Carboplatin and Paclitaxel With or Without Viral Therapy in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01280058
First received: January 18, 2011
Last updated: September 16, 2014
Last verified: July 2014
  Purpose

This phase II trial studies how well carboplatin and paclitaxel with or without viral therapy works in treating patients with pancreatic cancer that has come back or has spread to other places in the body. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carboplatin and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Viral therapy may be able to kill tumor cells without damaging normal cells. It is not yet known whether carboplatin and paclitaxel are more effective with or without viral therapy in treating pancreatic cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Acinar Cell Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreas
Duct Cell Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreas
Recurrent Pancreatic Cancer
Stage IV Pancreatic Cancer
Biological: wild-type reovirus
Drug: carboplatin
Drug: paclitaxel
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A 2-Arm Randomized Phase II Study of Carboplatin, Paclitaxel Plus Reovirus Serotype-3 Dearing Strain (Reolysin®) vs. Carboplatin and Paclitaxel in the First Line Treatment of Patients With Recurrent or Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression-free survival using RECIST v. 1.1 [ Time Frame: From study entry to the date of documented progression and/or death, assessed up to 4 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The progression-free survival distributions between the two arms will be compared using log-rank tests. Progression-free survival curves will be constructed using the Kaplan-Meier product limit method, and additional analyses will be done using the Cox proportional hazards model.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall response rate (partial or complete response) evaluated using the standard RECIST v. 1.1 [ Time Frame: Up to 4 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    95% confidence intervals will be calculated. Differences in objective response rates between the treatment arms will be assessed using Fisher's exact test.

  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: From study entry to the time of death due to any cause, assessed up to 4 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Evaluated and compared between the two treatment groups using log-rank statistics and graphically using the methods of Kaplan and Meier.

  • Incidence of severe (grade 3+) adverse events that are classified as either possibly, probably, or definitely related to study treatment, as assessed by NCI CTCAE version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 4 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Toxicities will be described for each treatment arm, but will also be compared between the arms. Fisher's exact tests will be used to quantitatively compare the incidence of severe as well as specific toxicities of interest between the treatment arms and we will graphically assess differences in maximum grades observed for toxicities between the arms.


Other Outcome Measures:
  • Immunologic correlative markers [ Time Frame: Up to day 1 of course 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The inflammatory cytokine profile, immune effector cell phenotype and function, and NARA titers will be assessed and compared. Patterns of change in the longitudinal data on these markers will be evaluated for each of the correlative outcomes of interest.

  • Proportion of patients with Ras pathway activation [ Time Frame: Baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The 95% confidence interval will be assessed. Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test will be used to assess differences in the relationships between response and Ras pathway activation and the association of treatment groups on these relationships.


Estimated Enrollment: 70
Study Start Date: December 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I (wild-type reovirus, carboplatin, paclitaxel)
Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 3 hours and carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on day 1 and wild-type reovirus IV over 60 minutes on days 1-5. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: wild-type reovirus
Given IV
Other Name: REOLYSIN
Drug: carboplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Carboplat
  • CBDCA
  • JM-8
  • Paraplat
  • Paraplatin
Drug: paclitaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anzatax
  • Asotax
  • TAX
  • Taxol
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Experimental: Arm II (carboplatin, paclitaxel)
Patients receive paclitaxel and carboplatin as in Arm I. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with disease progression may crossover to Arm I.
Drug: carboplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Carboplat
  • CBDCA
  • JM-8
  • Paraplat
  • Paraplatin
Drug: paclitaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anzatax
  • Asotax
  • TAX
  • Taxol
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the improvement in progression-free survival with Reolysin (wild-type reovirus), carboplatin, and paclitaxel relative to carboplatin and paclitaxel alone in patients with recurrent or metastatic pancreatic cancer.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of Reolysin in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel versus without Reolysin in patients with recurrent or metastatic pancreas cancer.

II. To compare the treatment groups for other efficacy endpoints such as overall response rate and overall survival.

III. To define how the combination of Reolysin and carboplatin and paclitaxel (CP) modulate factors regulating immunity to reovirus and its persistence in the system circulation of patients with pancreatic cancer.

