Adherence to Medication and Its Impact on Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Exacerbations: The AMICE Prospective Study
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) represents one of the most challenging chronic diseases of the 21st century: it is expected to be the fourth leading cause of death by 2030. COPD is characterized by pulmonary and extra-pulmonary systemic manifestations caused by partly irreversible expiratory airflow obstruction. The cornerstone of COPD management is the prescription of single or combined inhalation therapy, such as short- and long-acting bronchodilators, inhaled corticosteroids to possibly prevent disease progression, preserve lung function, relieve respiratory symptoms and prevent or treat exacerbations. Given the complex and lifelong treatment, one can expect that adherence to the prescribed inhalation therapy is not self-evident. Adherence can be defined as the "the extent to which a person's behaviour (taking medications, following a recommended diet and/or executing life-style changes) corresponds with the agreed recommendations of a health care provider". Inhaled medications have an additional complexity in that patients who intend to be adherent may be take the inhaled medication incorrectly, prohibiting proper therapeutic action. Taking less than the prescribed amount of medication, missing doses or stopping treatment for brief or extended periods will put the patient at risk for suboptimal disease control. Hence, the effectiveness will largely depend on the patient's ability to manage their disease adequately in daily life.
Using electronic monitoring, 3 studies in COPD found a prevalence of medication non-adherence of 51% which was worse than the average prevalence of 29% (range 3-66%) found across diseases such as hypertension, cancer, epilepsia, infections and HIV.
The existing evidence on risk factors for nonadherence in COPD is mostly anecdotic and not guided by behavioral models. According to the integrated model of behavioral prediction (IMBP), barriers, skills and ability and intention are the most important drivers of adherence (i.e. medication adherence).
The aims of the study are the following:
- To prospectively investigate the impact of medication nonadherence on time to exacerbation (primary end-point) and exacerbation rate, FEV1, hospitalization rate and duration, and quality of life (secondary end-points) at 1 year follow-up using electronic monitoring
- To investigate risk factors for medication nonadherence, using the Integrated Model of Behavioral Prediction as a theoretical framework
- To determine the diagnostic accuracy of different measures of medication nonadherence (i.e. pill count, self-report and physician rating) relative to electronic monitoring.
- To investigate the prevalence of nonadherence to other aspects of the therapeutic regimen, i.e. the use of concomitant medications, smoking cessation, alcohol use, physical activity, attendance to rehabilitation sessions and dietary adherence, their interrelations, and impact (alone and in combination) on time to first exacerbation.
- To investigate the interrelations in adherence to the various components of the therapeutic regimen.
- To investigate the impact of nonadherence to the other components of the therapeutic regimen (alone and in combination) on clinical outcomes (i.e. time to exacerbation, exacerbation rate/PPY, FEV1, hospitalization rate and duration, and quality of life at 1 year follow-up.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Adherence to Medication and Its Impact on COPD Exacerbations: The AMICE Prospective Study|
- time to exacerbation [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- exacerbation rate [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Number of hospitalization rate due to exacerbations [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Duration of hospitalizations due to exacerbations [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Functional status [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
|Study Start Date:||March 2011|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||September 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|COPD patients with hospital admission for exacerbation|
|Contact: Marc Decramer, MD, PhDemail@example.com|
|Contact: Janssens Wim, MD, PhD||016/340 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|University Hospital Leuven||Recruiting|
|Leuven, Flanders, Belgium, 3000|
|Principal Investigator: Marc Decramer, MD, PhD|
|Sub-Investigator: Wim Janssens, MD, PhD|
|Sub-Investigator: Fabienne Dobbels, PhD|
|Sub-Investigator: Troosters Thierry, PhD|
|Principal Investigator:||Marc Decramer, MD, PhD||Universitaire Ziekenhuizen Leuven|