Plethysmography Variability Index as an Indicator of Adequacy of Preload
The investigators propose a prospective observational trial. The investigators plan to enroll 40 female subjects scheduled for elective robotic gynecological surgery under general anesthesia. Hemodynamic data will be recorded at the following intervals: after induction of anesthesia (Baseline), after initiation of pneumoperitoneum, after positioning the patient in Trendelenburg position, and every 15 minutes thereafter. At the end of surgery measurements will be recorded after reversal of Trendelenburg position and after deflation of the peritoneum.
Forearm - fingertip temperature gradients will be measured by Mon-a-thermometer (Mallinckrodt Medical, Inc. St. Louis, MO) and disposable Mon-a-therm thermocouples. Vasoconstriction will be identified when forearm - fingertip temperature gradient is ≥ 00C and PI <1.
Intra-abdominal pressures will be recorded during each measurement of hemodynamic parameters. Trendelenburg position will be measured with an angle ruler.
The aim of our study is to test the hypothesis that stroke volume will drop significantly after initiation of pneumoperitoneum and that it will increase after placement in Trendelenburg position in patients undergoing robotic gynecological procedures. Secondly, the investigators will test the hypothesis that PVI changes correlate with changes in stroke volume and pulse pressure variation (PPV) and can predict an increase in stroke volume after a fluid bolus. The third hypothesis is that delta PVI is independent of the vaso-status of precapillaries at the measured site.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Cardiac Output Changes and Evaluation of Plethysmography Variability Index (PVI) as an Indicator of Adequacy of Preload in Women Undergoing Robotic Surgery|
- Change in Hemodynamic measurements during surgery [ Time Frame: every 15 minutes ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]blood pressure, cardiac index, pulse pressure variation
- Change in Forearm - fingertip temperature during surgery [ Time Frame: Every 15 minutes during surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Forearm - fingertip temperature gradients will be measured by Mon-a-thermometer (Mallinckrodt Medical, Inc. St. Louis, MO) and disposable Mon-a-therm thermocouples.
|Study Start Date:||January 2011|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2014|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
female subjects scheduled for elective robotic gynecological surgery under general anesthesia.
Show Detailed Description
|United States, Kentucky|
|University of Louisville Hospital|
|Louisville, Kentucky, United States, 40202|
|Principal Investigator:||Rainer Lenhardt, MD||University of Louisville|