolution of up to 40 tomograms per second. Because of electrical impedance of the pulmonal tissue is dependant to the air content, the air distribution within the lung over a certain period can be monitored. Analyzing the EIT- data it might be possible to explain the distribution in regional ventilation and how the ventilation could be optimized right after the bronchoscopy to optimize the patient´s treatment.
|Contact: Stefan Krueger, MD||0049 241 8080202 ext firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Sigrid Gloeggler, M.Sc.||0049 241 8035226 ext email@example.com|
|Faculty Medical Clinic 1, University Hospital Aachen||Recruiting|
|Aachen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany, 52074|
|Contact: Stefan Krueger, MD, Assistant Professor ++49 241 80 80202 ext 80202 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Sigrid Gloeggler, M.Sc. ++49 241 8035226 ext 35226 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Stefan Krueger, MD, Assist. Prof.|
|Principal Investigator:||Stefan Krueger, MD, Assoc. Prof.||University Hospital Aachen, Medical Clinic 1, Section of Pneumology, 52074 Aachen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany|