Clinical Variations and Pain Assessment in Newborns Submitted to Intratracheal Aspiration With Open and Closed System

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Federal University of São Paulo
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01276873
First received: January 11, 2011
Last updated: January 12, 2011
Last verified: December 2010
  Purpose

To compare clinical effects identified in infants undergoing intratracheal aspiration with open and closed systems and verify the presence and intensity of pain in newborns during intratracheal suction, according to the system applied.Clinical, randomized, controlled, and crossover study, performed at two neonatal intensive care units after approval by the ethics committee. The sample consisted of infants from zero to seven days of age, 26 weeks of gestational age, and the exclusion criteria were use of mechanical ventilation with high-frequency oscillatory, in use of inhaled nitric oxide, in the acute phase of circulatory failure, central nervous system disorders, without reactivity to stimulus, severe asphyxia, Apgar score less than three in the fifth minute, as well as, presence of chromosomal abnormalities and congenital malformations. After obtaining the informed consent from the responsible, children were randomly allocated into the experimental (CS) and control (OS) groups. The dependent variables of this study respiratory rate (RR), peripheral oxygen saturation (SatpO2), heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP) and pain, as well as, of the complementary variables, were collected through observation, the Premature Infant Pain Profile (PIPP) scale application and medical records consultation. During the data collection the period of variables observation were: T1 (immediately before suctioning), T2 (during suctioning), T3 (immediately after) and T4 (10 minutes after). To the statistical analysis were applied Fisher exact test, McNemar, Binomial, Student t test, Wilcoxon and Mann Whitney, settling at 0.05 level of significance.


Condition Intervention
Adverse Reaction to Systemic Agents
Device: Tracheal aspiration close system

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Clinical Variations and Pain Assessment in Newborns Submitted to Intratracheal Aspiration With Open and Closed System.

Further study details as provided by Federal University of São Paulo:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Pain response to tracheal suction [ Time Frame: 48 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    There were no statistically significant influences regarding the use of open (OS) or close system (CS) to intratracheal suction in this dependent variable. With OS the average score was 7,9±4,4 and 6,5±3,8 with CS, demonstrating presence of mild to moderate pain.


Enrollment: 13
Study Start Date: January 2010
Study Completion Date: July 2010
Primary Completion Date: July 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Closed System
Application of Tracheal aspiration closed system, controlled by the use of Open system to tracheal aspiraiton.
Device: Tracheal aspiration close system
use of closed system in comparision to open system to tracheal aspiration of nweborns, analyzing pain and climical variations associated.
Other Names:
  • aspiration system
  • suctioning system
  • tracheal suctioning system

Detailed Description:

Background: Patients who underwent tracheal intubation require intratracheal tube secretions sucking, and open system (OS) or closed system (CS) can be used, in order to preserve the tracheal tube permeability and an adequate ventilation and blood oxygenation. Respiratory and hemodynamic complications, as well as, presence of pain can be possibly experienced in newborns submitted to such procedure. Objectives: To compare clinical effects identified in infants undergoing intratracheal aspiration with OS or CS and verify the presence and intensity of pain in newborns during intratracheal suction, according to the system applied. Methods: Clinical, randomized, controlled, and crossover study, performed at two neonatal intensive care units after approval by the ethics committee. The sample consisted of infants from zero to seven days of age, 26 weeks of gestational age, and the exclusion criteria were use of mechanical ventilation with high-frequency oscillatory, in use of inhaled nitric oxide, in the acute phase of circulatory failure, central nervous system disorders, without reactivity to stimulus, severe asphyxia, Apgar score less than three in the fifth minute, as well as, presence of chromosomal abnormalities and congenital malformations. After obtaining the informed consent from the responsible, children were randomly allocated into the experimental (CS) and control (OS) gruops. The dependent variables of this study respiratory rate (RR), peripheral oxygen saturation (SatpO2), heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP) and pain, as well as, of the complementary variables, were collected through observation, the Premature Infant Pain Profile (PIPP) scale application and medical records consultation. During the data collection the period of variables observation were: T1 (immediately before suctioning), T2 (during suctioning), T3 (immediately after) and T4 (10 minutes after). To the statistical analysis were applied Fisher exact test, McNemar, Binomial, Student t test, Wilcoxon and Mann Whitney, settling at 0.05 level of significance. Results: The studied groups did not show significant differences concerning the complementary variables. There were no statistically significant influences regarding the use of OS and CS of intratracheal suction in any of the dependent variables studied. Clinical consequences were observed with the use of both systems. It was demonstrated that immediately after intratracheal aspiration, the newborns had higher RR average in OS (58,4±9,6) group when compared to CS (56,2±5,9). Average values of SatpO2 were lower in OS (90,5±4,8) group compared to CS (91,6±4,6). Bradycardia was not verified in any group, however, there was a trend toward higher mean values of HR immediately after intratracheal aspiration, especially with OS (149,5±17,4) compared with the values identified before the procedure (143,2±18,1). There was low variation in the mean BP value in the two groups during the period of assessment, using both techniques. Regarding pain it was found that, with OS the average score was 7,9±4,4 and 6,5±3,8 with CS, demonstrating presence of mild to moderate pain. During the use of OS intratracheal aspiration higher pain scores (p=0,038) where verified in newborn females compared to males, this result was not observed when using CS. Conclusion: There was no statistically significant difference regarding the clinical implications, the presence and intensity of pain observed in ventilated newborns, according to the use of OS or CS to intratracheal aspiration.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 28 Days
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • infants from zero to seven days of age.
  • 26 weeks of gestational age.
  • responsible concordance in participation

Exclusion Criteria:

  • use of mechanical ventilation with high-frequency oscillatory.
  • use of inhaled nitric oxide.
  • acute phase of circulatory failure.
  • central nervous system disorders.
  • without reactivity to stimulus.
  • severe asphyxia.
  • Apgar score less than three in the fifth minute.
  • Presence of chromosomal abnormalities and congenital malformations
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01276873

Locations
Brazil
Federtal university of São Paulo
São Paulo, Brazil, 04024002
Universidade Federal de São Paulo
São Paulo, Brazil, 04024002
Sponsors and Collaborators
Federal University of São Paulo
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Mavilde LG Pedreira, RN, PhD Federal University of São Paulo
Study Chair: Jaqueline Cardoso, RN Federal University of São Paulo
Study Chair: Ruth Guinsberg, MD, PhD Federal University of São Paulo
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Mavilde da Luz Gonçalves Pedreira, Associated professor
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01276873     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1094/09
Study First Received: January 11, 2011
Last Updated: January 12, 2011
Health Authority: Brazil: National Committee of Ethics in Research

Keywords provided by Federal University of São Paulo:
Artificial Respiration
Suction
Pain
Nursing
Neonatology

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 29, 2014