IV. To prospectively establish and validate the relationship between Ras mutations in tumor samples and response to Reolysin.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive paclitaxel intravenously (IV) over 3 hours and carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on day 1 and wild-type reovirus IV over 60 minutes on days 1-5. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Patients receive paclitaxel and carboplatin as in Arm I. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with disease progression may crossover to Arm I.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 1 month and then every 2 months thereafter.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the pancreas that is recurrent or metastatic; cytological confirmation not allowed on this study; paraffin embedded tissue from tumor blocks will be required from patients before enrolling on this study; diagnosis of pancreas cancer with histologic confirmation of adenocarcinoma would suffice
  • Patients must have measurable disease, defined as one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension per Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 (longest diameter to be recorded) as >= 10 mm by spiral computed tomography (CT) scan (CT scan slice thickness no greater than 5 mm); malignant lymph nodes will be considered measurable if they are >= 15 mm in short axis; for patients previously irradiated, the measurable lesion must be outside the radiated field
  • Patients must not have received any prior chemotherapy in metastatic setting; patients who have received prior chemotherapy in the adjuvant setting will not be eligible for our study; patients should not have received prior Reolysin; prior palliative radiation therapy or major surgery must have occurred at least 28 days prior to study enrollment; prior minor surgeries (such as laparoscopies) must have occurred at least 14 days prior to study enrollment; prior minor procedures such as biopsies and mediport placement must have occurred at least 48 hours prior to study enrollment
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) status =< 1 (Karnofsky >= 70%)
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9/L International System of Units (SI) units
  • Platelet count >= 100 x10^9/L SI units
  • Hemoglobin >= 8.5 g/dL SI units
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dL OR creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min
  • Bilirubin =< upper limit of normal (ULN) (=< 2 x ULN if it is non-rising for a period of 10 days prior to initiation of therapy)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3 X ULN
  • Troponin I < ULN
  • All patients must have signed an informed consent indicating that they are aware of the neoplastic nature of their disease and have been informed of the procedures of the protocol, the experimental nature of the therapy, alternatives, potential benefits, side effects, risks, and discomforts
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; patients must be able to avoid direct contact with pregnant or nursing women, infants and immunocompromised individuals while on study and for >= 3 weeks following the last dose of Reolysin administration
  • All patients must be willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, the treatment plan, and laboratory tests

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents or concurrent therapy with other anti-cancer agents while on study
  • Patients with untreated brain metastases will be excluded from this clinical trial; however, patients with resected oligometastasis are eligible if postresection magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrates resolution; gamma-knife treated patients are also eligible if there are no more than two treated metastases confined to the same area of the brain and a post treatment MRI shows a decrease in the metastases
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to Reolysin or other agents used in the study
  • Patients may not have received any viral-based therapy within the past 6 months
  • Patients must have NO continuing acute toxic effects (except alopecia) of any prior radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or surgical procedures; all such effects must have resolved to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE, version [v.] 4 ) grade =< 1 prior to study enrollment
  • Patients must not have grade 2 or higher baseline peripheral neuropathy according to CTCAE v. 4
  • Patients with uncontrolled cardiac dysfunction or arrhythmia, including a myocardial infarction in the preceding 6 months, known cardiac ejection fraction < 40%, symptomatic congestive heart failure, or unstable angina pectoris
  • Patients must not be receiving concurrent systemic immunosuppressive therapy
  • Patients must not have known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or active hepatitis B or C
  • Patients must not have uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection or known psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Patients must not have dementia or altered mental status that would prohibit informed consent
  • Patients must not have other known severe, acute, or chronic medical or psychiatric condition or laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with study participation, study drug administration, or may interfere with the interpretation of study results that, in the judgment of the Principal Investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for this study
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study; breastfeeding should be discontinued while the mother is being treated with the agents in this clinical trial
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01280058

Locations
United States, District of Columbia
Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center at Georgetown University
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20057
United States, Georgia
Emory University/Winship Cancer Institute
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
United States, New York
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Bronx, New York, United States, 10461
Montefiore Medical Center - Moses Campus
Bronx, New York, United States, 10467-2490
United States, Ohio
Ohio State University Medical Center
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
United States, Oklahoma
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States, 73104
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Tanios Bekaii-Saab Ohio State University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01280058     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2011-02567, NCI-2011-02567, OSU-10045, CDR0000692060, OSU 10045, 8601, N01CM00070, P30CA016058, N01CM62207
Study First Received: January 18, 2011
Last Updated: September 16, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Adenocarcinoma
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Acinar Cell
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Paclitaxel
Carboplatin
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 19, 2014